The Book of 2 Samuel chapters 1-19
The books of Samuel continue the theological history of the Israelites which explains God's law for Israel under the guidance of the prophets. According to Jewish tradition the book was written by Samuel, with additions by the prophets Gad and Nathan. The book was written between 630-540 B.C., by combining a number of independent texts and various ages. The story begins with the prophet Samuel's birth and God's call to him as a boy. The story of the Ark of the Covenant that follows tells of Israel's oppression by the Philistines, which brought about Samuel's anointing of Saul as Israel's first king. But Saul proved unworthy and God's choice turned to David, who defeated Israel's enemies and brought the Ark to Jerusalem. God then promised David and his successors and everlasting dynasty. Towards the end of 1 Samuel, the reign of King Saul over Israel has ended; now David would become the next anointed king.
2 Samuel 1
2Sa 1:1Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag; While Saul was wounded before his death, David pursued the Amalekites, gather up his people and headed to Ziklag.
2Sa 1:2It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.
2Sa 1:3And David said unto him, From whence comest thou? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped.
2Sa 1:4And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me. And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also. The man is going to give his story of what happened.
2Sa 1:5And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?
2Sa 1:6And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him.
2Sa 1:7And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I.
2Sa 1:8And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.
2Sa 1:9He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.
2Sa 1:10So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord. Hmmm. Looks like this man is looking for a promotion or reward from David for killing Saul and bringing him his crown.
2Sa 1:11Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him: They wept for Saul and his son.
2Sa 1:12And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.
2Sa 1:13And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite.
2Sa 1:14And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the LORD'S anointed?
2Sa 1:15And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died. David had no pity on the man as Saul did and had him killed.
2Sa 1:16And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain the LORD'S anointed. Brought on his own death by killing the king of Israel.
2Sa 1:17And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son:
2Sa 1:18(Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.) Song of the bow. (Book of Jasher not in the bible).
2Sa 1:19The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen! "How the mighty have fallen."
2Sa 1:20Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.
2Sa 1:21Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed with oil.
2Sa 1:22From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty.
2Sa 1:23Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.
2Sa 1:24Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.
2Sa 1:25How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine high places.
2Sa 1:26I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.
2Sa 1:27How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished! "How the mighty have fallen." A phrase mentioned three times in this song. This exact phrase has made it's way into our own culture today, when a famous person stumbles.
2 Samuel 2
2Sa 2:1And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron. David consults with the Lord on where he should go next.
2Sa 2:2So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife the Carmelite.
2Sa 2:3And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron. David gathered up his two wives, his men and their families and headed up to Judah and seteled in the village of Hebron.
2Sa 2:4And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul. David was already anointed by Samuel to be King (1 Samuel 16:13), and now his men realize that God has chosen him to be king of Israel.
2Sa 2:5And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him.
2Sa 2:6And now the LORD shew kindness and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing.
2Sa 2:7Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them. Wanted Saul's men to join him.
2Sa 2:8But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim;
2Sa 2:9And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. I guess one of Saul's son Ishbosheth survived the battle as Gilboa.
2Sa 2:10Ishbosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David. He ruled over Israel from Mahanai for two years, but the people of Judah remained loyal to David.
2Sa 2:11And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.
2Sa 2:12And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon.
2Sa 2:13And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool. Here we have a face off between Ishboshet's troops and David's troops at the pool of Gibeon.
2Sa 2:14And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.
2Sa 2:15Then there arose and went over by number twelve of Benjamin, which pertained to Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David. Now we go from a stand off to a challenge. Twelve men against twelve to see who will rule over Israel.
2Sa 2:16And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow's side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkathhazzurim, which is in Gibeon. No Jedi masters here, these guys just all killed each other.
2Sa 2:17And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants of David. A fierce battle followed that day, but the men of Israel were defeated by David and his men.
2Sa 2:18And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe. Zeruiah was David's sister. "Asahel could run like a gazelle."
2Sa 2:19And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner. Asahel ran after Abner and was not going to stop till he caught him.
2Sa 2:20Then Abner looked behind him, and said, Art thou Asahel? And he answered, I am.
2Sa 2:21And Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his armour. But Asahel would not turn aside from following of him. Here's the deal, Abner could take on Asahel in a fight, but he would not want to face his brother Joab if he had to kill him. (Abner and Joab knew each other and were kind of friends).
2Sa 2:22And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab thy brother? Abner shouts out again to Asahel not to follow him.
2Sa 2:23Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still. Asahel refused to listen and turn back, so Abner killed him.
2Sa 2:24Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon. Now Joab and Abishai found out what happened, they set out after Abner.
2Sa 2:25And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill. (Keep in mind that Abner is the cousin of Saul, of the tribe of Benjamin).
2Sa 2:26Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their brethren? Abner wants the fighting to stop between each other. After all, they are all Israel. Fighting among themselves. Sounds like many Christians today who put down one another because of a few different beliefs. We are all Christians and should work together against the real adversary. Satan!
2Sa 2:27And Joab said, As God liveth, unless thou hadst spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother. Joab comes to his senses after hearing what Abner had to say.
2Sa 2:28So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more. Joab calls off his troops and they stopped chasing Israel.
2Sa 2:29And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaim.
2Sa 2:30And Joab returned from following Abner: and when he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David's servants nineteen men and Asahel.
2Sa 2:31But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, so that three hundred and threescore men died.
2Sa 2:32And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at break of day. The battle was over for now but not forgotten. Joab would one day get revenge for his brothers death.
2 Samuel 3
2Sa 3:1 Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker. David's dynasty is becoming stronger as Saul's dynasty became weaker.
2Sa 3:2 And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;Amnon (meaning faithful), was the first son. (He was a rapist).
2Sa 3:3 And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;Chieab (meaning restraint of his father), was the second son. (Died at an early age). Absolom (meaning father of peace), was the third son. (He kills Amnon for raping his sister, and he tries to overthrow and kill David his father).
2Sa 3:4 And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;Adonijah (meaning worshipper of Yah), was the fourth son, as he tries to declare himself king when David was getting older near his death. However, David has plans to make Solomon king over Israel. Shephatiah (Yah has judged), was the fifth son.
2Sa 3:5 And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron.Ithream (excellence of people), was the sixth and last of all the sons of David during the 7-1/2 years he ruled from Hebron. David had his problem child's just as all families do today. "Everybody gets one!"
2Sa 3:6 And it came to pass, while there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, that Abner made himself strong for the house of Saul.Now Abner has become very powerful leader among those loyal to Saul.
2Sa 3:7 And Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah: and Ishbosheth said to Abner, Wherefore hast thou gone in unto my father's concubine?This action of Abner's seems a most evident proof that he intended to seize on the government; and it was so understood by Ish-bosheth; see parallel texts. (2 Samuel 16:21-22, 1 Kings 2:21-22).
2Sa 3:8 Then was Abner very wroth for the words of Ishbosheth, and said, Am I a dog's head, which against Judah do shew kindness this day unto the house of Saul thy father, to his brethren, and to his friends, and have not delivered thee into the hand of David, that thou chargest me to day with a fault concerning this woman?This was a proverbial expression among the Hebrews to denote whatever was deemed worthless and contemptible. (Abner had been nothing but loyal to Ishbosheth).
2Sa 3:9 So do God to Abner, and more also, except, as the LORD hath sworn to David, even so I do to him;Looks like Ishbosheth really upset Abner with his accusations and now Abner is going to help David achieve what the Lord had promised.
2Sa 3:10 To translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beersheba.
2Sa 3:11 And he could not answer Abner a word again, because he feared him.Ishboshet was shocked, but did not say a word because he feared Abner.
2Sa 3:12 And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make thy league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel unto thee.Abner wants to make a deal with David.
2Sa 3:13 And he said, Well; I will make a league with thee: but one thing I require of thee, that is, Thou shalt not see my face, except thou first bring Michal Saul's daughter, when thou comest to see my face.As Michal was not divorced, but violently separated from David, he had a legal right to demand her, and was justified in receiving her again. It is probable, also, that her marriage with Phaltiel was a force upon her inclinations; and whatever affections he might have for her, it was highly criminal for him to take another man's wife. David required Michal probably both out of affection for her, and to strengthen his interest, by asserting his affinity with the house of Saul.
2Sa 3:14 And David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul's son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines.Again, keep in mind that Machal is the one who has the ties between the throne of Saul and David. (Puts the seal on the deal).
2Sa 3:15 And Ishbosheth sent, and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel the son of Laish.Ishboshet takes Michal from Palti her husband.
2Sa 3:16 And her husband went with her along weeping behind her to Bahurim. Then said Abner unto him, Go, return. And he returned.Palti begins to follow and weep for her and Abner tells him to quit crying and go home.
2Sa 3:17 And Abner had communication with the elders of Israel, saying, Ye sought for David in times past to be king over you:
2Sa 3:18 Now then do it: for the LORD hath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies.Now is the time!
2Sa 3:19 And Abner also spake in the ears of Benjamin: and Abner went also to speak in the ears of David in Hebron all that seemed good to Israel, and that seemed good to the whole house of Benjamin.
2Sa 3:20 So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him. And David made Abner and the men that were with him a feast.A little greeting party.
2Sa 3:21 And Abner said unto David, I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel unto my lord the king, that they may make a league with thee, and that thou mayest reign over all that thine heart desireth. And David sent Abner away; and he went in peace.Abner will assemble all the people of Israel to support their new king David.
2Sa 3:22 And, behold, the servants of David and Joab came from pursuing a troop, and brought in a great spoil with them: but Abner was not with David in Hebron; for he had sent him away, and he was gone in peace.Joab (David's head general), was not around when all this took place with Abner. "Now he's back."
2Sa 3:23 When Joab and all the host that was with him were come, they told Joab, saying, Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he hath sent him away, and he is gone in peace.This was a surprise to Joab.
2Sa 3:24 Then Joab came to the king, and said, What hast thou done? behold, Abner came unto thee; why is it that thou hast sent him away, and he is quite gone?What have you done David?
2Sa 3:25 Thou knowest Abner the son of Ner, that he came to deceive thee, and to know thy going out and thy coming in, and to know all that thou doest.You know Abner came to spy on you.
2Sa 3:26 And when Joab was come out from David, he sent messengers after Abner, which brought him again from the well of Sirah: but David knew it not.Joab send men after Abner and brings him back, but David didn't know what he was up to.
2Sa 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.Remember the promise of revenge for killing Joab's brother?
2Sa 3:28 And afterward when David heard it, he said, I and my kingdom are guiltless before the LORD for ever from the blood of Abner the son of Ner:David washes his hands over the death of Abner, son of Ner.
2Sa 3:29 Let it rest on the head of Joab, and on all his father's house; and let there not fail from the house of Joab one that hath an issue, or that is a leper, or that leaneth on a staff, or that falleth on the sword, or that lacketh bread.A curse upon Joab and his family.
2Sa 3:30 So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.Apparently Joab and Abishai were in it together.
2Sa 3:31 And David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him, Rend your clothes, and gird you with sackcloth, and mourn before Abner. And king David himself followed the bier.
2Sa 3:32 And they buried Abner in Hebron: and the king lifted up his voice, and wept at the grave of Abner; and all the people wept.
2Sa 3:33 And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a fool dieth?
2Sa 3:34 Thy hands were not bound, nor thy feet put into fetters: as a man falleth before wicked men, so fellest thou. And all the people wept again over him.
2Sa 3:35 And when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was yet day, David sware, saying, So do God to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or ought else, till the sun be down.
2Sa 3:36 And all the people took notice of it, and it pleased them: as whatsoever the king did pleased all the people.Everything David did pleased the people.
2Sa 3:37 For all the people and all Israel understood that day that it was not of the king to slay Abner the son of Ner.David's hands were clean for the death of Abner.
2Sa 3:38 And the king said unto his servants, Know ye not that there is a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel?
2Sa 3:39 And I am this day weak, though anointed king; and these men the sons of Zeruiah be too hard for me: the LORD shall reward the doer of evil according to his wickedness.David calls upon the Lord to take care of Joab and Abishai. (Psalm 7:16, 28:4).
2 Samuel 4
2Sa 4:1 And when Saul's son heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands were feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled. Before, Abner was loyal to Ishboshet, but because of their little disagreement, Abner joined up with David, but was killed by Joab. Now when Ishboshet heard about Abner's death at Hedron, he lost his courage and all Israel were shaking in their sandals. (Paralyzed with fear).
2Sa 4:2 And Saul's son had two men that were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin:
2Sa 4:3 And the Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and were sojourners there until this day.)
2Sa 4:4 And Jonathan, Saul's son, had a son that was lame of his feet. He was five years old when the tidings came of Saul and Jonathan out of Jezreel, and his nurse took him up, and fled: and it came to pass, as she made haste to flee, that he fell, and became lame. And his name was Mephibosheth.Guess she was a little clumsy being in a hurry.
2Sa 4:5 And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of Ishbosheth, who lay on a bed at noon."Ishbosheth taking an afternoon siesta."
2Sa 4:6 And they came thither into the midst of the house, as though they would have fetched wheat; and they smote him under the fifth rib: and Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped.Supposedly Recab and Baanah were going to the house to get food for the troops, but had other plans. "They slip by the door keeper."
2Sa 4:7 For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and gat them away through the plain all night.Now that Recab and Baanah slipped by the door (because the woman who kept watch fell asleep), and killed Ishbosheth, then cut off his head.
2Sa 4:8 And they brought the head of Ishbosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to the king, Behold the head of Ishbosheth the son of Saul thine enemy, which sought thy life; and the LORD hath avenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed.These two guys bring the head of Ishbosheth to Hebron and present it to king David. They think they are doing David a favor (probably seeking a reward), but David had never lifted a hand against Saul in revenge. (This was no favor to David, but just another problem and innocent killing).
2Sa 4:9 And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said unto them, As the LORD liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity,
2Sa 4:10 When one told me, saying, Behold, Saul is dead, thinking to have brought good tidings, I took hold of him, and slew him in Ziklag, who thought that I would have given him a reward for his tidings:Better watch what news you bring the king.
2Sa 4:11 How much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous person in his own house upon his bed? shall I not therefore now require his blood of your hand, and take you away from the earth?Not looking to good for Rechab and Baanah. (I think they might be shaking in their sandals now).
2Sa 4:12 And David commanded his young men, and they slew them, and cut off their hands and their feet, and hanged them up over the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ishbosheth, and buried it in the sepulchre of Abner in Hebron.David had his men kill both of them and cut off their hands and feet and hung them on a tree, not to defile the land. (Psalm 55:23, Deuteronomy 21:22-23).
2 Samuel 5
2Sa 5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. Men from all the tribes of Israel came to join David's army. (1 Chronicles 12:23-40).
2Sa 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.This young shepherd boy who slew Goliath would not become the shepherd over Israel as their leader.
2Sa 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.Anointed by the elders as "king of Israel."
2Sa 5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
2Sa 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
2Sa 5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither.The Jebusites taunted David by saying he was weak and the blind and lame could keep him out of their land. The Jebusites were one of the tribes that were to be removed but never were. (Joshua 15:63, Judges 1:21).
2Sa 5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.
2Sa 5:8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.Strike them through the water tunnel. (The origin of the saying, the blind and the lame may not enter the house).
2Sa 5:9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.David takes the fortress and made it his home. He called it "the city of David."
2Sa 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.God was with Him! (Always do things God's way).
2Sa 5:11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.The king of Tyre sends men and supplies to build David a palace. Remember who the king of Tyre represents? Read (Ezekiel 28).
2Sa 5:12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake.
2Sa 5:13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.Now David takes on more wives. (This was more about political alliances than about sex). However, I'm sure all the benefits came with it.
2Sa 5:14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,
2Sa 5:15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
2Sa 5:16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.
2Sa 5:17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold.The Philistines mobilized their army to go and capture David.
2Sa 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.Spread across the valley of Raphaim.
2Sa 5:19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.David consults with the Lord about the attacking the Philistines. "The Lord tells him, go ahead!"
2Sa 5:20 And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim.David gets the victory with the help of the Lord.
2Sa 5:21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.Burned all their idols.
2Sa 5:22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.The Philistines return with a much larger army. (Some scholars say it was three times larger than before).
2Sa 5:23 And when David enquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.David consults with the Lord again, and the Lord gives him some covert moves.
2Sa 5:24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.God is going to give David a little help on this one.
2Sa 5:25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.David gets the victory again with the help of the Lord. (Never underestimate the power of the Lord).
2 Samuel 6
2Sa 6:1 Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand. David gathers up all the elite troops in Israel.
2Sa 6:2 And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims.Baale Judah: Masters of Judah. "Kirjath-jearim." (No these are not Jedi masters), this is a city in Judah. David and his men are going to retrieve the "Ark of the Covenant." (1 Chronicles 13:3-6). They kind of forgot about the "Ark of the Covenant" since the days of Saul. The Ark was to be a picture of God's Throne in Heaven, and it contained the Ten Commandments written in stone. (Not to good to forget about God).
2Sa 6:3 And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart.The Ark was placed on a new cart to be moved. "Big mistake." (This was an idea they got from the Philistines when they captured the Ark about fifty years earlier). The Ark was designed to be carried on the shoulders of the priests. (Numbers 7:6-9).
2Sa 6:4 And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark.
2Sa 6:5 And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.Singing and celebrating as they moved the Ark.
2Sa 6:6 And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.As the Ark was being moved on the cart, the oxen stumbled, and Uzzah reached out to steady the Ark. "Another mistake to touch the Ark."
2Sa 6:7 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.God strikes Uzzah dead for touching the Ark. "Nothing personal against Uzzah." (The problem was that they did not move the Ark properly). You need to do things God's way!
2Sa 6:8 And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.David was a little upset for what happened to Uzzah and named the place "Perez-uzzah." (to burst out against Uzzah).
2Sa 6:9 And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me?David became a little terrified of the Lord that day. Now David is worried about what might happen if he brings the Ark to back Jerusalem.
2Sa 6:10 So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.David decides to take the Ark to a man called Obededom (worker of Edom), apparently this man may have had experience with the Ark.
2Sa 6:11 And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.The Lord was happy with the Ark in His care and blessed him and his whole family.
2Sa 6:12 And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness.This may have been kind of a test run for David. He sees how the Lord had blessed Obededom because of the Ark and now he wants some of the same blessings. So, David brings the Ark to the City of David with a great celebration.
2Sa 6:13 And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.Notice they are carrying the Ark now. However, David is cautious, he has the men only take six steps before his sacrifice to the Lord.
2Sa 6:14 And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.David puts on the priestly garments and dances before the Lord.
2Sa 6:15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.
2Sa 6:16 And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.Remember Michal, (David's first wife and daughter of Saul), she thinks David is a fool leaping and dancing before the Ark and despised him.
2Sa 6:17 And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.David sets up his own tent for the Ark.
2Sa 6:18 And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts.Finished with his sacrifices, David blesses the people in the name of the Lord.
2Sa 6:19 And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house.Everyone gets a snack to take home.
2Sa 6:20 Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!Michal thinks David was a fool exposing himself in dance before the servant girls. Do we sense a little jealously here?
2Sa 6:21 And David said unto Michal, It was before the LORD, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD.Lighten up David tells Michal. I dance before the Lord because he appointed me leader over the people above your father and his family.
2Sa 6:22 And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour.David is only concerned what the Lord thinks, not Michal. Besides, the servant girls think I am distinguished! (Just a little dig back at her).
2Sa 6:23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.Looks like David and Michal are not going to hit it off in the bed chamber any longer, or maybe she just can't have any more children from this day on.
2 Samuel 7
2Sa 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies; The Lord gave him rest. (Your true rest comes form Jesus Christ).
2Sa 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.David summons Nathan the prophet about the Ark of God sitting in a tent while he lives in a luxury palace.
2Sa 7:3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.The Lord is with you David.
2Sa 7:4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,Words for the prophet from the Lord.
2Sa 7:5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?Build a house for the Lord to dwell in. However, the book of Chronicles tells a little different story. (1 Chronicles 17:4), Nathan was told to tell David not to build a house for Him to dwell in. The reason why is recorded in (1 Chronicles 22:8). (To much blood shed for the temple to be built by him).
2Sa 7:6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.Moving from one tent to another.
2Sa 7:7 In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?Never complained or asked the people of Israel to build Me a palace to dwell in.
2Sa 7:8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:David was selected by God to lead his people.
2Sa 7:9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.To this day his name is famous among all people of the world. (Everyone knows the story of David and Goliath).
2Sa 7:10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,Plant them in a secure place from the enemies oppression.
2Sa 7:11 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house.It is all about what God does for us that is really important. God wants to work in us and through us to help further His plan. (If it be Gods will).
2Sa 7:12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.The strength of the kingdom will continue on through your offspring. It would be through David that Christ would come. (1 Chronicles 17:11, Psalm 89:29, Isaiah 9:7, Acts 2:30).
2Sa 7:13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.Speaking of Jesus Christ.
2Sa 7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:Received the stripes for us all to have salvation.
2Sa 7:15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
2Sa 7:16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.Christ's throne will established forever. It would be Solomon who will build the physical temple. David's dynasty would continue to rule forever. The final part of the promise would end with the Messiah, Jesus Christ will rule the Kingdom of God forever. (Revelation 11:15).
2Sa 7:17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.David gets the whole story from Nathan the prophet about what the Lord had said in this vision.
2Sa 7:18 Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?Sometimes we get the idea that were so great, its all about us. (Its not about David, but who would come through David).
2Sa 7:19 And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?David is getting the whole picture now, and understands that this is prophecy for the future.
2Sa 7:20 And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.Yes, God knows your heart.
2Sa 7:21 For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.
2Sa 7:22 Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.There is only one true God. "The God of the living."
2Sa 7:23 And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods?
2Sa 7:24 For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God.
2Sa 7:25 And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said.The promise to make thy seed of Abraham as the sand of the sea which cannot be numbered. (Genesis 32:12).
2Sa 7:26 And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee.
2Sa 7:27 For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.
2Sa 7:28 And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:
2Sa 7:29 Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.Although David would be a King, he refers to himself as God's servant. Christ also referred to Himself as a servant to mankind. You may be a king or a person of great importance, but it is still all about being a servant in the family of God. But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them. But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister: And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all. For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. (Mark 10:42-45). Jesus Christ came to serve, so we should have no problem being a servant to others in need.
2 Samuel 8
2Sa 8:1 And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines. David defeated the Philistines at Gath (one of the Philistines most important cities), where David defeated Goliath earlier as a boy. Gath, In the parallel passage of Chronicles, we read, "David took Gath and her towns;" and it is probable, that Gath and its districts were called Metheg-ammah in David's time; which, being unusual or becoming obsolete, in the time of the author of the Chronicles, led him thus to explain it.
2Sa 8:2 And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.David also conquers the Moabites and puts two thirds of its army to death. (It is believed by some scholars that the king of Moab killed David's parents). This could have been David's sweet revenge.
2Sa 8:3 David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.He destroys the forces of Hadadeze along the Euphrates River. (David staying within the boundaries promised by God to the people of Israel).
2Sa 8:4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots.David crippled the army of Charioteers by cutting the Achilles tendon of the horses. (Common practice at the time).
2Sa 8:5 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.King Hadadezer sends for reinforcements from the Syrians, but David killed 22,000 of them. (David is on a roll here).
2Sa 8:6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.David places several army garrisons in Damascus (Capital of Syria), and they became his subjects. David was victorious wherever he went. Why? "He had Gods help."
2Sa 8:7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
2Sa 8:8 And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.
2Sa 8:9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
2Sa 8:10 Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:David finds a new ally. Hadadezer and Toi had been at war with each other. Now Toi sends his son to present David with gifts of silver, gold, and bronze.
2Sa 8:11 Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued;Notice David dedicates everything to the Lord that he collects from the nations he defeated.
2Sa 8:12 Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
2Sa 8:13 And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.David becomes more famous when he returns from destroying the Edomites.
2Sa 8:14 And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
2Sa 8:15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.After conquering from east to west and north to south, David rules over all Israel with the help of the Lord.
2Sa 8:16 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
2Sa 8:17 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;
2Sa 8:18 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.David organizes everything here by delegating responsibility out to different heads of tribes. David's sons served as the priestly leaders.
2 Samuel 9
2Sa 9:1 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for Jonathan's sake? Jonathan was the best friend of David. (Jonathan was Saul's son). David made a promise to Jonathan when he becomes king to show kindness to him and his family. (1 Samuel 20:14-17).
2Sa 9:2 And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba. And when they had called him unto David, the king said unto him, Art thou Ziba? And he said, Thy servant is he.Ziba was one of Saul's servants who had been running things after Saul died.
2Sa 9:3 And the king said, Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may shew the kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son, which is lame on his feet.Jonathan had a son who was crippled named Mephibosheth who was still alive. (2 Samuel 4:4). Kindness of God: That is, the highest degree of kindness; as the hail of God is very great hail; the mountains of God exceeding high mountains; besides which, this kindness was according to the covenant of God made between him and Jonathan.
2Sa 9:4 And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar.Ziba tells David where to find him.
2Sa 9:5 Then king David sent, and fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lodebar.
2Sa 9:6 Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come unto David, he fell on his face, and did reverence. And David said, Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold thy servant!Mephibosheth: Also called Meribbaal who begat Micah. (1 Chronicles 8:34, 9:40).
2Sa 9:7 And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually.Mephibosheth was afraid of David at first, thinking he might want him dead, but it was just the opposite. David wanted to help him.
2Sa 9:8 And he bowed himself, and said, What is thy servant, that thou shouldest look upon such a dead dog as I am?
2Sa 9:9 Then the king called to Ziba, Saul's servant, and said unto him, I have given unto thy master's son all that pertained to Saul and to all his house.Wow, what great news for Mephibosheth. He is thinking that David may have him killed, but now he becomes wealthy with land and servants because of David's promise to Jonathan. (God always in control when times seem tough).
2Sa 9:10 Thou therefore, and thy sons, and thy servants, shall till the land for him, and thou shalt bring in the fruits, that thy master's son may have food to eat: but Mephibosheth thy master's son shall eat bread alway at my table. Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants.Now Mephibosheth gains a seat right at David's table.
2Sa 9:11 Then said Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king hath commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do. As for Mephibosheth, said the king, he shall eat at my table, as one of the king's sons.David treated Mephibosheth like one of his own sons.
2Sa 9:12 And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha. And all that dwelt in the house of Ziba were servants unto Mephibosheth.Now Mephibosheth has a son, and his name is Micah.
2Sa 9:13 So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he did eat continually at the king's table; and was lame on both his feet.Mephibosheth was now a regular around the king.
2 Samuel 10
2Sa 10:1 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead. Nahash (meaning serpent), was the king of Ammon. Hunun (meaning favored), the son of Nahash became king.
2Sa 10:2 Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David's servants came into the land of the children of Ammon.David sends servants to convey his condolences.
2Sa 10:3 And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David rather sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it?Commanders of Hanun didn't trust David and told Hanun they were their to spy on them so David could conquer them.
2Sa 10:4 Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.Hunun listened to his commanders and wanted to send David's men back in shame.
2Sa 10:5 When they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.David tells the men to remain in Jericho till their beards grew back and then return home.
2Sa 10:6 And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men.Now the people of Ammon know they insulted David to anger and hired some help from the Syrians.
2Sa 10:7 And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.David hears what Hunun was up to and sends Joab and his warriors to fight them.
2Sa 10:8 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.Splitting up their forces.
2Sa 10:9 When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:Joab sees what happening and splits up his forces also.
2Sa 10:10 And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.
2Sa 10:11 And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will come and help thee.If one army was to strong for them, the other would come and help.
2Sa 10:12 Be of good courage, and let us play the men for our people, and for the cities of our God: and the LORD do that which seemeth him good.Notice he says; "may God's will be done."
2Sa 10:13 And Joab drew nigh, and the people that were with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him.The Syrians ran when Joab and his troops attacked. (Bunch of wimps).
2Sa 10:14 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.When the children of Ammon seen the Syrians run, they ran also.
2Sa 10:15 And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together.The Syrians seen they were no match for Israel and went to regroup.
2Sa 10:16 And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.The Syrian king (Hadarezer), brought out more Syrian troops to confront David.
2Sa 10:17 And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought with him.David mobilized all Israel, crossed the Jordan River, and led his army into battle against the Syrians.
2Sa 10:18 And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there.David's men defeated the army of soldiers and killed the commander of their army.
2Sa 10:19 And when all the kings that were servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.Peace became between the Syrians and Israel, but the battle with the Ammonites wasn't actually over yet.
2 Samuel 11
2Sa 11:1 And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. It appears that David is going to take a little break from the war against the Ammonites. He sends Joab out to lead his army and laid siege to the city of Rabbah. David decides to stay behind in Jerusalem. Kind of a vacation from the war. (Here is where David gets into trouble).
2Sa 11:2 And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.David is doing a little peeping from the palace roof.
2Sa 11:3 And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?The woman David was watching take a bath was Bathsheba (wife of Uriah), and she was beautiful. (Temptation is about to set in, David is thinking with the wrong head again).
2Sa 11:4 And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house.David sends for Bathsheba and sleeps with her.
2Sa 11:5 And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child.Bing, bang, boom, she conceives a child. Now what?
2Sa 11:6 And David sent to Joab, saying, Send me Uriah the Hittite. And Joab sent Uriah to David.David gets an idea and sends for Uriah, the husband of Bathsheba.
2Sa 11:7 And when Uriah was come unto him, David demanded of him how Joab did, and how the people did, and how the war prospered.He first asked about Joab and the battle.
2Sa 11:8 And David said to Uriah, Go down to thy house, and wash thy feet. And Uriah departed out of the king's house, and there followed him a mess of meat from the king.Then he tells Uriah to go home and relax. (Really he wants Uriah to go and have sex with his wife to cover up his sin). Not going to work!
2Sa 11:9 But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house with all the servants of his lord, and went not down to his house.Uriah decides to spend the night at the door of the king's house.
2Sa 11:10 And when they had told David, saying, Uriah went not down unto his house, David said unto Uriah, Camest thou not from thy journey? why then didst thou not go down unto thine house?What's going on Uriah, you must want to spend some time with your wife?
2Sa 11:11 And Uriah said unto David, The ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with my wife? as thou livest, and as thy soul liveth, I will not do this thing.Uriah feels that he should not enjoy any extras because his men are still out on the battle field. (He wouldn't do it).
2Sa 11:12 And David said to Uriah, Tarry here to day also, and to morrow I will let thee depart. So Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day, and the morrow.David's plan did not work, so he is going to send Uriah back to the army the next day.
2Sa 11:13 And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not down to his house.Meanwhile David invites him to dinner and tries to get Uriah drunk, hopping he will want to go and sleep with his wife. (You know how alcohol and sex mixes). Only problem, Uriah once again slept at the king's palace.
2Sa 11:14 And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.David writes a letter to Joab and gives it to Uriah. (The letter of death). Would Uriah peek at the contents?
2Sa 11:15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die.He wants Uriah to be sent to the front lines to be killed. (Great cover up). I think Joab might have known what David had done and what he was up to. (Sleazy news travels fast).
2Sa 11:16 And it came to pass, when Joab observed the city, that he assigned Uriah unto a place where he knew that valiant men were.It appears that Uriah didn't open the letter (he was a faithful friend), and Joab carried out David's request. Uriah gets sent out to the front lines.
2Sa 11:17 And the men of the city went out, and fought with Joab: and there fell some of the people of the servants of David; and Uriah the Hittite died also.Yes, Uriah was killed, just like David planed. However, it was at the expense of other men also who died.
2Sa 11:18 Then Joab sent and told David all the things concerning the war;
2Sa 11:19 And charged the messenger, saying, When thou hast made an end of telling the matters of the war unto the king,Joab sends a report to the king.
2Sa 11:20 And if so be that the king's wrath arise, and he say unto thee, Wherefore approached ye so nigh unto the city when ye did fight? knew ye not that they would shoot from the wall?Joab knew why the king would act angry, it was all part of the plan.
2Sa 11:21 Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.Getting the messenger ready to hear all the excuses. Then, tell him about the main attraction. "Uriah the Hittite was killed too."
2Sa 11:22 So the messenger went, and came and shewed David all that Joab had sent him for.The complete message was delivered to David.
2Sa 11:23 And the messenger said unto David, Surely the men prevailed against us, and came out unto us into the field, and we were upon them even unto the entering of the gate.
2Sa 11:24 And the shooters shot from off the wall upon thy servants; and some of the king's servants be dead, and thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
2Sa 11:25 Then David said unto the messenger, Thus shalt thou say unto Joab, Let not this thing displease thee, for the sword devoureth one as well as another: make thy battle more strong against the city, and overthrow it: and encourage thou him.I think it might of went something more like this. Well, its bad news, but tell Joab everything will be well now. Don't be discouraged, just fight harder the next time. (The plan was over, lets move on).
2Sa 11:26 And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband.Here comes the phony tears from Bathsheba. After all, she may have lost a captain, but she will now gain a king.
2Sa 11:27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the LORD.David wins the girl and has a son by her, but the Lord was not with David on this one. (It was that other guy, Satan perhaps). The Lord was very displeased with what David had done.
2 Samuel 12
2Sa 12:1 And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor. The Lord sends Nathan the prophet to tell David a story. The parable starts out with two men as the example, but ends up with David passing judgment on himself.
2Sa 12:2 The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds:Very wealthy.
2Sa 12:3 But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up: and it grew up together with him, and with his children; it did eat of his own meat, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter.The poor man had nothing but a little lamb that he cherished.
2Sa 12:4 And there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he spared to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.The wealthy man took the poor mans lamb and killed it for his guest to eat instead of one of his own.
2Sa 12:5 And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, As the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die:When David hears this he became furious at the wealthy man. He deserves to die for such a thing that he did to the poor man.
2Sa 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.David says to Nathan, the man should repay the poor man four lambs for what he had done.
2Sa 12:7 And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;Nathan tells David, "the story is about you." Your the guilty rich man in the story.
2Sa 12:8 And I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.God gave you everything, including wives and kingdoms of Israel. If not enough, the Lord would have given you more.
2Sa 12:9 Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.Now you despised the name of the Lord by being greedy. Having a couple of wives was not enough for David, he had to murder his friend Uriah through the Ammonites and then steal his wife. (The typical rich who never have enough, or think they are above the law). "Their not above God's law!"
2Sa 12:10 Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife.The consequences for David's sin (killing Uriah), would bring trouble upon his house and family.
2Sa 12:11 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun.Your own household will rebel against you, and your wives will sleep with other men.
2Sa 12:12 For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.Your sin was in secret, but what will happen to you will be open in the site of all Israel.
2Sa 12:13 And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.David fesses up and admits he sinned against the lord. Nathan tells David the Lord has forgiven you, and you yourself will not die.
2Sa 12:14 Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die.However, your child will die.
2Sa 12:15 And Nathan departed unto his house. And the LORD struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, and it was very sick.The child that was struck with illness was the one between David and Uriah's wife Bathsheba.
2Sa 12:16 David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and went in, and lay all night upon the earth.David begs God to save the child.
2Sa 12:17 And the elders of his house arose, and went to him, to raise him up from the earth: but he would not, neither did he eat bread with them.David is totally upset over the child's illness and would not eat.
2Sa 12:18 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for they said, Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is dead?The child dies and no one wants to tell David because they did not know what drastic thing David might do next.
2Sa 12:19 But when David saw that his servants whispered, David perceived that the child was dead: therefore David said unto his servants, Is the child dead? And they said, He is dead.David knew something was up when he seen them all whispering. He finds out the child was dead.
2Sa 12:20 Then David arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat.David gets up, cleans himself up and went to the tabernacle to worship the Lord.
2Sa 12:21 Then said his servants unto him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread.Don't worry, the death of that child will be on David's mind forever, just as a reminder.
2Sa 12:22 And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live?
2Sa 12:23 But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.What's done is done. David figures he can't bring the child back, so lest move on. (He know he will see the child in heaven).
2Sa 12:24 And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him.David sleeps with Bathsheba again and she has a baby boy. David name him Solomon, and the Lord loved him. (God works in mysterious ways).
2Sa 12:25 And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the LORD.Nathan the prophet tells them that they should name the child Jedidiah (meaning, beloved of Yahveh).
2Sa 12:26 And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.
2Sa 12:27 And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah, and have taken the city of waters.
2Sa 12:28 Now therefore gather the rest of the people together, and encamp against the city, and take it: lest I take the city, and it be called after my name.Joab gives David kind of an ultimatum, bring the army, or I will capture the city and get the credit. (I think Joab wanted David to be at the war zone with him instead of playing with all the pretty girls at the palace).
2Sa 12:29 And David gathered all the people together, and went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it.David decides to bring the army.
2Sa 12:30 And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof was a talent of gold with the precious stones: and it was set on David's head. And he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance.A seventy five pound crown. (That will give you a neck ache).
2Sa 12:31 And he brought forth the people that were therein, and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron, and made them pass through the brickkiln: and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.The people of Rabbah were made slaves to work in the brick kilns (like a huge oven). This is slavery at its peak. I worked as a laborer in the refinishing of the inside of a lime kiln at Hammermill paper company when it was in business back in the late seventies. Temperatures were above 100 degrees all the time and the lime dust would eat at your skin when it mixed with your sweat. (Felt like real slave labor).
2 Samuel 13
Before we begin this chapter, keep in mind that David had several wives and children. David was the father of all the children, but they had different mothers. (Quite the variety of a step family).
2Sa 13:1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her. Now David's son Absalom had a beautiful sister named Tamar. One of David's other sons Amnon (Tamar's half brother), fell in love with his step sister Tamar.
2Sa 13:2 And Amnon was so vexed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar; for she was a virgin; and Amnon thought it hard for him to do any thing to her.A beautiful virgin girl that Amnon thought he could never have.
2Sa 13:3 But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab was a very subtil man.Amnon had a cousin Jonadab, that was very crafty. (Here comes trouble).
2Sa 13:4 And he said unto him, Why art thou, being the king's son, lean from day to day? wilt thou not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister.Amnon tells Jonadab why he was so sad and that he was in love with his step sister Tamar.
2Sa 13:5 And Jonadab said unto him, Lay thee down on thy bed, and make thyself sick: and when thy father cometh to see thee, say unto him, I pray thee, let my sister Tamar come, and give me meat, and dress the meat in my sight, that I may see it, and eat it at her hand.Looks like Amnon and Tamar are going to hook up with the advice of Jonadab. (Not good advice to follow here).
2Sa 13:6 So Amnon lay down, and made himself sick: and when the king was come to see him, Amnon said unto the king, I pray thee, let Tamar my sister come, and make me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat at her hand.Loved to watch her cook. (Not what really was on his mind).
2Sa 13:7 Then David sent home to Tamar, saying, Go now to thy brother Amnon's house, and dress him meat.David sends for Tamar and grants Amnon's request.
2Sa 13:8 So Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house; and he was laid down. And she took flour, and kneaded it, and made cakes in his sight, and did bake the cakes.Cooking up his favorite meal.
2Sa 13:9 And she took a pan, and poured them out before him; but he refused to eat. And Amnon said, Have out all men from me. And they went out every man from him.Here is where the seduction begins.
2Sa 13:10 And Amnon said unto Tamar, Bring the meat into the chamber, that I may eat of thine hand. And Tamar took the cakes which she had made, and brought them into the chamber to Amnon her brother.Tamar does as he asked and brings him the food.
2Sa 13:11 And when she had brought them unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come lie with me, my sister.Come over here and lets get it on.
2Sa 13:12 And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not force me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this folly.Tamar refuses and cries out, "don't be foolish brother," "don't do this to me."
2Sa 13:13 And I, whither shall I cause my shame to go? and as for thee, thou shalt be as one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the king; for he will not withhold me from thee.Tamar says we would be shamed and called fools if we sleep together. Go ask the king, and he will let you marry me first. What? I think Tamar is just buying time to get away so Amnon wouldn't rape her. (Good move Tamar, but will it work)?
2Sa 13:14 Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with her.Amnon wouldn't listen to her (most rapists won't), and since he was stronger than her, he raped her. (What he thought was love just turned to lust of the flesh).
2Sa 13:15 Then Amnon hated her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated her was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her. And Amnon said unto her, Arise, be gone.Amnon was a real scum bag, he says he loves her, rapes her, then says he hates her and sends her away. (No any scum bags like that)? I've come across a few like this in my days. (They will pay for what they have done). Don't worry ladies if you have been raped and they think they got away with it. Vengeance will be yours on judgment day!
2Sa 13:16 And she said unto him, There is no cause: this evil in sending me away is greater than the other that thou didst unto me. But he would not hearken unto her.Tamar begs Amnon not to send her away now that he has raped her, but Amnon wouldn't listen. Tamar wanted him to marry her, Amnon just flat out wanted sex.
2Sa 13:17 Then he called his servant that ministered unto him, and said, Put now this woman out from me, and bolt the door after her.Amnon has her thrown out by his servants.
2Sa 13:18 And she had a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king's daughters that were virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her.
2Sa 13:19 And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.Tamar runs out crying and instead of hiding what happened, she public displays what went down.
2Sa 13:20 And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon thy brother been with thee? but hold now thy peace, my sister: he is thy brother; regard not this thing. So Tamar remained desolate in her brother Absalom's house.Her brother Absalom consoles her and tells her to remain silent for now.
2Sa 13:21 But when king David heard of all these things, he was very wroth.David found out what happened and was really angry.
2Sa 13:22 And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.David gets mad, but does nothing about what happened. However, Absalom is not going to forget what happened to his sister.
2Sa 13:23 And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baalhazor, which is beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's sons.It has been two years later and everything has cooled down a little, or has it?
2Sa 13:24 And Absalom came to the king, and said, Behold now, thy servant hath sheepshearers; let the king, I beseech thee, and his servants go with thy servant.Absalom invites all the kings sons and the king to the feast.
2Sa 13:25 And the king said to Absalom, Nay, my son, let us not all now go, lest we be chargeable unto thee. And he pressed him: howbeit he would not go, but blessed him.The king refuses because he thinks it would be to much for Absalom to handle all the people.
2Sa 13:26 Then said Absalom, If not, I pray thee, let my brother Amnon go with us. And the king said unto him, Why should he go with thee?Well, how about sending my brother Amnon with the rest of my brothers. Why Amnon? I think David knew something was up.
2Sa 13:27 But Absalom pressed him, that he let Amnon and all the king's sons go with him.The king finally agreed and all the brothers were coming, so Absalom prepared a big feast.
2Sa 13:28 Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.Absalom has a plan to kill Amnon and is willing to take all the blame.
2Sa 13:29 And the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons arose, and every man gat him up upon his mule, and fled.Absalom gave the signal and his servants killed Amnon. All the other brothers fled the scene.
2Sa 13:30 And it came to pass, while they were in the way, that tidings came to David, saying, Absalom hath slain all the king's sons, and there is not one of them left.Sometimes when news spreads to quick, they just get it wrong.
2Sa 13:31 Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.The king is thinking all his sons are dead.
2Sa 13:32 And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose that they have slain all the young men the king's sons; for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar.Jonadab sets the King straight on what had happened.
2Sa 13:33 Now therefore let not my lord the king take the thing to his heart, to think that all the king's sons are dead: for Amnon only is dead.Only Amnon was killed for what he had done to his step sister.
2Sa 13:34 But Absalom fled. And the young man that kept the watch lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came much people by the way of the hill side behind him.Absalom knows he is in trouble now and hits the high road escaping from what David might do.
2Sa 13:35 And Jonadab said unto the king, Behold, the king's sons come: as thy servant said, so it is.
2Sa 13:36 And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of speaking, that, behold, the king's sons came, and lifted up their voice and wept: and the king also and all his servants wept very sore.All the other brothers arrived safely, but were weeping for their brother.
2Sa 13:37 But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day.David mourned for his son Amnon, but Absalom fled to his grandfather Talmai.
2Sa 13:38 So Absalom fled, and went to Geshur, and was there three years.Absalom remained in Geshur for three years.
2Sa 13:39 And the soul of king David longed to go forth unto Absalom: for he was comforted concerning Amnon, seeing he was dead.David gets over the death of Amnon, but now he is concerned for his son Absalom. (I guess time heals all). It also appears that David sees a little of what happened to him in Amnon. David committed Adultery (Amnon raped his sister). David killed Uriah (Absalom killed Amnon). "Like father like son."
2 Samuel 14
2Sa 14:1 Now Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king's heart was toward Absalom. Joab, the nephew of David sees that David longs for Abasalom.
2Sa 14:2 And Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her, I pray thee, feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now mourning apparel, and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that had a long time mourned for the dead:Joab sends for a woman from Tekoa (city near Jerusalem), who had great wisdom. Joab has a plan he thinks will help the king.
2Sa 14:3 And come to the king, and speak on this manner unto him. So Joab put the words in her mouth.Joab tells her a story to tell the king.
2Sa 14:4 And when the woman of Tekoah spake to the king, she fell on her face to the ground, and did obeisance, and said, Help, O king.The woman bows before king David and begs for his help.
2Sa 14:5 And the king said unto her, What aileth thee? And she answered, I am indeed a widow woman, and mine husband is dead.She's about to lay the made up story on the king.
2Sa 14:6 And thy handmaid had two sons, and they two strove together in the field, and there was none to part them, but the one smote the other, and slew him.The story is about one woman's son killing the other brother, son of the same woman.
2Sa 14:7 And, behold, the whole family is risen against thine handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy the heir also: and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my husband neither name nor remainder upon the earth.Now the rest of the family wants to kill the brother (the handmaids son), for killing the other brother. This is the only son left that the handmaid woman had.
2Sa 14:8 And the king said unto the woman, Go to thine house, and I will give charge concerning thee.King David tells the woman from Tekoa not to worry about her handmaids son, no one would touch him.
2Sa 14:9 And the woman of Tekoah said unto the king, My lord, O king, the iniquity be on me, and on my father's house: and the king and his throne be guiltless.The woman is willing to take all the blame if the king is criticized for helping the woman.
2Sa 14:10 And the king said, Whosoever saith ought unto thee, bring him to me, and he shall not touch thee any more.The king assures the woman that no one would complain or would face the consequences.
2Sa 14:11 Then said she, I pray thee, let the king remember the LORD thy God, that thou wouldest not suffer the revengers of blood to destroy any more, lest they destroy my son. And he said, As the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of thy son fall to the earth.David swears to the woman that nothing will happen to her handmaidens son.
2Sa 14:12 Then the woman said, Let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak one word unto my lord the king. And he said, Say on.
2Sa 14:13 And the woman said, Wherefore then hast thou thought such a thing against the people of God? for the king doth speak this thing as one which is faulty, in that the king doth not fetch home again his banished.The point being is that David should show his own son the same compassion as he has shown towards the handmaids son.
2Sa 14:14 For we must needs die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither doth God respect any person: yet doth he devise means, that his banished be not expelled from him.We will all die, and sometimes it is to late to reconcile to people we love.
2Sa 14:15 Now therefore that I am come to speak of this thing unto my lord the king, it is because the people have made me afraid: and thy handmaid said, I will now speak unto the king; it may be that the king will perform the request of his handmaid.
2Sa 14:16 For the king will hear, to deliver his handmaid out of the hand of the man that would destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God.
2Sa 14:17 Then thine handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God, so is my lord the king to discern good and bad: therefore the LORD thy God will be with thee.I think David is getting the picture that this was a story intended for him to understand.
2Sa 14:18 Then the king answered and said unto the woman, Hide not from me, I pray thee, the thing that I shall ask thee. And the woman said, Let my lord the king now speak.
2Sa 14:19 And the king said, Is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this? And the woman answered and said, As thy soul liveth, my lord the king, none can turn to the right hand or to the left from ought that my lord the king hath spoken: for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of thine handmaid:The King now realizes that Joab had made up the story that was told to him and the woman admits it.
2Sa 14:20 To fetch about this form of speech hath thy servant Joab done this thing: and my lord is wise, according to the wisdom of an angel of God, to know all things that are in the earth.David gets the meaning of the story and the woman tells him this was like his matter, but in a different way.
2Sa 14:21 And the king said unto Joab, Behold now, I have done this thing: go therefore, bring the young man Absalom again.David calls for Joab and tells him; alright, I get it, go bring back Absalom.
2Sa 14:22 And Joab fell to the ground on his face, and bowed himself, and thanked the king: and Joab said, To day thy servant knoweth that I have found grace in thy sight, my lord, O king, in that the king hath fulfilled the request of his servant.
2Sa 14:23 So Joab arose and went to Geshur, and brought Absalom to Jerusalem.Joab goes to bring back Absalom.
2Sa 14:24 And the king said, Let him turn to his own house, and let him not see my face. So Absalom returned to his own house, and saw not the king's face.However, Absalom was to go to his house, but must never come into the presence of the king.
2Sa 14:25 But in all Israel there was none to be so much praised as Absalom for his beauty: from the sole of his foot even to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him.Absalom was praised by the people as the most handsome man in all Israel.
2Sa 14:26 And when he polled his head, (for it was at every year's end that he polled it: because the hair was heavy on him, therefore he polled it:) he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels after the king's weight.What's with all the hair? "Seems like more trouble coming."
2Sa 14:27 And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance.Absalom had three sons and a beautiful daughter named Tamar.
2Sa 14:28 So Absalom dwelt two full years in Jerusalem, and saw not the king's face.About five years all together that Absalom had not seen King David.
2Sa 14:29 Therefore Absalom sent for Joab, to have sent him to the king; but he would not come to him: and when he sent again the second time, he would not come.Absalom sends for Joab to talk to the king for him, but he refused.
2Sa 14:30 Therefore he said unto his servants, See, Joab's field is near mine, and he hath barley there; go and set it on fire. And Absalom's servants set the field on fire.Trying to get Joab's attention.
2Sa 14:31 Then Joab arose, and came to Absalom unto his house, and said unto him, Wherefore have thy servants set my field on fire?Joab confronts Absalom for setting the fire.
2Sa 14:32 And Absalom answered Joab, Behold, I sent unto thee, saying, Come hither, that I may send thee to the king, to say, Wherefore am I come from Geshur? it had been good for me to have been there still: now therefore let me see the king's face; and if there be any iniquity in me, let him kill me.Absalom can't figure out why the king sent for him and would not see him. He figures he should have stayed where he was.
2Sa 14:33 So Joab came to the king, and told him: and when he had called for Absalom, he came to the king, and bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king: and the king kissed Absalom.Joab tells the king what Absalom said and summoned Absalom, who came and bowed before the king. Their relationship restored for now, but lets see what happens later.
2 Samuel 15
2Sa 15:1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him. Now that Absalom is back in the good graces of king David, he buys a chariot and hires fifty body guards. Could this be for protection, or is he on the campaign trail for king.
2Sa 15:2 And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate: and it was so, that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said, Of what city art thou? And he said, Thy servant is of one of the tribes of Israel.He would go out and greet the people who would bring their case to the king and find out where they were from.
2Sa 15:3 And Absalom said unto him, See, thy matters are good and right; but there is no man deputed of the king to hear thee.
2Sa 15:4 Absalom said moreover, Oh that I were made judge in the land, that every man which hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him justice!Sounds like he is campaigning for king to me.
2Sa 15:5 And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him.Greets the people with a kiss. (Beware of being greeted with a kiss, it didn't turn out good for Jesus).
2Sa 15:6 And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel.Absalom greeted everyone who came to the king with a problem and the people loved it.
2Sa 15:7 And it came to pass after forty years, that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow, which I have vowed unto the LORD, in Hebron.This would be during the last of David's years.
2Sa 15:8 For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If the LORD shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve the LORD.Absalom has something planed in Hebron.
2Sa 15:9 And the king said unto him, Go in peace. So he arose, and went to Hebron.The king grants his request.
2Sa 15:10 But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron.Absalom makes Hebron his main campaign quarters. Here he tries to stir up trouble against the king. His message? He wants the people to say he has been crowned king.
2Sa 15:11 And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were called; and they went in their simplicity, and they knew not any thing.Absalom takes 200 men from Jerusalem (probably leaders and elders), who knew nothing of his plot against the king.
2Sa 15:12 And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.He sends for others to join him in his conspiracy and it gained momentum.
2Sa 15:13 And there came a messenger to David, saying, The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom.The news finally hits the king about Absalom and the conspiracy against him to take the throne.
2Sa 15:14 And David said unto all his servants that were with him at Jerusalem, Arise, and let us flee; for we shall not else escape from Absalom: make speed to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly, and bring evil upon us, and smite the city with the edge of the sword.David wants to make sure that if their is a battle ahead, that it won't be in the city of Jerusalem.
2Sa 15:15 And the king's servants said unto the king, Behold, thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint.
2Sa 15:16 And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house.King David and his family left the city.
2Sa 15:17 And the king went forth, and all the people after him, and tarried in a place that was far off.
2Sa 15:18 And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.The 600 men from Gath led the way along with the kings bodyguard.
2Sa 15:19 Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite, Wherefore goest thou also with us? return to thy place, and abide with the king: for thou art a stranger, and also an exile.The king tells Ittai (leader of the men of Gath), your a guest in Jerusalem, no need for you to run.
2Sa 15:20 Whereas thou camest but yesterday, should I this day make thee go up and down with us? seeing I go whither I may, return thou, and take back thy brethren: mercy and truth be with thee.
2Sa 15:21 And Ittai answered the king, and said, As the LORD liveth, and as my lord the king liveth, surely in what place my lord the king shall be, whether in death or life, even there also will thy servant be.David encourages Ittai to stay in Jerusalem, but he vows to stay with the king. (A very loyal leader).
2Sa 15:22 And David said to Ittai, Go and pass over. And Ittai the Gittite passed over, and all his men, and all the little ones that were with him.
2Sa 15:23 And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.They head out and cross the Kidron Valley toward the wilderness, up the Mount of Olives and towards the Jordan River Valley.
2Sa 15:24 And lo Zadok also, and all the Levites were with him, bearing the ark of the covenant of God: and they set down the ark of God; and Abiathar went up, until all the people had done passing out of the city.Zadok and the Levite priests show up carrying the Ark of The Covenant of God. It was set down till everyone who left the city passed by it.
2Sa 15:25 And the king said unto Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I shall find favour in the eyes of the LORD, he will bring me again, and shew me both it, and his habitation:David instructs Zadok to take the Ark back into the city. He would return if the Lord wills to see the Ark again.
2Sa 15:26 But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee; behold, here am I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto him.David may be feeling a little guilty about something here. He leaves what will happen to him in the hands of the Lord.
2Sa 15:27 The king said also unto Zadok the priest, Art not thou a seer? return into the city in peace, and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar.The King has a plan that he is discussing with Zadok.
2Sa 15:28 See, I will tarry in the plain of the wilderness, until there come word from you to certify me.Zadok will be David's ears to see what is going on in Jerusalem. Zadok also hears things from the Lord about David so David knows what the Lord wants from him.
2Sa 15:29 Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem: and they tarried there.They return to the city with the Ark of God.
2Sa 15:30 And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.All feeling kind of down as they head up the mount of Olives, covering thei heads and weeping as they climb the hill.
2Sa 15:31 And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O LORD, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness.Ahithopel, who was now backing Abasolom, was David's close friend and advisor. David prays that the Lord will make Ahithopel give Abasolom foolish advice as counselor.
2Sa 15:32 And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head:David meets up with Hushai the Arkite (another friend and advisor), who was morning and waiting for him to arrive.
2Sa 15:33 Unto whom David said, If thou passest on with me, then thou shalt be a burden unto me:David has another plan.
2Sa 15:34 But if thou return to the city, and say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, O king; as I have been thy father's servant hitherto, so will I now also be thy servant: then mayest thou for me defeat the counsel of Ahithophel.He wants Hushai to join Absalom as an advisor so he can counter any of Ahithopel's advice.
2Sa 15:35 And hast thou not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests? therefore it shall be, that what thing soever thou shalt hear out of the king's house, thou shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests.Hook up with Zadok and Abiathar the priest and tell them about the plans being made in the kings palace.
2Sa 15:36 Behold, they have there with them their two sons, Ahimaaz Zadok's son, and Jonathan Abiathar's son; and by them ye shall send unto me every thing that ye can hear.They will send their sons to keep me informed about what's going on.
2Sa 15:37 So Hushai David's friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.Perfect timing for Hushai to arrive in Jerusalem just as Absalom arrived. Now the plan is in play, if the Lord wills. David's prayers to the Heavenly Father may have been answered. (God is always in control).
2 Samuel 16
2Sa 16:1 And when David was a little past the top of the hill, behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a couple of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred loaves of bread, and an hundred bunches of raisins, and an hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle of wine. Ziba (one of Saul's servants), was the one who took care of Saul's grandson Mephibosheth. (2 Samuel 9:9-12).
2Sa 16:2 And the king said unto Ziba, What meanest thou by these? And Ziba said, The asses be for the king's household to ride on; and the bread and summer fruit for the young men to eat; and the wine, that such as be faint in the wilderness may drink.Ziba showed up at a good time when David was exiting Jerusalem. He brings him some supplies for him and his men.
2Sa 16:3 And the king said, And where is thy master's son? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he abideth at Jerusalem: for he said, To day shall the house of Israel restore me the kingdom of my father.Ziba tells David, Mephibosheth stayed in Jerusalem and thinks now that you are gone he will get back the kingdom of Saul.
2Sa 16:4 Then said the king to Ziba, Behold, thine are all that pertained unto Mephibosheth. And Ziba said, I humbly beseech thee that I may find grace in thy sight, my lord, O king.When the king hears what Ziba had to say about Mephibosheth, he gives everything owned by Mephibosheth to Ziba. The only problem here is that we only hear one side of the story. Is it true or not? (Proverbs 18:17).
2Sa 16:5 And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came.Here comes trouble from Shimei (son of Gera), from the same clan as Saul's family.
2Sa 16:6 And he cast stones at David, and at all the servants of king David: and all the people and all the mighty men were on his right hand and on his left.He was a stone thrower.
2Sa 16:7 And thus said Shimei when he cursed, Come out, come out, thou bloody man, and thou man of Belial:Calls king David a murderer!
2Sa 16:8 The LORD hath returned upon thee all the blood of the house of Saul, in whose stead thou hast reigned; and the LORD hath delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom thy son: and, behold, thou art taken in thy mischief, because thou art a bloody man.Cursing David that the Lord is paying him back for bloodshed in Saul's clan.
2Sa 16:9 Then said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the king, Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? let me go over, I pray thee, and take off his head.Abishai (one of David's nephews), hears enough and wants to go over and cut off his head.
2Sa 16:10 And the king said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? so let him curse, because the LORD hath said unto him, Curse David. Who shall then say, Wherefore hast thou done so?"No!" No one asked your opinion. If the Lord told him to curse me, let him be.
2Sa 16:11 And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life: how much more now may this Benjamite do it? let him alone, and let him curse; for the LORD hath bidden him.David tells Abishai and all the servants that his own son wants to kill him, this relative of Saul has even more reason to do so. Leave him be, for the Lord sent him to curse at me. (David feeling a little guilty here and remembers his sin).
2Sa 16:12 It may be that the LORD will look on mine affliction, and that the LORD will requite me good for his cursing this day.
2Sa 16:13 And as David and his men went by the way, Shimei went along on the hill's side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.Shimei keeps up with the cursing and throwing stones at David.
2Sa 16:14 And the king, and all the people that were with him, came weary, and refreshed themselves there.Now that they reached the Jordan river, it was time to rest.
2Sa 16:15 And Absalom, and all the people the men of Israel, came to Jerusalem, and Ahithophel with him.
2Sa 16:16 And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David's friend, was come unto Absalom, that Hushai said unto Absalom, God save the king, God save the king.Hushai meets up with Absalom. "Long live the king!"
2Sa 16:17 And Absalom said to Hushai, Is this thy kindness to thy friend? why wentest thou not with thy friend?Is this how you treat David Absalom asked? Isn't he your friend?
2Sa 16:18 And Hushai said unto Absalom, Nay; but whom the LORD, and this people, and all the men of Israel, choose, his will I be, and with him will I abide.I belong to the man chosen by the Lord and the men of Israel.
2Sa 16:19 And again, whom should I serve? should I not serve in the presence of his son? as I have served in thy father's presence, so will I be in thy presence.I was your fathers advisor, now I will be yours.
2Sa 16:20 Then said Absalom to Ahithophel, Give counsel among you what we shall do.Hmmm, what should I do next?
2Sa 16:21 And Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Go in unto thy father's concubines, which he hath left to keep the house; and all Israel shall hear that thou art abhorred of thy father: then shall the hands of all that are with thee be strong.Ahithophel tells Absalom, go sleep with your fathers concubines, he left them behind to look after the palace. (An insult to the King).
2Sa 16:22 So they spread Absalom a tent upon the top of the house; and Absalom went in unto his father's concubines in the sight of all Israel.This was a public sex display set up on the palace roof for everyone to see. (Like a modern day porn shoot).
2Sa 16:23 And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counselled in those days, was as if a man had enquired at the oracle of God: so was all the counsel of Ahithophel both with David and with Absalom.Sounded good to Absalom, everyone thought it came directly from God when Ahithopel spoke. Was this prophesied? (2 Samuel 12:11), reap what you sow, sow what you reap. (Galatians 6:7-8).
2 Samuel 17
2Sa 17:1 Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night: Little more advice from Ahithophel.
2Sa 17:2 And I will come upon him while he is weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that are with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only:Wants to chase down David and kill him.
2Sa 17:3 And I will bring back all the people unto thee: the man whom thou seekest is as if all returned: so all the people shall be in peace.Kill the king and bring back the people.
2Sa 17:4 And the saying pleased Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel.Plan sounds good to Absalom. What's with the elders of Israel? This actually pleases them to kill their king. (Very strange people).
2Sa 17:5 Then said Absalom, Call now Hushai the Archite also, and let us hear likewise what he saith.Here comes the guy that David planted to keep eyes on what was going on in Absalom's government.
2Sa 17:6 And when Hushai was come to Absalom, Absalom spake unto him, saying, Ahithophel hath spoken after this manner: shall we do after his saying? if not; speak thou.Wants to know what Hushai thinks about attacking David.
2Sa 17:7 And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel that Ahithophel hath given is not good at this time.Ahithophel made a mistake this time.
2Sa 17:8 For, said Hushai, thou knowest thy father and his men, that they be mighty men, and they be chafed in their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps in the field: and thy father is a man of war, and will not lodge with the people.Hushai tells Absalom just the opposite of what Ahithophel told him. "Don't mess with him now."
2Sa 17:9 Behold, he is hid now in some pit, or in some other place: and it will come to pass, when some of them be overthrown at the first, that whosoever heareth it will say, There is a slaughter among the people that follow Absalom.Hushai plays it up real good to discourage Abasalom.
2Sa 17:10 And he also that is valiant, whose heart is as the heart of a lion, shall utterly melt: for all Israel knoweth that thy father is a mighty man, and they which be with him are valiant men.He spreads a little fear in Abasalom about how courageous David's men are.
2Sa 17:11 Therefore I counsel that all Israel be generally gathered unto thee, from Dan even to Beersheba, as the sand that is by the sea for multitude; and that thou go to battle in thine own person.Hushai plays it up real good and tells Abasalom to gather a huge army and lead it himself to defeat David. (Playing on his pride).
2Sa 17:12 So shall we come upon him in some place where he shall be found, and we will light upon him as the dew falleth on the ground: and of him and of all the men that are with him there shall not be left so much as one.This all sounds good to Absalom.
2Sa 17:13 Moreover, if he be gotten into a city, then shall all Israel bring ropes to that city, and we will draw it into the river, until there be not one small stone found there.
2Sa 17:14 And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel. For the LORD had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the intent that the LORD might bring evil upon Absalom.They like Hushai's advice and are going with it rather than the advice from Ahithophel. "God in control answering David's prayer." (2 Samuel 15:31).
2Sa 17:15 Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counselled.Hushai sends Zadok and Abiathar to tell David of the two plans and the one he suggested sounded good to Absalom. However, Absalom could change his mind, so be prepared.
2Sa 17:16 Now therefore send quickly, and tell David, saying, Lodge not this night in the plains of the wilderness, but speedily pass over; lest the king be swallowed up, and all the people that are with him.Hushai suggests that David cross the Jordan and into the wilderness.
2Sa 17:17 Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed by Enrogel; for they might not be seen to come into the city: and a wench went and told them; and they went and told king David.Jonathan and Ahimaaz were staying on the outskirts of the city to avoid being seen by Absalom's people.
2Sa 17:18 Nevertheless a lad saw them, and told Absalom: but they went both of them away quickly, and came to a man's house in Bahurim, which had a well in his court; whither they went down.They were spotted and Absalom was told about them. They escaped and were hidden by a man inside a well in his courtyard.
2Sa 17:19 And the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known.Kind of a scary place to hide.
2Sa 17:20 And when Absalom's servants came to the woman to the house, they said, Where is Ahimaaz and Jonathan? And the woman said unto them, They be gone over the brook of water. And when they had sought and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem.The woman led the men on a goose chase. Absalom's men returned to Jerusalem without success.
2Sa 17:21 And it came to pass, after they were departed, that they came up out of the well, and went and told king David, and said unto David, Arise, and pass quickly over the water: for thus hath Ahithophel counselled against you.The men escape and return to David with the news.
2Sa 17:22 Then David arose, and all the people that were with him, and they passed over Jordan: by the morning light there lacked not one of them that was not gone over Jordan.David and all the people made it across the Jordan River during the night.
2Sa 17:23 And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.Ahithophel realized that Absalom would be defeated by David taking Hushai's advice, and then David would go after him. He takes the easy way out and hangs himself.
2Sa 17:24 Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.
2Sa 17:25 And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.Joab gets replaced by Amasa to lead Absalom's army.
2Sa 17:26 So Israel and Absalom pitched in the land of Gilead.
2Sa 17:27 And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,David arrives in Mahanai where he would set up his headquarters. Machir was the guy who took care of Jonathan's lame son Mephibosheth. (2 Samuel 9:3-4). Now Machir offers to help David.
2Sa 17:28 Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse,
2Sa 17:29 And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the people that were with him, to eat: for they said, The people is hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.Plenty of food and drink to replenish David and his men.
2 Samuel 18
2Sa 18:1 And David numbered the people that were with him, and set captains of thousands and captains of hundreds over them. David organizes his men and his leaders. David gathered several thousand followers by this time.
2Sa 18:2 And David sent forth a third part of the people under the hand of Joab, and a third part under the hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab's brother, and a third part under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. And the king said unto the people, I will surely go forth with you myself also.Divides the men in three groups led by his most faithfu men, Joab, Abishai, and Ittai.
2Sa 18:3 But the people answered, Thou shalt not go forth: for if we flee away, they will not care for us; neither if half of us die, will they care for us: but now thou art worth ten thousand of us: therefore now it is better that thou succour us out of the city.David wants to join the troops, but they refuse to take him. (If they lose David, they lose everything).
2Sa 18:4 And the king said unto them, What seemeth you best I will do. And the king stood by the gate side, and all the people came out by hundreds and by thousands.David takes their advice and remains behind.
2Sa 18:5 And the king commanded Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with Absalom. And all the people heard when the king gave all the captains charge concerning Absalom.David gives the order not to hurt Absalom. (He's still his son and doesn't want to kill him).
2Sa 18:6 So the people went out into the field against Israel: and the battle was in the wood of Ephraim;The battle is on!
2Sa 18:7 Where the people of Israel were slain before the servants of David, and there was there a great slaughter that day of twenty thousand men.David was outnumbered but his men knew how to fight, and the Israelite troops were beaten back. It was a real slaughter that day in favor of David and his warriors.
2Sa 18:8 For the battle was there scattered over the face of all the country: and the wood devoured more people that day than the sword devoured.Absalom's men fled to the forest at a disadvantage. (I guess they were not woodsmen).
2Sa 18:9 And Absalom met the servants of David. And Absalom rode upon a mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak, and he was taken up between the heaven and the earth; and the mule that was under him went away.Long haired country boy Absalom was not. As he tries to escape David's men in the woods on a mule, he gets hung up on a tree branch by his long hair and the mule keeps going. (Talk about hanging out in the woods).
2Sa 18:10 And a certain man saw it, and told Joab, and said, Behold, I saw Absalom hanged in an oak.This must have been hard for the man to keep a straight face when he tells Joab that Absalom was dangling from a tree.
2Sa 18:11 And Joab said unto the man that told him, And, behold, thou sawest him, and why didst thou not smite him there to the ground? and I would have given thee ten shekels of silver, and a girdle.Joab takes it a little more serious; "why didn't you kill him?" I would have rewarded you and made you a hero.
2Sa 18:12 And the man said unto Joab, Though I should receive a thousand shekels of silver in mine hand, yet would I not put forth mine hand against the king's son: for in our hearing the king charged thee and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Beware that none touch the young man Absalom.
2Sa 18:13 Otherwise I should have wrought falsehood against mine own life: for there is no matter hid from the king, and thou thyself wouldest have set thyself against me.No way this guy says; remember the kings order not to kill his son. "You would have been the first to abandon me."
2Sa 18:14 Then said Joab, I may not tarry thus with thee. And he took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through the heart of Absalom, while he was yet alive in the midst of the oak.Joab says enough of this! He plunges three daggers into Absalom's heart and he dangled from the tree alive.
2Sa 18:15 And ten young men that bare Joab's armour compassed about and smote Absalom, and slew him.Ten of Joab's men finish off the job and kill Absalom. (Now we have eleven involved in going against the kings order).
2Sa 18:16 And Joab blew the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing after Israel: for Joab held back the people.Joab stops the army with a sound of the rams hown.
2Sa 18:17 And they took Absalom, and cast him into a great pit in the wood, and laid a very great heap of stones upon him: and all Israel fled every one to his tent.Buried in a pit covered with stones. (Absalom always wanted a monument).
2Sa 18:18 Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and reared up for himself a pillar, which is in the king's dale: for he said, I have no son to keep my name in remembrance: and he called the pillar after his own name: and it is called unto this day, Absalom's place.Earlier on Absalom had built a monument to himself and even gave it his name. Talk about a puffed up head. Know any people like that? "It's all about themselves."
2Sa 18:19 Then said Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, Let me now run, and bear the king tidings, how that the LORD hath avenged him of his enemies.This guy wants to spill the beans to the king.
2Sa 18:20 And Joab said unto him, Thou shalt not bear tidings this day, but thou shalt bear tidings another day: but this day thou shalt bear no tidings, because the king's son is dead.Not a good message to give to the king about his son being killed.
2Sa 18:21 Then said Joab to Cushi, Go tell the king what thou hast seen. And Cushi bowed himself unto Joab, and ran.Joab sends Cushi to tell king David what he had seen.
2Sa 18:22 Then said Ahimaaz the son of Zadok yet again to Joab, But howsoever, let me, I pray thee, also run after Cushi. And Joab said, Wherefore wilt thou run, my son, seeing that thou hast no tidings ready?Ahimaaz doesn't know the whole story.
2Sa 18:23 But howsoever, said he, let me run. And he said unto him, Run. Then Ahimaaz ran by the way of the plain, and overran Cushi.Joab finally lets Ahimaaz go to the king with the news and he cuts out ahead of Cushi.
2Sa 18:24 And David sat between the two gates: and the watchman went up to the roof over the gate unto the wall, and lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold a man running alone.
2Sa 18:25 And the watchman cried, and told the king. And the king said, If he be alone, there is tidings in his mouth. And he came apace, and drew near.Here comes the first messenger. (Probably Ahimaaz).
2Sa 18:26 And the watchman saw another man running: and the watchman called unto the porter, and said, Behold another man running alone. And the king said, He also bringeth tidings.Here comes the second messenger.
2Sa 18:27 And the watchman said, Me thinketh the running of the foremost is like the running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok. And the king said, He is a good man, and cometh with good tidings.
2Sa 18:28 And Ahimaaz called, and said unto the king, All is well. And he fell down to the earth upon his face before the king, and said, Blessed be the LORD thy God, which hath delivered up the men that lifted up their hand against my lord the king.Ahimaaz gives the king part of the good news.
2Sa 18:29 And the king said, Is the young man Absalom safe? And Ahimaaz answered, When Joab sent the king's servant, and me thy servant, I saw a great tumult, but I knew not what it was.Ahimaaz only knows that the war was over and David's men won the battle.
2Sa 18:30 And the king said unto him, Turn aside, and stand here. And he turned aside, and stood still.
2Sa 18:31 And, behold, Cushi came; and Cushi said, Tidings, my lord the king: for the LORD hath avenged thee this day of all them that rose up against thee.
2Sa 18:32 And the king said unto Cushi, Is the young man Absalom safe? And Cushi answered, The enemies of my lord the king, and all that rise against thee to do thee hurt, be as that young man is.i.e. your son Absalom is dead!
2Sa 18:33 And the king was much moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wept: and as he went, thus he said, O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!David was overcome with emotion and went to his room to weep over Absalom's death. What will Joab think?
2 Samuel 19
2Sa 19:1 And it was told Joab, Behold, the king weepeth and mourneth for Absalom.
2Sa 19:2 And the victory that day was turned into mourning unto all the people: for the people heard say that day how the king was grieved for his son.
2Sa 19:3 And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.
2Sa 19:4 But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son! Need to get over it David, your own son tried to kill you.
2Sa 19:5 And Joab came into the house to the king, and said, Thou hast shamed this day the faces of all thy servants, which this day have saved thy life, and the lives of thy sons and of thy daughters, and the lives of thy wives, and the lives of thy concubines;i.e. quit acting like a wimp, you make everyone feel ashamed of themselves.
2Sa 19:6 In that thou lovest thine enemies, and hatest thy friends. For thou hast declared this day, that thou regardest neither princes nor servants: for this day I perceive, that if Absalom had lived, and all we had died this day, then it had pleased thee well.You show love to those who hate you, and hate those who love you. It appears that your commanders and troops mean nothing to you.
2Sa 19:7 Now therefore arise, go forth, and speak comfortably unto thy servants: for I swear by the LORD, if thou go not forth, there will not tarry one with thee this night: and that will be worse unto thee than all the evil that befell thee from thy youth until now.You better greet your men or you may lose them.
2Sa 19:8 Then the king arose, and sat in the gate. And they told unto all the people, saying, Behold, the king doth sit in the gate. And all the people came before the king: for Israel had fled every man to his tent.David finally goes out to take his seat at the town gate. (Get off your but and encourage the people).
2Sa 19:9 And all the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, The king saved us out of the hand of our enemies, and he delivered us out of the hand of the Philistines; and now he is fled out of the land for Absalom.Lot of controversy going on among the people.
2Sa 19:10 And Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in battle. Now therefore why speak ye not a word of bringing the king back?With Absalom dead, why not ask David to become our king.
2Sa 19:11 And king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to bring the king back to his house? seeing the speech of all Israel is come to the king, even to his house.David sends his representatives to see why the people of Judah are the last to welcome David as their king. (They had been unfaithful to David).
2Sa 19:12 Ye are my brethren, ye are my bones and my flesh: wherefore then are ye the last to bring back the king?
2Sa 19:13 And say ye to Amasa, Art thou not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab.
2Sa 19:14 And he bowed the heart of all the men of Judah, even as the heart of one man; so that they sent this word unto the king, Return thou, and all thy servants.Now Amasa was appointed head of the armies by Absalom, now David offers to keep him in charge instead of Joab.
2Sa 19:15 So the king returned, and came to Jordan. And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the king over Jordan.
2Sa 19:16 And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, which was of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David.
2Sa 19:17 And there were a thousand men of Benjamin with him, and Ziba the servant of the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him; and they went over Jordan before the king.
2Sa 19:18 And there went over a ferry boat to carry over the king's household, and to do what he thought good. And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king, as he was come over Jordan;Shimei was one of those who was against David when he was fleeing from Absalom. Now he wants to greet David.
2Sa 19:19 And said unto the king, Let not my lord impute iniquity unto me, neither do thou remember that which thy servant did perversely the day that my lord the king went out of Jerusalem, that the king should take it to his heart.Shimei begs for forgiveness.
2Sa 19:20 For thy servant doth know that I have sinned: therefore, behold, I am come the first this day of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king.
2Sa 19:21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the LORD'S anointed?Abishai says Shimei shoud die for cursing the king!
2Sa 19:22 And David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I am this day king over Israel?Its time to party, "I am king over Israel," lets not talk of killing people.
2Sa 19:23 Therefore the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him.David spares Shimei's life.
2Sa 19:24 And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came again in peace.
2Sa 19:25 And it came to pass, when he was come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said unto him, Wherefore wentest not thou with me, Mephibosheth?
2Sa 19:26 And he answered, My lord, O king, my servant deceived me: for thy servant said, I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride thereon, and go to the king; because thy servant is lame.
2Sa 19:27 And he hath slandered thy servant unto my lord the king; but my lord the king is as an angel of God: do therefore what is good in thine eyes.
2Sa 19:28 For all of my father's house were but dead men before my lord the king: yet didst thou set thy servant among them that did eat at thine own table. What right therefore have I yet to cry any more unto the king?
2Sa 19:29 And the king said unto him, Why speakest thou any more of thy matters? I have said, Thou and Ziba divide the land.David hears both stories and cannot tell who is telling the truth, so he splits the estate between the two men. (Ziba and Mephibosheth).
2Sa 19:30 And Mephibosheth said unto the king, Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is come again in peace unto his own house.Mephibosheth is willing to give it all up. Hmmm, who do we believe?
2Sa 19:31 And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim, and went over Jordan with the king, to conduct him over Jordan.Barzillai was one who helped David when he was in need.
2Sa 19:32 Now Barzillai was a very aged man, even fourscore years old: and he had provided the king of sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim; for he was a very great man.Very wealthy man.
2Sa 19:33 And the king said unto Barzillai, Come thou over with me, and I will feed thee with me in Jerusalem.David offers to take care of Barzillai as he was old in age.
2Sa 19:34 And Barzillai said unto the king, How long have I to live, that I should go up with the king unto Jerusalem?
2Sa 19:35 I am this day fourscore years old: and can I discern between good and evil? can thy servant taste what I eat or what I drink? can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? wherefore then should thy servant be yet a burden unto my lord the king?
2Sa 19:36 Thy servant will go a little way over Jordan with the king: and why should the king recompense it me with such a reward?
2Sa 19:37 Let thy servant, I pray thee, turn back again, that I may die in mine own city, and be buried by the grave of my father and of my mother. But behold thy servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the king; and do to him what shall seem good unto thee.Barzillai offers his son to go with the king.
2Sa 19:38 And the king answered, Chimham shall go over with me, and I will do to him that which shall seem good unto thee: and whatsoever thou shalt require of me, that will I do for thee.David agrees to take Chimham (son of Barzillai), with him.
2Sa 19:39 And all the people went over Jordan. And when the king was come over, the king kissed Barzillai, and blessed him; and he returned unto his own place.Barzillai did make it across the Jordan with the king, but then returned home.
2Sa 19:40 Then the king went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on with him: and all the people of Judah conducted the king, and also half the people of Israel.
2Sa 19:41 And, behold, all the men of Israel came to the king, and said unto the king, Why have our brethren the men of Judah stolen thee away, and have brought the king, and his household, and all David's men with him, over Jordan?Now we hear from the complainers.
2Sa 19:42 And all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, Because the king is near of kin to us: wherefore then be ye angry for this matter? have we eaten at all of the king's cost? or hath he given us any gift?
2Sa 19:43 And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more right in David than ye: why then did ye despise us, that our advice should not be first had in bringing back our king? And the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.The argument continued between the men of Judah and the men of Israel. Before they wanted to kill David and follow Absalom, now they are arguing over who should have claim to David. Whatever value or respect the men of Israel at this time professed for their king, they would not have quarrelled so fiercely about their own credit and interest in recalling him, if they had been truly sorry for their former rebellion. (James 1:20).
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