Book of Esther
Esther (a star), the Persian name Hadassah (myrtle). Myrtles meaning the
righteous prophets. (Zechariah 1:8). The book of Esther takes place during the
Persia rule (539 B.C.-331 B.C.). The story of Esther, as given in the book
bearing her name, is as follows: The King of Persia, Ahasuerus, had deposed his
queen Vashti because she refused, during a festival, to show at his command her
charms before the assembled princes of the realm (Esther 1:10). Many beautiful
maidens were then brought before the king in order that he might choose a
successor to the unruly Vashti. He selected Esther as by far the most comely.
The heroine is represented as an orphan daughter of the tribe of Benjamin, who
had spent her life among the Jewish exiles in Persia (Esther 2:5), where she
lived under the protection of her cousin Mordecai. The grand vizier, Haman the
Agagite, commanded Mordecai to do obeisance to him. Upon Mordecai's refusal to
prostrate himself, Haman informed the king that the Jews were a useless and
turbulent people and inclined to disloyalty, and he promised to pay 10,000
silver talents into the royal treasury for the permission to pillage and
exterminate this alien race. The king then issued a proclamation ordering the
confiscation of Jewish property and a general extermination of all the Jews
within the empire. Haman set by lot the day for this outrage (Esther 3:6), but
Mordecai persuaded Esther to undertake the deliverance of her compatriots.
Est 1:1 Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:). Ahasuerus: Prideaux has shewn satisfactorily that Ahasuerus was the Artaxerxes Longimanus of the Greeks, agreeably to the Septuagint and Josephus. (Ezra 4:6, 6:14, Daniel 9:1). King Xerxes (a pagan man), reigned over 127 provinces from India to Ethiopia.
Est 1:2 That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace, He ruled his empire from his royal throne at the palace, or fortress (Nehemiah 1:1), of Susa. Shushan: Now, the ruins of Susa, on the river Shapur, east of the Persian Gulf.
Est 1:3 In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him: He brings together for his own purpose a banquet for his nobles, officials, and military officers of Persia and Media, as well as the princes and nobles of the provinces. (This was six years after the destruction of Jerusalem, around 471 B.C.). During this moment of peace and celebration, in the background, King Xerex (Ahasuerus), was preparing his expedition against Greece to expand his empire.
Est 1:4 When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days. The celebration lasted 180 days.
Est 1:5 And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace; After a six month feast, Ahasuerus gave a banquet for all the people who were in the fortress of Susa. (It lasted seven days).
Est 1:6 Where were white, green, and blue, hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the beds were of gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble. The beds: These were couches, covered with gold and silver cloth, on which the guests reclined; for the Orientals do not sit, but recline at their meals.
Est 1:7 And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king. Quite a party going on here for the people.
Est 1:8 And the drinking was according to the law; none did compel: for so the king had appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to every man's pleasure. None did compel: Every person drank what he pleased. However, Among the Greeks, each guest was obliged to keep the round, or leave the company. (Drink or be gone).
Est 1:9 Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus. Just as Ahasuerus hosted the party for the men, Queen Vashti gave a banquet for the woman in the royal palace.
Est 1:10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king. Aerxes was feeling pretty good here after a seven day high on wine and told his attendants to go and get the queen.
Est 1:11 To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on. He wanted to show her off to the other men present. (She was a real beauty).
Est 1:12 But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him. The queen Vashti refused to come at his command. Some say that the queen refused because the king sent the servants instead of the nobles. Some say the king wanted her to wear just the crown to show her beauty. Either way, the queen did not want to be humiliated in front of a bunch of drunken men. (This made the king very angry).
Est 1:13 Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the king's manner toward all that knew law and judgment: Now the king is going to consult with his advisors about what happened with the queens refusal.
Est 1:14 And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;). Here comes the seven nobles of Persia and Media. They met with the king on a regular basis and held the highest position in the empire.
Est 1:15 What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains? What does the law say, and what is the penalty for a queen who refused to obey the king's order?
Est 1:16 And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus. One answered the king, "Queen Vashti not only wronged you, but also the noble and citizen throughout your empire." This reasoning was inconsequent and false. Vashti had not generally disobeyed the king, therefore she could be no precedent for the general conduct of the Persian women. She disobeyed only in one particular; and this, to serve a purpose, Memucan draws into a general consequence, and the rest came into the conclusion, being either too intoxicated to be able to discern right from wrong, or too intent on reducing women to a state of vassalage, to neglect the present favorable opportunity.
Est 1:17 For this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not. Part of the reasoning was that if the king permitted this, women everywhere will begin to despise their husbands when they learn Queen Vashti refused to appear before the king. (Perhaps they feared the beginning of women's lib). I prefer the Apostle Paul's advice: Nevertheless
let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself; and the
wife see that she reverence her husband. (Ephesians 5:33). A man must love his wife
as a part of himself; and the wife should respect and love her husband.
Est 1:18 Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king's princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus shall there arise too much contempt and wrath. Ladies = Princesses. Because of what the Queen had done, they will all start to treat their husbands the same way. i.e. Queen Vashti was setting a bad example for all the wives.
Est 1:19 If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she. They wanted the King to issue a written decree (a law of the Persians and Medes that cannot be revoked), to banish the Queen and choose another more worthy than she was. (Daniel 6:8). Let it be inserted among the permanent laws, and be made a part of the constitution of the empire. The Persians seem to have affected such a degree of wisdom in the construction of their laws, that they never could be amended, and should never be repealed; and this formed the ground of the saying, "The laws of the Medes and Persians that change not."
Est 1:20 And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small. When the decree is published, husbands everywhere will receive proper respect from their wives. (Ephesians 5:33, Colossians 3:18). The apostle Peter spoke on this subject: Likewise,
ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word,
they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives. (1 Peter 3:1).
Accept the authority of your husband as head of the house if he is a godly
person, but don't listen to a fool. Your godly lives will speak to others
without words and they will be won over to the Lord. One should never prevent
the other from studying the Word of God. While
they behold your chaste conversation coupled with fear. (1 Peter 3:2). They can see your
innocence by your pure and reverent lives. Whose
adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of
wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel. (1 Peter 3:3). Don't be concerned with
your outward beauty and dress like a pimp or harlot. (It draws attention in the wrong way). Moderation is the key in
your outward appearance. But
let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even
the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great
price. (1 Peter 3:4). Clothe yourself with the beauty of the spirit within. This is what
is important to God. For
after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God,
adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their own husbands. (1 Peter 3:5). The
women of old made themselves beautiful in this way. They trusted God and
accepted authority of their husbands. Even
as Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: whose daughters ye are, as long as ye
do well, and are not afraid with any amazement. (1 Peter 3:6). Do right in the Lord and
you don't need to worry about what your husband might do. Don't panic over
trivial things that can break up a relationship. Likewise,
ye husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honour unto the
wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of
life; that your prayers be not hindered. (1 Peter 3:7). Husbands should also give honor
to their wives and treat them with understanding. She is your equal partner in
God's gift of new life.
Est 1:21 And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the word of Memucan: The king went along with Memucan's counsel.
Est 1:22 For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that it should be published according to the language of every people. That every man: Both the law of God and common sense taught this from the foundation of the world; and this parade of enactment was only to deprive Queen Vashti of her crown. (Ephesians 5:22-24, 1 Timothy 2:12, Titus 2:4-5).
After these things, when the wrath of king Ahasuerus was appeased, he remembered
Vashti, and what she had done, and what was decreed against her.
In the seventh year of Ahasuerus. (Around 467 B.C.), after his anger subsided,
he began to think about Vashti and the decree he made.
Then said the king's servants that ministered unto him, Let there be fair young
virgins sought for the king: The kings personal
attendants suggest a new virgin wife for the king. (They didn't want Vashti back
on fear of death by her).
And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom, that they
may gather together all the fair young virgins unto Shushan the palace, to the
house of the women, unto the custody of Hege the king's chamberlain, keeper of
the women; and let their things for purification be given them:
This was the usual way in which the
harem, or seraglio, was furnished;
the finest women in the land, whether of high or low birth, were sought out and
brought to the harem. They all became the king's concubines; but one was raised
as chief wife, or sultana, to the throne; and her issue was especially entitled
And let the maiden which pleaseth the king be queen instead of Vashti. And the
thing pleased the king; and he did so. Find the
young woman who best pleases the king and make her queen. (Sounds good to the
Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was
Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite;
Jew: The contrast between Judah and Israel was lost in a strange land; and, as
Nebuchadnezzar's campaign was against Judah, so "Jew" became the name used by
Gentiles. Mordecai: (Son of Jair), from the tribe of Benjamin, a descendant of
Kish and Shimei. (From the line of King Saul).
Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity which had been
carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of
Babylon had carried away. The family of Kish were
among those who with King Jehoiachin of Judah, had been exiled from Jerusalem to
Babylon by King Nebuchadnezzar.
And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's daughter: for
she had neither father nor mother, and the maid was
fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took
for his own daughter. Mordecai had a very beautiful
young cousin that he raised when her mother and father died. Her Hebrew name was
Hadassah (myrtle). Better know to us as Esther, a "Persian name" (meaning star,
or hidden), because she was hidden in her guardians house.
So it came to pass, when the king's commandment and his decree was heard, and
when many maidens were gathered together unto Shushan the palace, to the custody
of Hegai, that Esther was brought also unto the king's house, to the custody of
Hegai, keeper of the women. Now all the young women
were brought to the king's harem at the fortress of Susa in Hegai's care.
"Esther was among them."
And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him; and he speedily
gave her her things for purification, with such things as belonged to her, and
seven maidens, which were meet to be given her, out of the king's house:
and he preferred her and her maids unto the best place
of the house of the women. Hegai was impressed with
Esther and treated her kindly. He gave her the royal treatment, assigned her
seven maids from the king's palace, and moved her into the best place in the
harem. Hegai, was probably influenced by Mordecai, but overall, "this was divine
intervention by God."
Esther had not shewed her people nor her kindred: for Mordecai had charged her
that she should not shew it.
Here we will see a little wisdom from Mordecai. Even though he was a Jew, he
didn't want anyone to think Esther was a Jew. He told Esther not to reveal her
family background. (a least not yet). Esther obeyed Mordecai. (Esther 2:20).
And Mordecai walked every day before the court of the women's house, to know how
Esther did, and what should become of her. Just
keeping an eye on Esther.
Now when every maid's turn was come to go in to king Ahasuerus, after that she
had been twelve months, according to the manner of the women, (for so were the
days of their purifications accomplished, to wit, six months with oil of
myrrh, and six months with sweet odours, and with other
things for the purifying of the women;). These woman
were given the ultimate spa treatment in preparation for the king. (Today we
call it getting all dolled up).
Then thus came every
maiden unto the king; whatsoever she desired was given her to go with her out of
the house of the women unto the king's house. They
were permitted to pick their own clothing and jewelry.
In the evening she went, and on the morrow she returned into the second house of
the women, to the custody of Shaashgaz, the king's chamberlain, which kept the
concubines: she came in unto the king no more, except the king delighted in her,
and that she were called by name. i.e. The king
slept with each woman, and the next day they were brought to Shaashgaz, who was
in charge of the king's concubines. The woman would never see the king again
unless he really liked her and requested her by name. (Don't get to excited
guys; keep in mind that this is a pagan society of the Persians, and not
something we should be practicing, or even thinking about).
Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordecai, who
had taken her for his daughter, was come to go in unto the king, she required
nothing but what Hegai the king's chamberlain, the keeper of the women,
appointed. And Esther obtained favour in the sight of all them that looked upon
her. Esther took the advice from Hegai, and he
helped her with the clothing and jewels to wear. (He knew what worked for the
king). She came out looking beautiful and admired by everyone who saw her.
So Esther was taken unto king Ahasuerus into his house royal in the tenth month,
which is the
month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign.
Esther was taken to the king in early winter. (About four years since he
And the king loved Esther above all the women, and she obtained grace and favour
in his sight more than all the virgins; so that he set the royal crown upon her
head, and made her queen instead of Vashti. It was
love at first site (or maybe lust), but either way, the king was so pleased that
he declared her queen instead of Vashti.
Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes and his servants, even
Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts,
according to the state of the king. The king throws
a huge party for his new bride and queen.
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat
in the king's gate. Mordecai was of the king's
household. This guarded Esther's interests, and enabled him to obtain all
Esther had not yet
shewed her kindred nor her people; as Mordecai had charged her: for Esther did
the commandment of Mordecai, like as when she was brought up with him.
Esther continued to keep her family background and nationality a secret, still
following the directions of Mordecai.
In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, two of the king's
chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, of those which kept the door, were wroth, and
sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus. Two of the
king's eunuchs, Bigthan and Teresh were plotting to kill the king.
And the thing was known to Mordecai, who told it unto Esther the queen;
and Esther certified the king thereof
in Mordecai's name. Mordecai overheard their plans,
and told Queen Esther. She then told the king about it and gave the credit to
And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was found out; therefore they
were both hanged on a tree: and it was written in the book of the chronicles
before the king. An investigation was started and
the charges were found to be true. The two men planning the assassination of the
king were impaled on a sharpened pole.
After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the
Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were
with him. Haman gets promoted, he was the son of
Hammedatha the Agagite. (A descendant of Agag, a ancient king of the Amalekites).
(Numbers 24:7, 1 Samuel 15:8, 1 Samuel 15:33).
And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and
reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai
bowed not, nor did him
reverence. Mordecai refused to bow down and show
respect to Haman. Why? He could not bow to an Amalekite, against whom God had
declared perpetual war. (Exodus 17:16, Deuteronomy 25:19, 1 Samuel 15:3).
Then the king's servants, which were
in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king's
commandment? Remember, Haman was a descendant of
Amalek. For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn that the LORD
will have war with Amalek from generation to generation. (Exodus 17:16).
Amalek = Descendant (Grandson), of Esau. Who would be at
war with the Lord from generation to generation. (Psalm 21:8-11).
Now it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto
them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters would stand: for
he had told them that he was
a Jew. They tried to convince Mordecai to comply,
but he stood his ground. (Mordecai tells them he is a Jew).
And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was
Haman full of wrath. Haman was a filled with wrath
because he did not get his way. (Proverbs 19:19, 27:3-4).
And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him the
people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were
throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even
the people of Mordecai. Once Haman finds out that
Mordecai is a Jew (an ancient enemy of the Amalekites), he not only wants to
kill him, but all the Jews in the empire of Ahasuerus. "Another assault from
Satan." (Psalm 83:4, Revelation 12:12).
In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king
Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day,
and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is,
the month Adar. Pur: (Persian name to cast lots,
like throwing the dice). Haman is going to throw the dice to see when the best
time will be to kill the Jews. (From 1st Nisan 462 to 13th Adar 462). It appears
this would give the Jews about a year to prepare for the attack against them.
(The time would be around March 7th).
And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad
and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their
laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws:
therefore it is
not for the king's profit to suffer them. Notice
that Haman does not mention that the people he wants destroyed are the Jews. (He
accuses the Jews of having different laws and that they refuse to obey the laws
of the king).
If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will
pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of
the business, to bring it
into the king's treasuries. Here we see Haman trying
to bribe the king, by offering him the revenue that would be lost in the tax
collection of the Jews. Ten thousand talents: Over 200 million dollars by
today's standards. (Haman knew he would get the money back when he confiscated
the property from the Jews).
And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of
Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy. The king
gives Haman the approval with his signet ring. (The enemy of the Jews).
And the king said unto Haman, The silver is
given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee.
i.e. Keep the money and the people are both yours.
(The aim of the great enemy, who was using Haman as he had tried to use Pharaoh
Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month,
and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's
lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to
the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof,
and to every
people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and
sealed with the king's ring. The decree was written
exactly as Haman dictated, and was sealed with the king's signet ring.
And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to
kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and
women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth
month, which is the month Adar, and to take
the spoil of them for a prey. The order was given
that all the Jews would be killed on a single day. (Around March 7th, 473 B.C.).
The property would be given to those who killed them.
The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was
published unto all people, that they should be ready against that day.
The decree was to be issued as law in every province and
proclaimed to all the people, so they would be ready to do their duty on the
The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was
given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the
city Shushan was perplexed. It was proclaimed in the
fortress of Susa. Now the king and Haman will sit down and celebrate with some
wine. However, the city of Susa fell into confusion. It's not over yet! There is
still almost a year left, and God is at work with his people in place. Why do
you think the city of Shushan fell into confusion? (Divine intervention). "Never
give up, never surrender." God is in control!
When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on
sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a
loud and a bitter cry; When Mordecai learned what
was "being done," tore his clothes, put on burlap and ashes, and went into the
city. Bitter cry: The Greek says
that he uttered these words aloud:
Αιρεται εθνος μηδεν ηδικηκος,
"A people are going to be destroyed who have done no evil."
And came even before the king's gate: for none might
enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth.
Could go only as far as the gate wearing clothes of morning.
And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came,
great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many
lay in sackcloth and ashes. The news of the decree
reached all the provinces, and there was great mourning among the Jews.
So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told it her. Then was the
queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take
away his sackcloth from him: but he received it
not. When Esther was told about Mordecai, she was
grieved and sent him a change of clothes, but he refused. (She didn't know what
was going on yet).
Then called Esther for Hatach, one of the king's chamberlains, whom he
had appointed to attend upon her, and gave him a commandment to Mordecai, to
know what it was, and why it was. Esther sends one of the king's eunuchs to Mordecai
to find out what was going on and why he was in mourning.
So Hatach went forth to Mordecai unto the street of the city, which was
before the king's gate. Met him at the gate.
And Mordecai told him of all that had happened unto him, and of the sum of the
money that Haman had promised to pay to the king's treasuries for the Jews, to
destroy them. Mordecai laid down the whole story to
Hathach. Mordecai even knew the exact sum of the money. We don't know how he
knew this. (He might have had some ears on the inside).
Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan
to destroy them, to shew it unto Esther, and to declare it
unto her, and to charge her that she should go in unto the king, to make
supplication unto him, and to make request before him for her people.
Mordecai gives Hathach a copy of the decree to give to the queen, and tells him
to ask the queen to go to the king and beg for mercy and plead for her people. (Hathach
is now aware that Esther is a Jew).
And Hatach came and told Esther the words of Mordecai.
Gave her the message from Mordecai.
Again Esther spake unto Hatach, and gave him commandment unto Mordecai;
She has a message for Mordecai.
All the king's servants, and the people of the king's provinces, do know, that
whosoever, whether man or woman, shall come unto the king into the inner court,
who is not called, there is one law of his to put him
to death, except such to whom the king shall hold out the golden sceptre, that
he may live: but I have not been called to come in unto the king these thirty
days. i.e. If you were not called by the king, your
life could be in danger if you appeared before him. Esther's would be risking
her life if she dared to approach the king without being summoned. "Would she do
And they told to Mordecai Esther's words. Esther
sent a message back to Mordecai explaining what might happen to her if she did
what he asked.
Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not with thyself that thou shalt
escape in the king's house, more than all the Jews.
Mordecai reminds her that she is also a Jew, and if she does nothing, she will
be killed with the other Jews anyway.
For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then shall there
enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place; but thou and
thy father's house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to
the kingdom for such
a time as this? Mordecai is telling Esther that
"this is your time." If you do nothing, the Jews will rise from another place,
but your relatives will all die. Perhaps you were made queen for just this
reason. "To free your people." i.e. When God calls you and puts you in a place
to do something, "do it."
Then Esther bade them return Mordecai this answer,
Esther replies to Mordecai.
Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for
me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens
will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is
not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.
Gather all the Jews of Susa and fast for me. (Asking for prayer). Even though it
is against the law, I will go see the king. If I perish: If I lose my life in
the attempt to save my people, I shall lose it cheerfully. I see it is my duty
to make the attempt; and, come what will, I am resolved to do it. (Luke 9:24).
So Mordecai went his way, and did according to all that Esther had commanded
him. Mordecai did everything the queen requested.
Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on her royal
stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house: and
the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of
the house. Three days of fasting and prayer queen
Esther requested are up, and Esther puts on her royal robes to go and see the
king. (This would be the beginning of a new life for Israel).
And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, that
she obtained favour in his sight: and the king held out to Esther the golden
sceptre that was
in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the sceptre.
Esther was standing in the inner court and the king saw her. The king held out
the gold scepter to her, and she approached and touched the end of the scepter.
(This was required to see the king). If he did not hold out the scepter towards
the person who wanted to see him, they were out.
Then said the king unto her, What wilt thou, queen Esther? and what is
thy request? it shall be even given thee to the half of the kingdom.
Remember the king really liked Esther and was willing to give her even half the
And Esther answered, If it seem
good unto the king, let the king and Haman come this day unto the banquet that I
have prepared for him. Esther uses wisdom taking
things real slow by inviting the king and Haman to a banquet for the king.
Then the king said, Cause Haman to make haste, that he may do as Esther hath
said. So the king and Haman came to the banquet that Esther had prepared.
The king send the message to Haman and they both attended the banquet.
And the king said unto Esther at the banquet of wine, What is thy
petition? and it shall be granted thee: and what is
thy request? even to the half of the kingdom it shall be performed.
They were drinking a little wine and the king probably knew Esther was up to
something, so he asked her, what do you really want Esther?
Then answered Esther, and said, My petition and my request is;
Here is my request and deepest wish.
If I have found favour in the sight of the king, and if it please the king to
grant my petition, and to perform my request, let the king and Haman come to the
banquet that I shall prepare for them, and I will do to morrow as the king hath
said. Now Esther draws things out a little bit and
still keeps back her petition, showing the king that he rightly divided that
there was something important behind it.
Then went Haman forth that day joyful and with a glad heart: but when Haman saw
Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not up, nor moved for him, he was
full of indignation against Mordecai. Haman was in
good spirits when he left the banquet, but when he sees Mordecai sitting at the
palace gate (he didn't appear to worried), so Haman became furious.
Nevertheless Haman refrained himself: and when he came home, he sent and called
for his friends, and Zeresh his wife. Haman kept his
cool and went home to his wife and friends.
And Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his
children, and all the things
wherein the king had promoted him, and how he had advanced him above the princes
and servants of the king. Haman still on the tipsy
side from all the wine, started bragging about all his honors and promotions the
king had given him.
Haman said moreover, Yea, Esther the queen did let no man come in with the king
unto the banquet that she had prepared but myself; and to morrow am I invited
unto her also with the king. Not only that, but the
queen invited me to dine with the king and her again tomorrow. (He's feeling
Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at
the king's gate. Still ticked off about Mordecai
sitting at the palace gate.
(Just can't let it go).
Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him, Let a gallows be made of
fifty cubits high, and to morrow speak thou unto the king that Mordecai may be
hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with the king unto the banquet. And the
thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made.
Here comes the suggestion from Haman's wife Zeresh and all his friends. Set up a
gallows (a tree), i.e. a stake to which a criminal was fastened till he died.
The same word for cross. (Esther 2:23, 7:9, Acts 5:30, 10:39, 13:29, 1 Peter
2:24). Sounded good to Haman, and he ordered the gallows to be made. He
wanted everyone to see his great power and influence with the king.
On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of
records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king.
The king had trouble sleeping that night. (Divine intervention). God will be at
work here. Book of records: As chronicles were composed among the Persians, a
more instructive and interesting work could not be brought before the king;
because they were all written in verse, and were generally the work of the most
eminent poets of the empire.
And it was found written, that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of
the king's chamberlains, the keepers of the door, who sought to lay hand on the
king Ahasuerus. The king comes across how Mordecai
exposed the plot of the two eunuchs to assassinate the king. (Esther 2:21).
And the king said, What honour and dignity hath been done to Mordecai for this?
Then said the king's servants that ministered unto him, There is nothing done
for him. The king realizes that Mordecai has never
been given any reward or recognition for what he had done. (God at work here,
bringing it to his attention).
we know that all things work together for good to them that love
God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.
God causes everything to work together for the
good of those who love Him, and are called according to His purpose.
"Notice it says, called according to His purpose." In other words,
if you ask God for something to further His ministry and purpose, He
will always grant it. He wants it to benefit the whole family of
God, not just you. (Esther asked for prayer to benefit all the Jews,
not just herself).
And the king said, Who is
in the court? Now Haman was come into the outward court of the king's house, to
speak unto the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for
him. Haman was in the court bright and early to see
And the king's servants said unto him, Behold, Haman standeth in the court. And
the king said, Let him come in. Bring Haman in here.
So Haman came in. And the king said unto him, What shall be done unto the man
whom the king delighteth to honour? Now Haman thought in his heart, To whom
would the king delight to do honour more than to myself?
Haman is so stuck on himself that he thinks the king wants
to honor him again.
And Haman answered the king, For the man whom the king delighteth to honour,
Let the royal apparel be brought which the king useth
to wear, and the horse that the king rideth upon, and the crown royal which is
set upon his head: Not only does Haman want the
honor, but he tells the king how to do it. (What he would like done for
And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king's
most noble princes, that they may array the man withal
whom the king delighteth to honour, and bring him on horseback through the
street of the city, and proclaim before him, Thus shall it be done to the man
whom the king delighteth to honour. Haman really
plays it up here and pictures himself riding on the king's horse in the royal
Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, and
take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai
the Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate: let nothing fail of all that thou hast
spoken. "Excellent!" The king says to Haman. Take
the robes and my horse and give it to Mordecai the Jew. i.e. Give him the royal
treatment with all the honor. Wow! Want to see someone's jaw drop. Haman's jaw
must have hit the ground when he heard the king speaking of Mordecai and not
Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him
on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, Thus
shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour.
Not only does Haman lose the honor and the prize, but now
he has to parade Mordecai through the streets shouting; "This is what the king
does for someone he wishes to honor!" Talk about being upset and embarrassed.
Haman had to be glowing red through the whole ordeal.
And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house
mourning, and having his head covered. Mordecai must
have felt real good about now. Here we have the man who wanted to kill him, lead
him around on the king's horse giving him all the honor. (Haman hurried home
when it was all over and was totally humiliated).
And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every thing that had
befallen him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife unto him, If Mordecai
be of the seed
of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to fall, thou shalt not prevail against
him, but shalt surely fall before him. In other
words, it's over for you Haman, your plans will never succeed against Mordecai.
It would be fatal to continue opposing him, and you will surely fall. (Proverbs
28:18). The prophet Hosea would say:
is wise, and he shall understand
these things? prudent, and he
shall know them? for the ways of
the LORD are right, and the just
shall walk in them: but the
transgressors shall fall
therein. (Hosea 14:9).
And while they were
yet talking with him, came the king's chamberlains, and hasted to bring Haman
unto the banquet that Esther had prepared. Well, it
turns out that at least Haman gets to attend the banquet that Esther had
prepared for him and the king. (Everything was speeding up to the approaching
crisis). "Remember, God is in control."
So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the queen.
There attending the second banquet.
And the king said again unto Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine,
What is thy petition, queen Esther? and it shall be granted thee: and
what is thy request? and it shall be performed, even
to the half of the kingdom. The king is feeling a
little good again from the wine and asked Esther what her request was.
Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, O
king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my
people at my request: Esther finally explains to the
king what she wants.
For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish.
But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue,
although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage.
Esther telling the king the full story and asked the king to spare her and her
Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and
where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so?
Who would do such a thing as this the king replied?
And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is
this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.
Haman didn't realize that Esther was a Jew, and now that he
is being called an enemy of the Jews, he was a little nervous.
And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath went
into the palace garden: and Haman stood up to make request for his life to
Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the
king. The king was furious, and got up to take a
walk in the garden to cool off. Meanwhile, Haman stayed behind and pled for his
life to queen Esther, because he knew the king was going to kill him.
Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of
wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was.
Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the
word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.
Haman was so afraid, he fell on the couch where the queen was. I believe he was
begging for mercy, but when the king came in and seen him, the king probably
though he was going to rape or kill the queen. Immediately the kings guards
grabbed Haman and covered Haman's face. (They "put the bag" on him).
And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the
gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken
good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him
thereon. After they bagged Haman, one of the kings
eunuchs named Harbona, came forward and told the king that Haman had set up a
pole seventy-five feet tall and he intended to kill Mordecai. (The man who saved
the king form assassination). Do you think this upset the king? "The king says;
So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was
the king's wrath pacified. Well, it turns out that
Haman gets impaled on the pole he had set up for Mordecai, and the king's anger
subsided. Lesson: Be careful not to get revenge on someone who talks about you
or wants to hurt you. "It might backfire." (Proverbs 26:27). The apostle Paul
beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath:
for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
Never take revenge on others,
especially if you are a true Christian. Leave the revenge to God. If
someone messes with one of God's children, He will take care of them.
Vengeance belongs to the Lord and He will judge His people
On that day did the king Ahasuerus give the house of Haman the Jews' enemy unto
Esther the queen. And Mordecai came before the king; for Esther had told what he
was unto her.
The king gives Esther all the property of Haman, and
she tells the king that Mordecai was her cousin.
And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto
Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
Mordecai gets the signet ring from the king, and queen
Esther appointed him in charge of Haman's job. "Chief minister of Persia."
(Today modern Iran).
And Esther spake yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and
besought him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his
device that he had devised against the Jews. Now
Esther is begging the king to stop the evil plot devised by Haman against the
Then the king held out the golden sceptre toward Esther. So Esther arose, and
stood before the king, The king listens to Esther.
And said, If it please the king, and if I have found favour in his sight, and
the thing seem right before the king, and I be pleasing in his
eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman the son of
Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews which are
in all the king's provinces: Esther pleading with
the king, or was she? Note how she words her plea. "If it please the king." (Of
course she does). "If I have found favor." (She was one of the kings favorites).
"Things seem right before the king." (Things all seemed right when Esther was
around). "I be pleasing in his eyes." (Esther was beautiful in the eyes of the
king). She had the king right in her hand. (Really in God's hand). Now the
request: "Would you consider making a decree that reverses the orders of Haman
to kill the Jews."
For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come unto my people? or how can
I endure to see the destruction of my kindred? I
could not endure seeing my people destroyed. (Haman didn't want to see Esther
sad or angry). You know how that goes. If you want a happy home, keep the queen
of the house happy. "Happy wife, happy life."
Then the king Ahasuerus said unto Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew,
Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged upon
the gallows, because he laid his hand upon the Jews.
The king tells Esther and Mordecai, I have given you the
property of Haman, and he has been impaled on a pole because he tried to destroy
Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh you, in the king's name, and seal it
with the king's ring: for the writing which is written in the king's name, and
sealed with the king's ring, may no man reverse.
Here's the deal: According to Persian law, once a law is enacted, it can't be
changed. However, a new law can be written to offset the original law.
Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is,
the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was
written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the
lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are
from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every
province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their
language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their
language. A decree was written as Mordecai dictated
and it was sent to the Jews, officers, governors, and nobles of all the 127
provinces from India to Ethiopia. (Written in all the languages of the people).
And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed it with the king's
ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback, and riders on mules,
young dromedaries: The decree was sealed with the
kings ring and sent out on the king's fastest horses. What's the hurry? Remember
the old decree to kill the Jews was still in affect.
Wherein the king granted the Jews which were in every city to gather
themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to
cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault
them, both little ones and women, and to take
the spoil of them for a prey, The new
decree from the king gave the Jews the authority to unite and defend their lives
against anyone who would attack them.
Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, namely, upon the
thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is
the month Adar.
The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was
published unto all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to
avenge themselves on their enemies. On the same day
that Haman's law came into effect, Mordecai's law would come into effect. (Now
the Jews could defend themselves and kill their enemies without repercussions).
So the posts that rode upon mules and
camels went out, being hastened and pressed on by the king's commandment. And
the decree was given at Shushan the palace.
And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and
white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and
purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
Mordecai was now made the chief minister, or vizier,
instead of Haman; and was accordingly invested with the "royal apparel," in
conformity to the custom of the East.
The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.
The Jews were now honored everywhere. (New hope for the Jews).
And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment
and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And
many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon
them. Many people of the land even converted to
Judaism so they wouldn't be killed by the Jews.
Now in the twelfth month, that is,
the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment
and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of
the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary,
that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;).
Now both decrees were put into effect. The Jews could be killed, but they could
also defend themselves. The enemies of the Jews thought they could overpower
them, but just the opposite happened. The Jews were overpowering their enemies.
The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the
provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as sought their hurt: and
no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people.
The Jews gathered together throughout the king's provinces to attack anyone who
came against them. No one could make a stand, so the people started to fear
And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and
officers of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon
them. Even the highest officials took the side of
the Jews because they feared Mordecai. (God was on his side).
For Mordecai was
great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces:
for this man Mordecai waxed greater and greater.
Mordecai grew in power and fame.
Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and
slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated them.
Took care of their enemies and did what they pleased
with those who hated them.
And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed five hundred men.
Note: They took no advantage of the permission given in (Esther 8:11).
And Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and Aspatha,
And Poratha, and Adalia, and Aridatha,
And Parmashta, and Arisai, and Aridai, and Vajezatha,
(Note that they zeroed in on the ten sons of Haman).
The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they;
but on the spoil laid they not their hand. It does
not appear that the Jews slew any person who did not rise up to destroy them.
They stood for their lives; and gave full proof that they sought their own
personal safety, and not the property of their enemies. Though the decree in
their favor gave them authority to take the property of all their adversaries.
(i.e. They were not in it for greed, but rather protection).
On that day the number of those that were slain in Shushan the palace was
brought before the king.
And the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed five
hundred men in Shushan the palace, and the ten sons of Haman; what have they
done in the rest of the king's provinces? now what is thy petition? and
it shall be granted thee: or what is
thy request further? and it shall be done. The king
calls for Queen Esther and tells her that the Jews killed many men and Haman's
ten sons, as well as others in the provinces. What more do you want? Tell me and
it will be granted.
Then said Esther, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews which
are in Shushan to
do to morrow also according unto this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be
hanged upon the gallows. It appears Queen Esther
wants a little more time to defend themselves just in case there were further
plots against the Jews.
And the king commanded it so to be done: and the decree was given at Shushan;
and they hanged Haman's ten sons. They impaled the
bodies of Haman's ten sons.
For the Jews that were
in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month
Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not their
hand. At Susa the Jews gathered together and killed
300 more men, but took no plunder.
But the other Jews that were
in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives,
and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five
thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey,
Other Jews throughout the province gathered together to defend their lives. They
killed 75,000 of those who hated them, and took no plunder. Some scholars
believe that these who were killed are Amalekites (same race as Haman), who God
commanded the Jews to wipe out. (Exodus 17:14-16).
Exo 17:16 For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn that the LORD
will have war with Amalek from generation to generation. (Exodus 17:16).
Amalek = Descendant (Grandson), of Esau. They would be at
war with the Lord from generation to generation. (Psalm 21:8-11).
On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same
rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
After their victory it was time for celebration.
But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth
day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day
of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the
fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of
gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another.
And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were
in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both
nigh and far, Mordecai recording all the events.
To stablish this
among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the
fifteenth day of the same, yearly. There were annual
festivals on these two days.
As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was
turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that
they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to
another, and gifts to the poor.
And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as Mordecai had written unto
them; The Jews listened to Mordecai and adopted this
Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had
devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is,
the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;
But when Esther
came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he
devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and his
sons should be hanged on the gallows.
Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all
the words of this letter, and of that
which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto them,
Purim = Lots. The name of the feast to this day.
The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as
joined themselves unto them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep
these two days according to their writing, and according to their appointed
time every year;
And that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every
generation, every family, every province, and every city; and that
these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of
them perish from their seed. The feast of Purim:
Involves several things, but the most important thing they do to remind the
people, is read the Book of Esther. (Called the Megillah).
Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with
all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim.
The Queens full authority was behind Mordecai's letter to establish the festival
And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven
provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with
words of peace and truth,
To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed,
according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as
they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings
and their cry.
And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in
the book. The command of Queen Esther confirmed the
practices of Purim, and it was all written down in the records.
And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon
the isles of the sea. Tribute used here is: Hebrew
Strongs H4522 "mas mis" meaning "a tax in the form of forced labor." (This tax
may have been enacted to recover from the disastrous defeat at the hands of the
And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the
greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, are
they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?
The acts of the power of the king and greatness of
Mordecai are recorded in the book of history of the Kings of Media and Persia.
For Mordecai the Jew was
next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the
multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace
to all his seed. Mordecai became the prime minister,
with authority next to that of King Xeres himself. He was great among the Jews
because he continued to work for the good of the people and speaking up for the
welfare of all their descendants.
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