70. PSALM 15 AND "THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT".
The place of Ps. 15 is seen in the Structure of the first book of the Psalms (p. 721), in which the perfect man of Ps. 15 is set in contrast with "the man of the earth" and other men in Pss. 9-14. It sets forth the character and conditions of a true citizen of Zion.
Hence, the Lord Jesus, in proclaiming the kingdom, Matt. 4:17-7:29 (see the Structure of the whole Gospel), lays down the characters of the true subjects of the kingdom. The kingdom has nothing to do with the present Dispensation, which is one of Grace. The kingdom proclaimed by the King was rejected, and the King was crucified. Hence, "now we see NOT YET all things put under Him" (Heb. 2:8). the kingdom is therefore now in abeyance. But when it shall be set up, then Ps. 15 and "The Sermon on the Mount" will find and receive their full and proper interpretation. See Ap. 63. ix; 71; and 71.
We note below the correspondence
of the subjects treated, in the same order as they are set forth in the Psalm,
which is so complete that it evidently formed the text on which the Sermon on
the Mount was based. See the Structure of Matt. 5:1-7:27.
|PSALM 15.||The Citizen of Zion.||MATT. 5:1-7:29.||The Subjects of the Kingdom.|
|ver. 1.||The Introduction.||5:3-12.||The Introduction.|
|ver. 2.||"He that walketh uprightly"||5:13-16.||Walking in the light.|
|"and worketh righteousness".||5:17-20.||"Your righteousness to exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees".|
|"And speaketh the truth from his heart".||5:21-6:34||Truth in the heart.
Heart hatred. (5:21-26).
Heart adultery. (5:27-32).
Heart alms-giving. (6:1-4).
Heart prayer. (6:5-15).
Heart fasting. (6:16-18).
Heart treasure. (6:19-21).
Heart service. (6:22-24).
Heart rest. (6:25-34).
|ver. 3.||"He that backbiteth not with his tongue...nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbor".||7:1-5.||"Why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye?"|
|"Nor doeth evil to his neighbor".||5:43-48.||"Love your enemies".|
|ver. 4.||"In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoreth them that fear the LORD".||7:15-23.||"Beware of false prophets".
"Ye shall know them by their fruits".
|"He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not".||5:33-37.||"Let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay".|
|ver. 5.||"He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent".||5:38-42.||"Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee, turn not thou away".|
|"He that doeth these things shall never be moved".||7:24-27.||"Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock.....it fell not".|