Book of Exodus chapters 21-40
Exo 21:1 Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.Regulations to present to Israel.
Exo 21:2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.The Israelites were not allowed to enslave their fellow Israelites as permanent slaves. Only for six years could they be a slave and then they were set free. Even though you may have purchased a slave, you didn't treat them as a slave. (Leviticus 25:40-43, Deuteronomy 15:12).
Exo 21:3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.Already married, then your wife can leave with you when your released.
Exo 21:4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.Get married while your a slave, and your wife and children remain with the master that gave you permission to marry.
Exo 21:5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:Has a choice to go free or not.
Exo 21:6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.Now if you liked serving as a slave you could stay with the master for life. You would be marked with a piercing in your ear and now you were a "bondservant." Bore his ear: This significant ceremony was intended as a mark of permanent servitude, and was calculated to impress the servant with the duty of hearing all his master's orders, and obeying them punctually. i.e. a symbol of obedience and perpetual servitude. (Psalm 40:6, Isaiah 48:8, 50:5).
Exo 21:7 And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.Rules are a little different for the women. When you bought someone's daughter, it came with the intent that you would one day marry her.
Exo 21:8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.If the master did not like her, she could be "redeemed" and another Hebrew could purchase her as a wife.
Exo 21:9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters.If the slave girl married the son of the master, she becomes a full daughter-in-law, and is no longer a slave. However, the master cannot sell her to foreigners since he is the one who broke the contract.
Exo 21:10 If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.If the man marries more than one wife, he can't cut the amount he gives to the first wife; food, clothing, and sexual intimacy.
Exo 21:11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.If the man fails on any of these three obligations, she may leave as a free woman without making any payment.
Exo 21:12 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.Smiteth: Hebrew "nakah" H5221, to kill, slaughter, murder, criminal homicide. Commit criminal homicide and you are to be put to death.
Exo 21:13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.If one kills another by accident permitted by God, they will be appointed a place of refuge for safety. God deliver: Hebrew idiom, by which God is said to do what He allows to be done.
Exo 21:14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.If one deliberately kills another person, then the slayer must be put to death.
Exo 21:15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.To smite either father or mother, in a manner which indicated either contempt or malice, or left marks of violence, was deemed a proof of so ungrateful and unnatural a disposition, that no provocation was admitted as an excuse, but the offence was made capital. Nay, he who cursed his father or mother, who uttered imprecations, ill wishes, or reviling, against a parent, was included in the same sense; though few crimes were made capital by the law of Moses. The law of God, as delegated to parents is honored when they are honored, and despised when they are despised, and to rebel against the lawful exercise of this authority is rebellion against God.
Exo 21:16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.Kidnappers must be put to death.
Exo 21:17 And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.You better honor your mother and father. God does not like when you disrespect your parents.
Exo 21:18 And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:
Exo 21:19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit: only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.Get into a fight and you are at fault, you must pay for the damages you do to the other person.
Exo 21:20 And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.You can't beat your servant to death, or you will be punished.
Exo 21:21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he is his money.If the slave recovers within a day or two, you will not be punished.
Exo 21:22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.Better to never strike a woman... No one likes a wife beater.
Exo 21:23 And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life,Could end up with your life being taken.
Exo 21:24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,
Exo 21:25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.You get what you got coming. These laws made prisons unnecessary, and prevented crime. (We need to follow more of these laws today).
Exo 21:26 And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.
Exo 21:27 And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.If the master hits the male or female slave and knocks out an eye or a tooth, the slave goes free.
Exo 21:28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit.
Exo 21:29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.If your ox has a reputation for being dangerous and you have been informed, but the ox kills someone, it must be killed. Not only that, but the owner put to death.
Exo 21:30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.Wow, this one saves them. If the relative of the dead person wants compensation, you can pay them off and save your life. Implying that death-penalties were in certain cases commutable.
Exo 21:31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him.No gender difference here. The same applies to both male and female.
Exo 21:32 If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.
Exo 21:33 And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;
Exo 21:34 The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his.
Exo 21:35 And if one man's ox hurt another's, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it; and the dead ox also they shall divide.
Exo 21:36 Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.
Exo 22:1 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.He shall: There is a smaller compensation required in other things (Exodus 22:9), and also a disproportion between an ox and a sheep. The reason of the former is because money, goods, etc., are better guarded in houses and cities, than cattle in a field; which consequently can be more easily stolen. The reason of the latter seems to be, that an ox was of greater value, and more useful for the purposes of husbandry, (Proverbs 14:4). Four sheep: So David judged, (2 Samuel 12:6).
Exo 22:2 If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.
Exo 22:3 If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.Many get this interpretation wrong. If the sun: Therefore killed after he had got away, and in cold blood. Here's the deal; if a thief breaks into your home at night or day, you can kill him, and you are not guilty of murder. However, if the thief breaks into your home and has gotten away, then you kill him, you will be guilty of murder. If the thief is caught, he must pay you restitution, and if he can't, he will be sold into slavery to pay his debt.
Exo 22:4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.If the thief steals the animal and gets caught, he pays twice what he has stolen. But, if the thief steals the animal and sells or has eaten it, then he pays four to five times as much.
Exo 22:5 If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man's field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution.Your responsible for what your animals do. To bad many people today don't take responsibility for their animals.
Exo 22:6 If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.Destroy someone else's crops and you must pay restitution. When you destroy a neighbors property, fess-up and pay for the damage.
Exo 22:7 If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double.
Exo 22:8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods.Brought to the courts to see who is responsible.
Exo 22:9 For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.When two people both make claims to an item or animal, it should be brought before the judges to decide who owns the item or animal. The guilty party must pay double compensation to the other.
Exo 22:10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it:Leave an item or animal with a neighbor and it runs away, or it dies.
Exo 22:11 Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.If the neighbor did not steal the item and no one seen who did, the neighbor would not be responsible.
Exo 22:12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.But, if it was stolen, they would be responsible. (It was under their protection).
Exo 22:13 If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.If the animal was killed by a wild beast, then it was not your fault.
Exo 22:14 And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.If a neighbor borrows an animal and it gets killed while in their possession, they are responsible for the animal.
Exo 22:15 But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire.If the owner was present, or the animal was rented and is killed, no compensation is required. (It would be covered under the rental fee).
Exo 22:16 And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.If a man seduces a virgin and has sex with her (not being engaged), he must pay the bride price and marry her.
Exo 22:17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.But, if the father of the girl refuses to let the man marry her, he must still pay the bride price of a virgin.
Exo 22:18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.Witch = Hebrew H3784 "kashaph" whisper a spell, enchant, or practice magic, sorcerer, sorceress. (Deuteronomy 18:10). Sorceress = Hebrew H6049 "anan" practice magic, soothsayer, Sorcerer. (Isaiah 57:3). Today's society still practicing this type of witchcraft, consulting mediums, psychics, etc., trying to predict the future leaving out the Word of God. (Isaiah 8:19).
Exo 22:19 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.Have sex with an animal. "Any one that sick should be put to death."
Exo 22:20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.If they sacrificed to false god's, they were to be put to death.
Exo 22:21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.Goes back to the old saying. "Treat others like you want to be treated."
Exo 22:22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.Don't take advantage of the helpless ones. (Isaiah 10:2). And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart. (Zechariah 7:10). Don't oppress widows, orphans, foreigners, and the poor. More important, "do not scheme against one another." (Proverbs 3:29, 6:18, Micah 2:1). In today's world, it is all about scamming the public. Bogus law suits, internet scams, marketing scams, and abusers of the system just to name a few. "God does not like it."
Exo 22:23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;
Exo 22:24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.God takes care of the helpless, so beware all you cons and scammers and those who take advantage of the poor, elderly, and the helpless. (Deuteronomy 10:18, Psalm 146:9).
Exo 22:25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.Loans to the poor should be interest free. However, you could charge interest to businessmen or foreigners. (Try to get an interest free loan today).
Exo 22:26 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:Raiment by day, and sole covering at night. (Deuteronomy 24:12-13).
Exo 22:27 For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.This raiment may be the only thing that they have, and it may be their blanket at night. How can a person sleep good without it? (If you are not merciful to them, God will be).
Exo 22:28 Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.Don't dishonor your magistrates or rulers. Give them the respect they deserve. "And especially don't dishonor God."
Exo 22:29 Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.
Exo 22:30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.Give to God, what is His, and give it to Him on time.
Exo 22:31 And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.God does not want you to eat road-kill. "Were not the Beverly Hillbillies." (Leviticus 20:25, 22:8). He also does not want you to eat, or drink, things that may harm your body. (Go easy on the bad foods, cigarettes, drugs and alcohol). They will not harm your soul, but they can harm your physical body. "Everything in moderation."
Exo 23:1 Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.False rumors, gossip, and lying on the witness stand. Who would do such a thing? With all the social media going on today, the gossip and false rumors, is outrageous in this country and around the world. "Corruption in the courts is just as bad."
Exo 23:2 Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:Don't follow a bunch of idiots. If you are called to testify or to settle a dispute, don't be swayed by others to twist justice. "Tell the truth."
Exo 23:3 Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause.Don't slant your testimony in favor of a person because they are poor or you feel sorry for them.
Exo 23:4 If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.Find a stray animal and you know where it came from, return it to your neighbor.
Exo 23:5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.So, you live near a neighbor who does not like you that much, but his child's foot gets stuck in a sewer grate. Do you walk by, or do you stop and help the child? "Of course you help the child." It might even turn out that you will gain a new friendly neighbor.
Exo 23:6 Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause.In a lawsuit, you should never deny justice to the poor. (James 2:5-6). In the way of the world, the one with the most money and best lawyer usually wins the case. "Especially against the poor." But, in God's way, the poor as well as the rich are treated equal when it comes to justice. "That's the way it should be."
Exo 23:7 Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.This verse can go a long way... But, to sum it up, "do not kill the innocent." (Deuteronomy 27:25).
Exo 23:8 And thou shalt take no gift: for the gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous.When one takes a bribe or payoff, it makes them ignore something that they clearly see. A bribe makes even a righteous person twist the truth. (Amos 5:12, Micah 7:3).
Exo 23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.This is a complex problem that we face as a nation today. The United States is full of strangers from foreign lands. That's what makes us up as a nation of free people. However, we do have an illegal immigration problem. We need to resolve this problem without being guilty of oppressing the stranger.
Exo 23:10 And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the fruits thereof:
Exo 23:11 But the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and what they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy oliveyard.In farming, it is a good thing to let the land rest and replenish for a year. (This has to do with crop rotation). If you have a home garden, it is good to rotate your crops from year to year for best results.
Exo 23:12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.Everyone should have a day off for rest, even the animals. But, especially you mom's who seem to never get a break. Come on guys... Chip in a little and then take her out to dinner once in a while.
Exo 23:13 And in all things that I have said unto you be circumspect: and make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth.Focus on the one true God, forget all the other junk. The importance of the prophecy as to the future in (Hosea 2:16-17). And it shall be at that day, saith the LORD, that thou shalt call me Ishi; and shalt call me no more Baali. (Hosea 2:16). "When that day comes they will call Me husband instead of master." (Revelation 19:7). For I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their name. (Hosea 2:17). I will wipe the many names of Baal from your lips, never to be mentioned again. (Jeremiah 10:11). No more false gods and idol worship. Just one God and one system under God.
Exo 23:14 Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.Three annual feasts connected and equal to feasts know today that many keep. (Passover, Pentecost, and Feats of Tabernacles).
Exo 23:15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:). Feast of unleavened bread, tied to the Exodus from Egypt, equal to the Passover. (1 Corinthians 5:7-8).
Exo 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.Fifty days after Passover we have the Feasts of harvest, tied to the first-fruits offered to the Lord, equal to Pentecost. (Acts 2:1). And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. (Acts 2:1). Seven weeks had passed since the death and resurrection of Jesus. Pentecost is 50 days after the annual celebration of Passover. (Leviticus 23:16) Remember that Christ became our "Passover" as the sacrificial lamb slain. (I Corinthians 5:7, Isaiah 53:7, John 1:29, I Peter 1:19. Revelation 5:6). Finally we have the Feast of Ingathering, or as we know it as the Feast of Tabernacles. (Deuteronomy 16:13, Zechariah 14:16-19, John 7:2).
Exo 23:17 Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD.
Exo 23:18 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of my sacrifice remain until the morning.
Exo 23:19 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk."It was a custom with the ancient heathens, when they had gathered in all their fruits, to take a kid, and boil it in the dam's milk; and then in a magical way, to go about and sprinkle all their trees, and fields, and gardens, and orchards with it, thinking by these means, that they should make them fruitful, and bring forth more abundantly in the following year. Wherefore, God forbad his people, the Jews, at the time of their in-gathering, to use any such superstitious or idolatrous rite." (Exodus 34:26, Deuteronomy 14:21).
Exo 23:20 Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.An Angel: "Elohim" speaking, therefore who can it be but Michael? (Daniel 10:13, 10:21, 12:1).
Exo 23:21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him.Listen to him and don't rebel against him. "You don't want to mess with this angel."
Exo 23:22 But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.Follow this angel and what he says, then I (Elohim), will be an enemy to all who oppose you.
Exo 23:23 For mine Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: and I will cut them off.
Exo 23:24 Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down their images.
Exo 23:25 And ye shall serve the LORD your God, and he shall bless thy bread, and thy water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee.
Exo 23:26 There shall nothing cast their young, nor be barren, in thy land: the number of thy days I will fulfil.Long full lives ahead if they obey God.
Exo 23:27 I will send my fear before thee, and will destroy all the people to whom thou shalt come, and I will make all thine enemies turn their backs unto thee.God will send fear among your enemies. (He did it then and He will do it today). "Never worry when God is on your side."
Exo 23:28 And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.(Deuteronomy 7:20, Joshua 24:12).
Exo 23:29 I will not drive them out from before thee in one year; lest the land become desolate, and the beast of the field multiply against thee.
Exo 23:30 By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit the land.Little by little He would drive the enemy out, giving time for the Israelites to increase, so they could take possession of the land. (Something we need to do in the U.S. today). Drive out the trash and the enemy, so we can take our country back to God's way of living.
Exo 23:31 And I will set thy bounds from the Red sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river: for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand; and thou shalt drive them out before thee.
Exo 23:32 Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.Make no treaties with them or their gods. Hmmm... "Kind of like not negotiating with terrorist."
Exo 23:33 They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me: for if thou serve their gods, it will surely be a snare unto thee.The Israelites were not to become to friendly with the Canaanites or serve their gods. "Otherwise they would be caught up in the trap of Idolatry." (Psalm 106:36, 2 Timothy 2:26), then you would need to recover out of the snare of the devil, who has taken you captive.
Exo 24:1 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off.Nadab and Abihu (Aaron'e eldest two sons), along with seventy of Israel's elders. Hence 7 x 10 signifies perfect spiritual order carried out with all spiritual power and significance. Both spirit and order are greatly emphasized. (70 seems to be associated with human justice, judgment, and human delegations of authority).
Exo 24:2 And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him.Everything done in order.
Exo 24:3 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do.Came: Moses' fourth descent. All the words: The Ten Commandments, (Exodus 20:1-17). All the judgments: Chapters 21-23.
Exo 24:4 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.The Words of the Lord were written down by Moses. The twelve pillars represent one for each of the twelve tribes of Israel.
Exo 24:5 And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD.Young men: The whole nation as yet were priests, represented in the fathers and elders sons. Probably the redeemed firstborn from all the tribes. Verses 5-8, the subject of (Hebrews 9:15-23), where "testament" should be rendered "covenant," and "men," which is not in the text, should be "over the dead sacrifices" referred to here.
Exo 24:6 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.This was pledging Yahveh to this conditional covenant. (Hebrews 9:19), where the book also is said to be sprinkled.
Exo 24:7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient.Book of the covenant: What we have been studying for the last few chapters. Be obedient: Connects this with the sprinkling of the blood in the next verse; and connect both with (1 Peter 1:2).
Exo 24:8 And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.The people: Thus pledging them to their part of the covenant, which was thereby made conditional; unlike that with Abraham in Genesis 15, which was unconditional.
Exo 24:9 Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:
Exo 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness.Sapphire stone: The Hebrew sappir, is without doubt the sapphire; which is a most beautiful precious stone of a fine blue color, second only to the diamond in luster, hardness, and value. The ancient oriental sapphire is supposed to have been the same as the lapis lazuli. It glitters with golden spots; and is of an azure or sky-blue color, but rarely intermixed with purple. The ruby and topaz are considered of the same genus.
Exo 24:11 And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink.They saw: They gazed upon God. They had a covenant meal in the presence of God.
Exo 24:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them.Up till now we have what is called the "book of the covenant." Now Moses will receive the two tablets of stone written by the finger of God. "The Ten Commandments."
Exo 24:13 And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God.Only Moses and Joshua proceeded to go higher on the mountain.
Exo 24:14 And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them.Aaron and Hur would handle disputes while they were gone.
Exo 24:15 And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount.Now only Moses continues to the cloud covered mountain.
Exo 24:16 And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud.Moses was there six days, and on the seventh day the Lord called to Moses from within the cloud.
Exo 24:17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel.To the people of Israel at the foot of the mountain, they saw a "consuming fire" as the glory of the Lord. "God is a consuming fire." (Hebrews 12:29).
Exo 24:18 And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.Moses climes a little higher up the mountain and disappeared into the cloud. There he remained 40 days and 40 nights. (40 is the number of probation). This took place on 20-25th and 26th of SIVAN. (The fourth Sabbath).
Exo 25:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Exo 25:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering.Only willing offerings moved by their hearts. (2 Corinthians 8:12, 9:7).
Exo 25:3 And this is the offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass.Notice no iron in the tabernacle.
Exo 25:4 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,These colors connected with the crucifixion. (Matthew 27:28).
Exo 25:5 And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,
Exo 25:6 Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense,Olive oil for the lamps. Also used as anointing oil today.
Exo 25:7 Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate.
Exo 25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.
Exo 25:9 According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it.Pattern: Not a plan, but an exact model. (Hebrews 8:5). When Moses is getting ready to build the Tabernacle, God gives him a warning to make everything according to His plan. (Numbers 8:4, Acts 7:44). Exact measurements were given that were vital to construction.
Exo 25:10 And they shall make an ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.An ark: Chest or ark in which the testimony or two tables of the covenant were laid up; on the top of which was the propitiatory or mercy seat; and at the end of which were the cherubim of gold; between whom the visible sign of the presence of God appeared as seated upon his throne. (Exodus 37:1-3, Deuteronomy 10:1-3, 2Chronicles 8:11, Hebrews 9:4, Revelation 11:19).
Exo 25:11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about.Crown: a border molding of gold.
Exo 25:12 And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the other side of it.
Exo 25:13 And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.Shittim: Acacia wood.
Exo 25:14 And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them.
Exo 25:15 The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it.
Exo 25:16 And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.The testimony: Hebrew, the witness, to bear witness. Stone tablets with the terms of the covenant will be given.
Exo 25:17 And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof.Mercy seat: A cover put for propitiation made through the blood sprinkled thereon. Denotes propitiation. (Hebrews 9:5, Romans 3:25).
Exo 25:18 And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.Cherubims: Representing celestial beings, of which we know nothing. They are reality, there, and representative of creation, symbolic of blessing for all creation. These were not cherubims themselves, but representations of them. (Genesis 3:24), but no "sword," because of the blood of propitiation.
Exo 25:19 And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof.
Exo 25:20 And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be.Looking toward the blood of propitiation. (Exodus 12:13, 37:9).
Exo 25:21 And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee.
Exo 25:22 And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.Ark of the testimony. It has seven names: Ark of the covenant of Yahveh (Numbers 10:33), Ark of Adonai Yahveh (1 Kings 2:26, Ark of Yahveh (Joshua 3:13), Ark of Elohim (1 Samuel 3:3), The holy ark (2 Chronicles 35:3), The ark of Thy strength (Psalm 132:8). The number seven meaning "spiritual completeness."
Exo 25:23 Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.
Exo 25:24 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of gold round about.
Exo 25:25 And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about, and thou shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about.
Exo 25:26 And thou shalt make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings in the four corners that are on the four feet thereof.
Exo 25:27 Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves to bear the table.
Exo 25:28 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them.
Exo 25:29 And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou make them.
Exo 25:30 And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me alway.Shewbread: Hebrew meaning Bread of faces; denoting the Divine presence in which the bread stood, and from Whom all supplies, material and spiritual, came.
Exo 25:31 And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.All to be made from one piece of gold. (Symbolizing purity).
Exo 25:32 And six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side:
Exo 25:33 Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick.
Exo 25:34 And in the candlestick shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their knops and their flowers.
Exo 25:35 And there shall be a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick.
Exo 25:36 Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one beaten work of pure gold.
Exo 25:37 And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it.
Exo 25:38 And the tongs thereof, and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.
Exo 25:39 Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.About seventy-five pounds of pure (999 fine) gold will be used for the lamp-stand and it's accessories. (About $1.8 million in gold today).
Exo 25:40 And look that thou make them after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.All made to the pattern that God has shown you. (Numbers 8:4, Acts 7:44, Hebrews 8:5). God likes perfection and things done in order.
Exo 26:1 Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them.There would be a tent (Tabernacle), made up of ten curtains of fine woven linen. Very colorful with blue, purple, and scarlet. (Kind of like a desert sky or sunset). The cherubim images would be skillfully embroidered within. Looking within the tabernacle would give you the possible impression of the sky or make you think of heaven.
Exo 26:2 The length of one curtain shall be eight and twenty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and every one of the curtains shall have one measure.All made in order and perfection.
Exo 26:3 The five curtains shall be coupled together one to another; and other five curtains shall be coupled one to another.Coupled together: Like the five commandments of the two tablets.
Exo 26:4 And thou shalt make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling; and likewise shalt thou make in the uttermost edge of another curtain, in the coupling of the second.
Exo 26:5 Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second; that the loops may take hold one of another.
Exo 26:6 And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold, and couple the curtains together with the taches: and it shall be one tabernacle.
Exo 26:7 And thou shalt make curtains of goats' hair to be a covering upon the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt thou make.Goats' hair: Izzim, goats, but used here elliptically for goats' hair. In different parts of Asia Minor, Syria, Cilicia, and Phrygia, the goats have long, fine, and beautiful hair; in some cases, almost as fine as silk, which is shorn at proper times, and manufactured into garments.
Exo 26:8 The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and the eleven curtains shall be all of one measure.
Exo 26:9 And thou shalt couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and shalt double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the tabernacle.
Exo 26:10 And thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain that is outmost in the coupling, and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain which coupleth the second.
Exo 26:11 And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass, and put the taches into the loops, and couple the tent together, that it may be one.
Exo 26:12 And the remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remaineth, shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle.
Exo 26:13 And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side of that which remaineth in the length of the curtains of the tent, it shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to cover it.
Exo 26:14 And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering above of badgers' skins.Rams' skins dyed red: literally, the skins of red rams. It is a fact, attested by many respectable travelers, that in the Levant, sheep are often met with having red or violet colored fleeces. Almost all ancient writers speak of the same thing. Badger's skins: Two more layers on top of the goat hair tent, probably for weather protection.
Exo 26:15 And thou shalt make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing up.Need a framework to support the curtains.
Exo 26:16 Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, and a cubit and a half shall be the breadth of one board.
Exo 26:17 Two tenons shall there be in one board, set in order one against another: thus shalt thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle.
Exo 26:18 And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards on the south side southward.
Exo 26:19 And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards; two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons.
Exo 26:20 And for the second side of the tabernacle on the north side there shall be twenty boards:
Exo 26:21 And their forty sockets of silver; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board.
Exo 26:22 And for the sides of the tabernacle westward thou shalt make six boards.
Exo 26:23 And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides.
Exo 26:24 And they shall be coupled together beneath, and they shall be coupled together above the head of it unto one ring: thus shall it be for them both; they shall be for the two corners.
Exo 26:25 And they shall be eight boards, and their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board.
Exo 26:26 And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood; five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle,
Exo 26:27 And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the two sides westward.
Exo 26:28 And the middle bar in the midst of the boards shall reach from end to end.
Exo 26:29 And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings of gold for places for the bars: and thou shalt overlay the bars with gold.
Exo 26:30 And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof which was shewed thee in the mount.All made to the pattern that God had given them.
Exo 26:31 And thou shalt make a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning work: with cherubims shall it be made:Two veils (to separate), would be part of the Tabernacle. They would function as a divider. And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all. (Hebrews 9:3). There was a curtain separating the rooms and behind this curtain was called the Most Holy Place. (Exodus 26:31-33). This curtain (veil), was the one that was rent from top to bottom when Christ was crucified and the earth shook. (Matthew 27:51).
Exo 26:32 And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim wood overlaid with gold: their hooks shall be of gold, upon the four sockets of silver.
Exo 26:33 And thou shalt hang up the vail under the taches, that thou mayest bring in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony: and the vail shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy.Only the high priest was allowed into the inner room of the most holies. (It would only be once a year).
Exo 26:34 And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon the ark of the testimony in the most holy place.
Exo 26:35 And thou shalt set the table without the vail, and the candlestick over against the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south: and thou shalt put the table on the north side.
Exo 26:36 And thou shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework.This may be termed the first veil, as it occupied the door or entrance to the tabernacle; the veil that separated the Holy of Holies is called the second veil, (Hebrews 9:3).
Exo 26:37 And thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, and their hooks shall be of gold: and thou shalt cast five sockets of brass for them.Note: The number "five" denotes divine grace. It is the leading factor in the Tabernacle measurements.
Exo 27:1 And thou shalt make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.Shittim: Acacia wood. The altar was 7.5 feet wide, 7.5 feet long, and 4.5 feet high.
Exo 27:2 And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.The horns might have been designed not only for ornament, but to prevent the sacrifices from falling off, and to tie the victim to, previous to its being sacrificed.
Exo 27:3 And thou shalt make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, and his basons, and his fleshhooks, and his firepans: all the vessels thereof thou shalt make of brass.
Exo 27:4 And thou shalt make for it a grate of network of brass; and upon the net shalt thou make four brasen rings in the four corners thereof.
Exo 27:5 And thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath, that the net may be even to the midst of the altar.
Exo 27:6 And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with brass.
Exo 27:7 And the staves shall be put into the rings, and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, to bear it.
Exo 27:8 Hollow with boards shalt thou make it: as it was shewed thee in the mount, so shall they make it.
Exo 27:9 And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward there shall be hangings for the court of fine twined linen of an hundred cubits long for one side:
Exo 27:10 And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver.Brass (denoting judgment in righteousness). Silver (denoting redemption).
Exo 27:11 And likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of an hundred cubits long, and his twenty pillars and their twenty sockets of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.
Exo 27:12 And for the breadth of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits: their pillars ten, and their sockets ten.Fifty cubits = 75 feet long.
Exo 27:13 And the breadth of the court on the east side eastward shall be fifty cubits.
Exo 27:14 The hangings of one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.Fifteen cubits = 22.5 feet long.
Exo 27:15 And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.
Exo 27:16 And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework: and their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four.Twenty cubits = 30 feet long.
Exo 27:17 All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver; their hooks shall be of silver, and their sockets of brass.
Exo 27:18 The length of the court shall be an hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty every where, and the height five cubits of fine twined linen, and their sockets of brass.The entire courtyard will be 150 feet long, 75 feet wide, with curtain walls 7.5 feet high, made of fine linen.
Exo 27:19 All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the pins thereof, and all the pins of the court, shall be of brass.
Exo 27:20 And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.Pure olive oil: This is without measure. (John 3:34). To burn always: i.e. a perpetual light.
Exo 27:21 In the tabernacle of the congregation without the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.Aaron and his sons must keep the lamps burning in the Lord's presence all night. This would be a permanent law for the people of Israel to observe from generation to generation.
Exo 28:1 And take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.The priests for the people to minister before God.
Exo 28:2 And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty.Special dress code for the priests at this time.
Exo 28:3 And thou shalt speak unto all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron's garments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.Aaron is to be set apart from the others as a "mediator" between God and the people. (i.e. a high priest). Many priests today still think that they are the go-between to God. Christ is our high-priest and mediator, not any man. (Hebrews 9:11).
Exo 28:4 And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.A breastplate: Choshen, in Hebrew is used for the square breast-plate of the high priest, in which were set twelve precious stones, each being engraved with the name of one of the sons of Jacob. Ephod: The ephod seems to have been a short cloak, without sleeves. A robe: The word meil, from âlah, to ascend, go up on, may be considered as an upper garment that goes up or over the rest, a surtout.
Exo 28:5 And they shall take gold, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen.
Exo 28:6 And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work.
Exo 28:7 It shall have the two shoulderpieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and so it shall be joined together.
Exo 28:8 And the curious girdle of the ephod, which is upon it, shall be of the same, according to the work thereof; even of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.
Exo 28:9 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:
Exo 28:10 Six of their names on one stone, and the other six names of the rest on the other stone, according to their birth.
Exo 28:11 With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold.
Exo 28:12 And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.
Exo 28:13 And thou shalt make ouches of gold;
Exo 28:14 And two chains of pure gold at the ends; of wreathen work shalt thou make them, and fasten the wreathen chains to the ouches.
Exo 28:15 And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; of gold, of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shalt thou make it.Breastplate of judgment: Genitive of relation, by which judgment is put for "giving judicial decision."
Exo 28:16 Foursquare it shall be being doubled; a span shall be the length thereof, and a span shall be the breadth thereof.
Exo 28:17 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row.On the front of the breastplate would be twelve jewels in gold settings. Parallel with the twelve foundation stones in the city of New Jerusalem. And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald. (Revelation 21:19). The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst. (Revelation 21:20). The same type of stones that the priests wore on their breastplate to symbolize the twelve tribes of Israel here in (Exodus 28:17-21).
Exo 28:18 And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.
Exo 28:19 And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.
Exo 28:20 And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings.
Exo 28:21 And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.
Exo 28:22 And thou shalt make upon the breastplate chains at the ends of wreathen work of pure gold.
Exo 28:23 And thou shalt make upon the breastplate two rings of gold, and shalt put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate.
Exo 28:24 And thou shalt put the two wreathen chains of gold in the two rings which are on the ends of the breastplate.
Exo 28:25 And the other two ends of the two wreathen chains thou shalt fasten in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod before it.
Exo 28:26 And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and thou shalt put them upon the two ends of the breastplate in the border thereof, which is in the side of the ephod inward.
Exo 28:27 And two other rings of gold thou shalt make, and shalt put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart thereof, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod.
Exo 28:28 And they shall bind the breastplate by the rings thereof unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it may be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate be not loosed from the ephod.
Exo 28:29 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually.Upon his heart: The place of love.
Exo 28:30 And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.Urim and Thummim mean "lights" and "perfections." Probably two precious stones which were drawn out as a lot to give Yahveh's judgment.
Exo 28:31 And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all of blue.
Exo 28:32 And there shall be an hole in the top of it, in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of an habergeon, that it be not rent.Hole in the top: To enable the hand of the high priests to be put into the bag to draw out the Urim and Thummim.
Exo 28:33 And beneath upon the hem of it thou shalt make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, round about the hem thereof; and bells of gold between them round about:
Exo 28:34 A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about.
Exo 28:35 And it shall be upon Aaron to minister: and his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy place before the LORD, and when he cometh out, that he die not.
Exo 28:36 And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.This saying "HOLINESS TO THE LORD" was to be worn only on the forehead of the high priests.
Exo 28:37 And thou shalt put it on a blue lace, that it may be upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be.
Exo 28:38 And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the LORD.Christ is our Representative, we are made holy in Him, and His ways.
Exo 28:39 And thou shalt embroider the coat of fine linen, and thou shalt make the mitre of fine linen, and thou shalt make the girdle of needlework.
Exo 28:40 And for Aaron's sons thou shalt make coats, and thou shalt make for them girdles, and bonnets shalt thou make for them, for glory and for beauty.
Exo 28:41 And thou shalt put them upon Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him; and shalt anoint them, and consecrate them, and sanctify them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office.
Exo 28:42 And thou shalt make them linen breeches to cover their nakedness; from the loins even unto the thighs they shall reach:
Exo 28:43 And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they come in unto the tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever unto him and his seed after him.These garments were to be worn whenever Aaron and his sons enter the Tabernacle or approach the alter in the Holy Place to perform their priestly duties.
Exo 29:1 And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest's office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish,This was how a priest (man of God), was ordained.
Exo 29:2 And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them.
Exo 29:3 And thou shalt put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the two rams.
Exo 29:4 And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.A ceremonial washing referred to in Hebrews 6:2, and rendered "baptism."
Exo 29:5 And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod:The priestly dress code we talked about earlier.
Exo 29:6 And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and put the holy crown upon the mitre.
Exo 29:7 Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.Anointing with blessed olive oil just as many do today.
Exo 29:8 And thou shalt bring his sons, and put coats upon them.
Exo 29:9 And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest's office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.
Exo 29:10 And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock.Symbolic of laying their sins on the bull.
Exo 29:11 And thou shalt kill the bullock before the LORD, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Exo 29:12 And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar.Kind of a bloody messy ceremony back then. (Thank God we have our One and only Sacrifice in Christ Jesus).
Exo 29:13 And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.Caul = the "omentum" not the midriff.
Exo 29:14 But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.Burned outside as the sin offering as the animal gives up it's life to pay for the sins of the people. Again, Jesus Christ became our sin offering for the sins of the whole world. (Hebrews 13:11-13).
Exo 29:15 Thou shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.
Exo 29:16 And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt take his blood, and sprinkle it round about upon the altar.
Exo 29:17 And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and wash the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them unto his pieces, and unto his head.
Exo 29:18 And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the LORD: it is a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.A special and satisfying gift presented to the Lord. (Ephesians 5:2, Philippians 4:18).
Exo 29:19 And thou shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.A unique offering for the priests.
Exo 29:20 Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.Put it upon the tip: All this doubtless was intended to signify, that the priest should dedicate all his faculties and powers to the service of God; his ear to the hearing and study of the law; his hands to diligence in the sacred ministry, and to all acts of obedience; and his feet to walking in the way of God's precepts; for the ear is the symbol of obedience, the hand of action, and the foot of the path or conduct in life. And the sprinkling might further teach him, that he could neither hear, work, nor walk profitably, uprightly, and well pleasingly in the sight of God, without the application of the blood of the sacrifice.
Exo 29:21 And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.
Exo 29:22 Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration:
Exo 29:23 And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the LORD:
Exo 29:24 And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave them for a wave offering before the LORD.
Exo 29:25 And thou shalt receive them of their hands, and burn them upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour before the LORD: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Exo 29:26 And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron's consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the LORD: and it shall be thy part.
Exo 29:27 And thou shalt sanctify the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder of the heave offering, which is waved, and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons:Wave offering: Turned to the four quarters of the earth. Heave offering: Lifted up to heaven for Yahveh only. (See appendix 43.II.ix, viii).
Exo 29:28 And it shall be Aaron's and his sons' by a statute for ever from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the LORD.
Exo 29:29 And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons' after him, to be anointed therein, and to be consecrated in them.
Exo 29:30 And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place.
Exo 29:31 And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and seethe his flesh in the holy place.
Exo 29:32 And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.For them it was literal, for us it is spiritual. (Matthew 12:4, John 6:33).
Exo 29:33 And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.Only for the priests used for their purification in the ordination ceremony.
Exo 29:34 And if ought of the flesh of the consecrations, or of the bread, remain unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.
Exo 29:35 And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded thee: seven days shalt thou consecrate them.Seven day ceremony.
Exo 29:36 And thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.
Exo 29:37 Seven days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.
Exo 29:38 Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually.Day by day continually. Divine comment on this. Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience. (Hebrews 9:9). This illustration pertains to the present time. The gifts and sacrifices that the priests offer are not able to cleanse the consciences of the people any longer. (They are no longer needed and are useless for us today). For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. (Hebrews 10:1). The old system under the law of Moses was just a shadow of thing to come. The sacrifices repeated again and again were never able to provide complete cleansing for those who came to worship. For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. (Hebrews 10:2). If the old sacrifices provided perfect cleansing, they would have stopped and the worshippers would have been purified once and for all and their feelings of guilt would have disappeared.
Exo 29:39 The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even:
Exo 29:40 And with the one lamb a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.Wine: Fermented wine.
Exo 29:41 And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Exo 29:42 This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee.
Exo 29:43 And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory.
Exo 29:44 And I will sanctify the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to me in the priest's office.
Exo 29:45 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.
Exo 29:46 And they shall know that I am the LORD their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am the LORD their God.That I may dwell: This was the object in bringing them forth from Egypt and out of bondage. (Exodus 20:2). He would be their God and they would be His people. (Jeremiah 31:33).
Exo 30:1 And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.The thought here was connected with prayer. The smoke from the burning incense rises upward, like prayers ascending to heaven. On the other hand, where so many sacrifices were offered, it was essentially necessary to have some pleasing perfume to counteract the disagreeable smells that must have arisen from the slaughter of so many animals, the burning of so much flesh, the sprinkling of the blood. No blood was ever sprinkled on this altar, except once a year, on the grand day of expiation. It was called also the golden altar (Numbers 4:11); and the incense was as constantly burnt on it every day, as the morning and evening sacrifice of a lamb was burnt on the brazen altar.
Exo 30:2 A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same.The altar would be around 18" square and 36" high.
Exo 30:3 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about.
Exo 30:4 And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal.
Exo 30:5 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.
Exo 30:6 And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee.Before the mercy seat that is over the testimony: The words לפני הכפרת אשׁר על העדת, liphney haccapporeth asher al haaiduth, "before the mercy-seat that is over the testimony," are thought to be a repetition of the preceding clause, לפני הפרכת אשׁר על ארן הערת, liphney happarocheth asher al aron haaiduth, "before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony; the word הפרכת , [Strong's H6532], happarocheth, "the vail," being corrupted, by transposing the letters into הכפרת , [Strong's H3727], hacapporeth, "the mercy-seat," and the word ארן, [Strong's H727], aron, "ark," omitted. This repetition, places the altar of incense before the mercy-seat, and consequently in the Holy of Holies. Now this could not be, as the altar of incense was attended every day, and the Holy of Holies entered only once in the year.
Exo 30:7 And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it.Every morning Aaron would maintain the lamps, and burn incense on the altar. (Exodus 27:20-21, 1 Samuel 2:28).
Exo 30:8 And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.Each evening when Aaron lights the lamps, he must again burn incense in the Lord's presence.
Exo 30:9 Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.
Exo 30:10 And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the LORD.Once a year Aaron was to purify the altar. (Leviticus 16:18, 29:30, Numbers 29:7).
Exo 30:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Exo 30:12 When thou takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto the LORD, when thou numberest them; that there be no plague among them, when thou numberest them.
Exo 30:13 This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of the LORD.
Exo 30:14 Every one that passeth among them that are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering unto the LORD.The age ready to serve in the army of Israel. (Numbers 1:3, 1:20, 26:2).
Exo 30:15 The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.No difference in the matter of atonement (Acts 10:34, Romans 3:22-23, 10:12). Then, all Israel without exception: but now "all" without distinction. i.e. we are all equal in God's eyes.
Exo 30:16 And thou shalt take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shalt appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.
Exo 30:17 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Exo 30:18 Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.Laver: This would be a bronze washbasin placed between the Tabernacle and the altar.
Exo 30:19 For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:
Exo 30:20 When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the LORD:
Exo 30:21 So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.
Exo 30:22 Moreover the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Exo 30:23 Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels.Pure myrrh: Myrrh is a white gum, issuing from the trunk and larger branches of a thorny tree resembling the acacia, growing in Arabia, Egypt, and Abyssinia. Its taste is extremely bitter; but its smell, though strong, is agreeable; and it entered into the composition of the most costly ointments among the ancients. The epithet deror, rendered pure, properly denotes fluid, from the Arabic darra, to flow; by which is meant the finest and most excellent kind, called stacte, which issues of itself from the bark without incision.
Cinnamon: Kinnamon bosem, odoriferous or spicy cinnamon, is the bark of the canella, a small tree of the size of a willow growing in the island of Ceylon.
Sweet calamus: Kenaih bosem, calamus aromaticus, or odoriferous cane, is a reed growing in Egypt, Syria, and India, about two feet in height, bearing from the root a knotted stalk, quite round, containing in its cavity a soft white pith. It is said to scent the air while growing; and when cut down, dried, and powdered, makes an ingredient in the richest perfumes.
Exo 30:24 And of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin:Cassia: The bark of a kind of Indian cinnamon.
Exo 30:25 And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.The blended ingredients to make a holy anointing oil.
Exo 30:26 And thou shalt anoint the tabernacle of the congregation therewith, and the ark of the testimony,
Exo 30:27 And the table and all his vessels, and the candlestick and his vessels, and the altar of incense,
Exo 30:28 And the altar of burnt offering with all his vessels, and the laver and his foot.
Exo 30:29 And thou shalt sanctify them, that they may be most holy: whatsoever toucheth them shall be holy.
Exo 30:30 And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office.
Exo 30:31 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations.
Exo 30:32 Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you.Flesh: The oil is the type of the Holy Spirit. His work not to act on the flesh, but give holy spirit (pneuma hagion), (John 3:6).
Exo 30:33 Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.
Exo 30:34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight:Stacte: Heb. nataph, The Jews and others suppose it to be what was afterwards called the balm of Jericho, or Gilead.
Onycha: The word shechaileth is generally allowed to denote onycha (nail-fish, from its form), as it is rendered by the LXX and Vulgate. It is the shell of the purpura, and of the whole class of murex; and serves as the basis of the principal perfumes in India.
Galbanum: Chelbenah, (probably from chalay, milk or gum, and lavan, white), is the gummy, resinous juice of an umbelliferous plant, the bubon gumniferum of Linneus, growing in Syria, Persia, and Africa. It rises with a ligneous stalk from eight to ten feet, and is garnished with leaves at every joint. The top of the stalk is terminated by an umbel of yellow flowers which are succeeded by oblong channeled seeds, which have a thin membrane or wing on their border. When any part of the plant is broken, there issues out a little thin juice, of a cream color, of a fat, tough substance, like gum ammoniac, composed of many small, shining grains, of a strong, piercing smell and a sharp, warm taste.
Exo 30:35 And thou shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the art of the apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy:Tempered together: Perfect in parts; perfect in it's whole. So in the Antitype. Pure and holy: Typical of the holiness and unimaginable purity of Christ.
Exo 30:36 And thou shalt beat some of it very small, and put of it before the testimony in the tabernacle of the congregation, where I will meet with thee: it shall be unto you most holy.
Exo 30:37 And as for the perfume which thou shalt make, ye shall not make to yourselves according to the composition thereof: it shall be unto thee holy for the LORD.
Exo 30:38 Whosoever shall make like unto that, to smell thereto, shall even be cut off from his people.Reserved for the Lord only.
Exo 31:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Exo 31:2 See, I have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah:
Exo 31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,Filled him with the gift of the Holy Spirit, giving him great wisdom and ability in all kinds of crafts.
Exo 31:4 To devise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,A master craftsman working with gold, silver, and bronze.
Exo 31:5 And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.Skilled in mounting gemstones and carving wood.
Exo 31:6 And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan: and in the hearts of all that are wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded thee;Special skills given by the Lord to all the gifted craftsmen. (What special skill has God given you)?
Exo 31:7 The tabernacle of the congregation, and the ark of the testimony, and the mercy seat that is thereupon, and all the furniture of the tabernacle,
Exo 31:8 And the table and his furniture, and the pure candlestick with all his furniture, and the altar of incense,
Exo 31:9 And the altar of burnt offering with all his furniture, and the laver and his foot,
Exo 31:10 And the cloths of service, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest's office,
Exo 31:11 And the anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy place: according to all that I have commanded thee shall they do.
Exo 31:12 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Exo 31:13 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.You: Israel, not the church of God. Christians today usually worship on Sunday, not the Sabbath (Saturday). Why? Because Jesus rose on a Sunday, and the early church met on Sunday. (Mark 16:9, John 20:19, Acts 20:7, 1 Corinthians 16:2).
Exo 31:14 Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
Exo 31:15 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.
Exo 31:16 Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.
Exo 31:17 It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.And was refreshed: God, in condescension to human weakness, applies to himself here what belongs to man; though it may refer to the delight and satisfaction with which he contemplated the completion of all his works, and pronounced them very good. (Genesis 1:31, Job 38:7, Psalm 104:31, Jeremiah 32:41).
Exo 31:18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.Two tablets: These first two tablets were "the work of God" (Exodus 32:16, 24:12). Stone: The second tablets were hewn by Moses (Exodus 34:1-4). Both written by God.
Exo 32:1 And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.Now Moses has been up on the mountain for 40 days getting instructions from God, and the Israelites are getting itchy feet. They think he is not coming back, so they want to make their own gods. (Makes you wonder how they made it this far). Make us gods: The great sin of to-day (1 Corinthians 10:7-11). Not made of materials like here, but made by imagination, and worshipped by the senses.
Exo 32:2 And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me.Aaron gives right into the people. (What was he thinking).
Exo 32:3 And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron.
Exo 32:4 And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.Calf: This was the chief Egyptian god which they were familiar in Egypt. These be thy gods: Explained in (Nehemiah 9:18), meaning, "this is thy god." (Psalm 106:19-21).
Exo 32:5 And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the LORD.What is Aaron thinking here? Does he actually think they will be worshipping "Yahveh," with the golden calf. (All done under cover of "religion"). Remember, Christianity is "real life," not religion.
Exo 32:6 And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.They get up early to sacrifice burn and peace offerings, but after this it is "party on!" Sound familiar? (No doubt at this feast they sacrificed after the manner of the Egyptians).
Exo 32:7 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves:What a bunch of losers! Notice God says to Moses, "Your people." It appears that God does not want anything to do with them. Can you blame Him? Only 40 days and the whole bunch have corrupted themselves with false gods and rituals. (Deuteronomy 32:5), A perverse and crooked generation. Sound familiar?
Exo 32:8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.Bow down and worship (pray too), images made by man. Again, sound familiar?
Exo 32:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people:Stubborn and rebellious people. (Psalm 78:8).
Exo 32:10 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.Wow... Moses must be thinking. "Is God serious here?" Is He really going to wipe these people out? Is it my fault? (Maybe God is just testing Moses).
Exo 32:11 And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand?Thy people: This is the reply of Moses. He knows they were not "cast off" (Romans 11:2), but only "cast aside" (Romans 11:15), for a little moment.
Exo 32:12 Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people.Moses is reasoning with the Lord. Why let the Egyptians say their God (Yahveh), rescued them just to destroy them? At the same time, Moses is pleading with God not to destroy the people He has chosen.
Exo 32:13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.God's promise to the patriarchs.
Exo 32:14 And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.It appears Moses and his appeal worked with God. (Psalm 106:45).
Exo 32:15 And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written.
Exo 32:16 And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.Written by God Himself! It really yanks my chain when I here people say "God didn't write the bible, man did." The bible was written by the inspiration of God. "He puts His Words in the hearts of men." (2 Corinthians 3:3, Hebrews 8:10).
Exo 32:17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said unto Moses, There is a noise of war in the camp.Joshua had waited patiently during all the forty days, in the place where Moses had left him - below the summit of the mount, at a distance from the people, and out of the way of temptation.
Exo 32:18 And he said, It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery, neither is it the voice of them that cry for being overcome: but the noise of them that sing do I hear.The people were down their drinking, partying, and dancing, to their golden god. (As in the worship of Apis, a bull-deity).
Exo 32:19 And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.When Moses saw the golden calf and all the dancing, "he burned with anger." He threw the stone tablets to the ground and smashed them.
Exo 32:20 And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it.Took the calf: How truly contemptible must the object of their idolatry appear, when they were obliged to drink their god, reduced to powder, and strewed on the water. Some have asked, how gold, the most ductile and ponderous of all metals, could have been stamped into dust, and strewed on the water. In (Deuteronomy 9:21), this is fully explained. I took, says Moses, your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire; that is, melted it down, probably into ingots or gross plates, and stamped it, beat it into thin lamine, something like our gold leaf, and ground it very small, even until it was as small as dust, which might be very easily done by the action of the hands, when beat into thin plates or leaves as the original words ekkoth, and dak, imply. (Deuteronomy 7:5, 7:25, 9:21).
Exo 32:21 And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?What the hell did you do Aaron? You let these people bring a terrible sin upon them.
Exo 32:22 And Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord wax hot: thou knowest the people, that they are set on mischief.Not my fault... You know how evil these people can be.
Exo 32:23 For they said unto me, Make us gods, which shall go before us: for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.Of course Aaron tries to pass the buck onto Moses.
Exo 32:24 And I said unto them, Whosoever hath any gold, let them break it off. So they gave it me: then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf.Did you ever get an excuse from someone that is so ridiculous that it makes you laugh. This was one of those excuses. "Aaron tries to say that he simply threw the gold jewelry into the fire and it popped out a golden calf."
Exo 32:25 And when Moses saw that the people were naked; (for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies:)Moses saw that Aaron let the people get totally out of control. (They looked like fools to their enemies). Some of the things going on in churches today make the people look very foolish also. (Did you ever go to a so called church just to see the congregation jump around, fall all over, and jabber like lunatics thinking they are entertaining the spirit)? A bunch of phonies. "God is not an author of confusion." "He is a God of truth, the living, and reality."
Exo 32:26 Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who is on the LORD'S side? let him come unto me. And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him.Moses shouts to the people, "All of you who are on the side of the Lord, come and join me." All the sons of Levi (a son of Jacob), gathered around Moses. Jesus said the same thing to the Pharisees. (Matthew 12:30).
Exo 32:27 And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour.The Levites didn't just kill anyone; Judgment was upon all of those people who were unrepentant.
Exo 32:28 And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.These 3,000 were the "men" slain by "the sons of Levi." The 23,000 of (1 Corinthians 10:8), includes those who died of the "plague" which followed. (Exodus 32:35).
Exo 32:29 For Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves to day to the LORD, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day.Or, another reading of this verse is, and Moses said, Consecrate yourselves to-day to the Lord; because every man hath been against his son and against his brother, etc.
Exo 32:30 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.Moses is going to try and set things right with the Lord.
Exo 32:31 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.Moses' fifth ascent.
Exo 32:32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.Blot me: (Psalm 69:28), Allusion may be made to the registry of births, in which those born of a particular tribe were entered in the list of their respective families under that tribe. This was the book of life; and when any died, his name might be considered as blotted out of this list. But as Moses addressed the Lord, he undoubtedly referred, by faith, to the book of God's remembrance.
Exo 32:33 And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book.Moses is in the clear here, but not the one's who have sinned against the Lord. (Under the Law, the sinner blotted out: under grace, sin blotted out).
Exo 32:34 Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them.Go and lead the people and My angel will lead the way for you. However, the people will be held accountable for their sins. "Postponed judgment." (Exodus 34:7, Numbers 14:33, Ezekiel 18:1-3, Matthew 23:32-36).
Exo 32:35 And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.See (Exodus 32:28), along with this verse.
Exo 33:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Depart, and go up hence, thou and the people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it:Get your act together and get going.
Exo 33:2 And I will send an angel before thee; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite:Angel of the Lord will go before you. Nothing to worry about.
Exo 33:3 Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way.Go to the land that I (the Lord) had promised, but I will not go with you. Got is a little upset with the people for being so rebellious and stubborn.
Exo 33:4 And when the people heard these evil tidings, they mourned: and no man did put on him his ornaments.Shows that Moses had descended again.
Exo 33:5 For the LORD had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiffnecked people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee.Moses tells the people your a bunch of hard-headed idiots. If the Lord was to go with you, He would destroy you. God tells you to remove your fancy jewelry and clothes and humble yourself.
Exo 33:6 And the children of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments by the mount Horeb.Finally did something right.
Exo 33:7 And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the LORD went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp.Tabernacle, for this was not erected; but probably the tent of Moses, which was before in the midst of the camp, and to which the people came for judgment; and where, no doubt, God frequently met his servant. This situation, as well as the superior elegance, of a chief's tent, was one mode by which he was honored.
Exo 33:8 And it came to pass, when Moses went out unto the tabernacle, that all the people rose up, and stood every man at his tent door, and looked after Moses, until he was gone into the tabernacle.
Exo 33:9 And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the LORD talked with Moses.Symbol of God's presence. A cloud by day and fire by night.
Exo 33:10 And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent door.Bowed down humbly before the entrance of the tent.
Exo 33:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle.Face to face: The Lord spoke to Moses as a friend. Moses would then return to the camp, but Joshua would remain in the tent.
Exo 33:12 And Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight.Moses wants to know who is going to lead the people with him to the promised land.
Exo 33:13 Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people.
Exo 33:14 And he said, My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.The presence of the Lord will be with you and everything will be fine.
Exo 33:15 And he said unto him, If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence.Moses does not want to go anywhere without the presence of God. (Good rule of thumb for our lives).
Exo 33:16 For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth.When God is with you, it can set you apart from other people and the ways of the world. But, don't get to comfortable; part of our job is dealing with other people, especially the lost and sinners. However, be careful. Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, (2 Corinthians 6:17). Don't get to close to an unbeliever when all possible. You can be around them, but do not follow their ways of the world. (Proverbs 9:6), forget the foolish; and live and go in the way of understanding.
Exo 33:17 And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name.God loved Moses and He called him friend.
Exo 33:18 And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy glory.
Exo 33:19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.Goodness: The glory could not have been endured; grace comes first, glory is reserved for the future. I will proclaim the name: This is done in (Exodus 34:5-7).
Exo 33:20 And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.Of that divine glory mentioned in the Scripture, there is one degree which the eyes of the prophets were able to explore; another which all the Israelites saw, as the cloud and consuming fire; the third is so bright, and so dazzling, that no mortal is able to comprehend it; but should anyone venture to look on it, his whole frame would be dissolved." In such inconceivable splendor is the Divine Majesty revealed to the inhabitants of the celestial world, where he is said to "dwell in the light which no man can approach unto" (1 Timothy 6:16). By the "face of God," therefore, we are to understand that light inaccessible before which angels may stand, but which would be so insufferable to mortal eyes, that no man could see it and live.
Exo 33:21 And the LORD said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock:
Exo 33:22 And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by:Some see this as a picture of Jesus, for He is our Rock, and through Him, the only way we can get close to God.
Exo 33:23 And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.A presence so great that no human could handle. (Exodus 33:20, John 1:18, 1 Timothy 6:16). However, Moses would get a glimpse of God from behind. "What an awesome experience."
Exo 34:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest.Moses must have descended for the fifth time. Moses would make the second tablets; Yahveh made the first. (Exodus 31:18).
Exo 34:2 And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount.
Exo 34:3 And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount.
Exo 34:4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone.This would be Moses' sixth and last ascent.
Exo 34:5 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD.The Lord came down in a cloud and stood with Moses. As promised in (Exodus 33:19). "God is going to describe Himself to Moses."
Exo 34:6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,In Hebrew, Lord = Yahveh. God = El. Longsuffering: (Romans 2:4), so that all would come to repentance.
Exo 34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.No means clear the guilty: The Hebrew nakkeh lo yenakkeh, has been rendered "Acquitting him who is not innocent." Nothing can more strongly express the goodness of God to frail mortals than this declaration, "which has been misunderstood and misinterpreted by many translators." God is willing to forgive everything. (Psalm 103:3, Daniel 9:9, Matthew 12:31, 1 John 1:9).
Exo 34:8 And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped.Now Moses gets the full picture. He threw himself to the ground and worshipped.
Exo 34:9 And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance.Lord... My Lord: Hebrews Strong's H135 "adonay," "Adonai." This is one of the 134 places where Jehovah (Yahveh), was altered to Adonai by the Sopherim (Levite scribes). (See appendix 32).
Exo 34:10 And he said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which thou art shall see the work of the LORD: for it is a terrible thing that I will do with thee.Covenant: A covenant of marvels. This covenant finds its complete fulfillment in the Apocalypse.
Exo 34:11 Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
Exo 34:12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee:Make no treaty with the people in the land where you are going, or you might follow their evil ways. "It's a jungle out there."
Exo 34:13 But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves:Groves: Hebrew "asherah" (or Astarte), a Phoenician goddess; also a image of the same grove. (i.e. keep away from the pagan gods).
Exo 34:14 For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:Our God is a jealous God. (Exodus 20:5, Deuteronomy 6:15, 32:16, Joshua 24:19, 1 Corinthians 10:22).
Exo 34:15 Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and one call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice;
Exo 34:16 And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods.Don't mess around with their daughters, they will seduce you and make you worship other gods. (Deuteronomy 7:3-4).
Exo 34:17 Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.No more golden calf, like the bad influence that came form Egypt.
Exo 34:18 The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt.
Exo 34:19 All that openeth the matrix is mine; and every firstling among thy cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male.
Exo 34:20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb: and if thou redeem him not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before me empty.
Exo 34:21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.The Sabbath day being a local observance.
Exo 34:22 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.
Exo 34:23 Thrice in the year shall all your men children appear before the Lord GOD, the God of Israel.Appear before the Lord: Passover, Pentecost, Feast of Tabernacles. Thrice = The number of Divine perfection. (A good rule of thumb if you want to take communion more than once a year). However, Jesus told us to do this in remembrance of Him on Passover.
Exo 34:24 For I will cast out the nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders: neither shall any man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the LORD thy God thrice in the year.Nothing to worry about when you meet three times a year. (The people and their land will be protected).
Exo 34:25 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning.
Exo 34:26 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring unto the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
Exo 34:27 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel.Write down these instructions. (The terms of the covenant for you and Israel).
Exo 34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.A second copy of the ten commandments.
Exo 34:29 And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him.Face shone: As the original word karan, signifies to shine out, or dart forth, as horns on the head of an animal, or rays of light reflected from a polished surface, we may suppose that the heavenly glory which filled the soul of this holy man, darted out from his face in coruscations, in the manner in which light is generally represented. The Vulgate renders it, et ignorabat quod cornuta esset facies sua, "and he did not know that his face was horned;" which version, misunderstood, has induced painters to represent Moses with two very large horns, one proceeding from each temple.
Exo 34:30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him.The people were a little afraid to come near Moses.
Exo 34:31 And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them.
Exo 34:32 And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai.
Exo 34:33 And till Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face.Covered his face with a veil. (A practice used today by some Jewish men when they pray and worship).
Exo 34:34 But when Moses went in before the LORD to speak with him, he took the vail off, until he came out. And he came out, and spake unto the children of Israel that which he was commanded.When Moses spoke to the Lord, he would remove the veil.
Exo 34:35 And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.Again: And not as Moses, which put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished: (2 Corinthians 3:13). Paul is saying that we are not like Moses who put the veil over his head so that the people of Israel would not see the glory that was destined to fade away. We as believers can now go where no man has gone before. "Right into the holy of holies." (Ephesians 2:14-15, Hebrews 10:1-9).
Exo 35:1 And Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These are the words which the LORD hath commanded, that ye should do them.Instructions from the Lord for the people will be given by Moses.
Exo 35:2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death.
Exo 35:3 Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.Pretty tough consequences if you worked on the Sabbath.
Exo 35:4 And Moses spake unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which the LORD commanded, saying,
Exo 35:5 Take ye from among you an offering unto the LORD: whosoever is of a willing heart, let him bring it, an offering of the LORD; gold, and silver, and brass,Note the willing hearted. This goes deeper than just supporting your church. So, your walking down the street and notice an elderly lady picking up pop cans and loose change. As you pass her by, you reach in your pocket and pull out your last five dollar bill, and call out to the lady; ma'am, ma'am, she stops and looks back. I believe this fell out of your pocket you tell the lady and discreetly hand her the bill. She takes the bill and returns a smile and tear of gratitude, then goes on her way. He who has pity on the poor lends to the Lord, And He will pay back what he has given. (Proverbs 19:17). "When you give to the needy, your giving to God." Your reward may only be a "good feeling" from compassion, but it is better than any monetary reward.
Exo 35:6 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,Moses goes on with a list of things that will be needed to build the Tabernacle.
Exo 35:7 And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,
Exo 35:8 And oil for the light, and spices for anointing oil, and for the sweet incense,
Exo 35:9 And onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod, and for the breastplate.
Exo 35:10 And every wise hearted among you shall come, and make all that the LORD hath commanded;
Exo 35:11 The tabernacle, his tent, and his covering, his taches, and his boards, his bars, his pillars, and his sockets,
Exo 35:12 The ark, and the staves thereof, with the mercy seat, and the vail of the covering,
Exo 35:13 The table, and his staves, and all his vessels, and the shewbread,
Exo 35:14 The candlestick also for the light, and his furniture, and his lamps, with the oil for the light,
Exo 35:15 And the incense altar, and his staves, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the door at the entering in of the tabernacle,
Exo 35:16 The altar of burnt offering, with his brasen grate, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot,
Exo 35:17 The hangings of the court, his pillars, and their sockets, and the hanging for the door of the court,
Exo 35:18 The pins of the tabernacle, and the pins of the court, and their cords,
Exo 35:19 The cloths of service, to do service in the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest's office.
Exo 35:20 And all the congregation of the children of Israel departed from the presence of Moses.
Exo 35:21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought the LORD'S offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments.Their hearts were moved by the Spirit. (The Holy Spirit).
Exo 35:22 And they came, both men and women, as many as were willing hearted, and brought bracelets, and earrings, and rings, and tablets, all jewels of gold: and every man that offered offered an offering of gold unto the LORD.
Exo 35:23 And every man, with whom was found blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair, and red skins of rams, and badgers' skins, brought them.
Exo 35:24 Every one that did offer an offering of silver and brass brought the LORD'S offering: and every man, with whom was found shittim wood for any work of the service, brought it.
Exo 35:25 And all the women that were wise hearted did spin with their hands, and brought that which they had spun, both of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine linen.
Exo 35:26 And all the women whose heart stirred them up in wisdom spun goats' hair.
Exo 35:27 And the rulers brought onyx stones, and stones to be set, for the ephod, and for the breastplate;
Exo 35:28 And spice, and oil for the light, and for the anointing oil, and for the sweet incense.
Exo 35:29 The children of Israel brought a willing offering unto the LORD, every man and woman, whose heart made them willing to bring for all manner of work, which the LORD had commanded to be made by the hand of Moses.
Exo 35:30 And Moses said unto the children of Israel, See, the LORD hath called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah;Bezaleel (the shadow, protection), "in the shadow of God." One of the main architects of the Tabernacle. His charge was chiefly in all works of metal, wood, and stone.
Exo 35:31 And he hath filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship;Jack of all trades you could say. All wisdom comes from God. (Proverbs 2:6-8).
Exo 35:32 And to devise curious works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,
Exo 35:33 And in the cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of wood, to make any manner of cunning work.
Exo 35:34 And he hath put in his heart that he may teach, both he, and Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan.Aholiab: A Danite of great skill as a weaver and embroiderer.
Exo 35:35 Them hath he filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of work, of the engraver, and of the cunning workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of them that do any work, and of those that devise cunning work.It's not always about the money, or what you can do for the church. When God gives you special skills, it's what you can do for the Lord. Use your skills to help one in need once in a while. "God loves that."
Exo 36:1 Then wrought Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, in whom the LORD put wisdom and understanding to know how to work all manner of work for the service of the sanctuary, according to all that the LORD had commanded.It was God who gifted all those who were involved in building the sanctuary and the construction of the Tabernacle.
Exo 36:2 And Moses called Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, in whose heart the LORD had put wisdom, even every one whose heart stirred him up to come unto the work to do it:Moses summoned his construction crew who were eager to get to work for the Lord.
Exo 36:3 And they received of Moses all the offering, which the children of Israel had brought for the work of the service of the sanctuary, to make it withal. And they brought yet unto him free offerings every morning.Plenty of gifts and materials, in fact, they were bringing to much.
Exo 36:4 And all the wise men, that wrought all the work of the sanctuary, came every man from his work which they made;
Exo 36:5 And they spake unto Moses, saying, The people bring much more than enough for the service of the work, which the LORD commanded to make.
Exo 36:6 And Moses gave commandment, and they caused it to be proclaimed throughout the camp, saying, Let neither man nor woman make any more work for the offering of the sanctuary. So the people were restrained from bringing.The people were bringing to much so Moses had them stop with their offerings. (Not something you would here today in the church).
Exo 36:7 For the stuff they had was sufficient for all the work to make it, and too much.They had plenty to complete the project.
Exo 36:8 And every wise hearted man among them that wrought the work of the tabernacle made ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work made he them.
Exo 36:9 The length of one curtain was twenty and eight cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: the curtains were all of one size.Chapters (36:9 - 39:43), has to do with the actual building of the Tabernacle. We covered this in (Exodus 25-31), from the Tent itself, to the Priestly Garments.
Exo 36:10 And he coupled the five curtains one unto another: and the other five curtains he coupled one unto another.
Exo 36:11 And he made loops of blue on the edge of one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling: likewise he made in the uttermost side of another curtain, in the coupling of the second.
Exo 36:12 Fifty loops made he in one curtain, and fifty loops made he in the edge of the curtain which was in the coupling of the second: the loops held one curtain to another.
Exo 36:13 And he made fifty taches of gold, and coupled the curtains one unto another with the taches: so it became one tabernacle.
Exo 36:14 And he made curtains of goats' hair for the tent over the tabernacle: eleven curtains he made them.
Exo 36:15 The length of one curtain was thirty cubits, and four cubits was the breadth of one curtain: the eleven curtains were of one size.
Exo 36:16 And he coupled five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves.
Exo 36:17 And he made fifty loops upon the uttermost edge of the curtain in the coupling, and fifty loops made he upon the edge of the curtain which coupleth the second.
Exo 36:18 And he made fifty taches of brass to couple the tent together, that it might be one.
Exo 36:19 And he made a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering of badgers' skins above that.
Exo 36:20 And he made boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood, standing up.
Exo 36:21 The length of a board was ten cubits, and the breadth of a board one cubit and a half.
Exo 36:22 One board had two tenons, equally distant one from another: thus did he make for all the boards of the tabernacle.
Exo 36:23 And he made boards for the tabernacle; twenty boards for the south side southward:
Exo 36:24 And forty sockets of silver he made under the twenty boards; two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons.
Exo 36:25 And for the other side of the tabernacle, which is toward the north corner, he made twenty boards,
Exo 36:26 And their forty sockets of silver; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board.
Exo 36:27 And for the sides of the tabernacle westward he made six boards.
Exo 36:28 And two boards made he for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides.
Exo 36:29 And they were coupled beneath, and coupled together at the head thereof, to one ring: thus he did to both of them in both the corners.
Exo 36:30 And there were eight boards; and their sockets were sixteen sockets of silver, under every board two sockets.
Exo 36:31 And he made bars of shittim wood; five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle,
Exo 36:32 And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the tabernacle for the sides westward.
Exo 36:33 And he made the middle bar to shoot through the boards from the one end to the other.
Exo 36:34 And he overlaid the boards with gold, and made their rings of gold to be places for the bars, and overlaid the bars with gold.
Exo 36:35 And he made a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: with cherubims made he it of cunning work.
Exo 36:36 And he made thereunto four pillars of shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold: their hooks were of gold; and he cast for them four sockets of silver.
Exo 36:37 And he made an hanging for the tabernacle door of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, of needlework;
Exo 36:38 And the five pillars of it with their hooks: and he overlaid their chapiters and their fillets with gold: but their five sockets were of brass.
Exo 37:1 And Bezaleel made the ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half was the length of it, and a cubit and a half the breadth of it, and a cubit and a half the height of it:
Exo 37:2 And he overlaid it with pure gold within and without, and made a crown of gold to it round about.
Exo 37:3 And he cast for it four rings of gold, to be set by the four corners of it; even two rings upon the one side of it, and two rings upon the other side of it.
Exo 37:4 And he made staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold.
Exo 37:5 And he put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, to bear the ark.
Exo 37:6 And he made the mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half was the length thereof, and one cubit and a half the breadth thereof.
Exo 37:7 And he made two cherubims of gold, beaten out of one piece made he them, on the two ends of the mercy seat;
Exo 37:8 One cherub on the end on this side, and another cherub on the other end on that side: out of the mercy seat made he the cherubims on the two ends thereof.
Exo 37:9 And the cherubims spread out their wings on high, and covered with their wings over the mercy seat, with their faces one to another; even to the mercy seatward were the faces of the cherubims.
Exo 37:10 And he made the table of shittim wood: two cubits was the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof:
Exo 37:11 And he overlaid it with pure gold, and made thereunto a crown of gold round about.
Exo 37:12 Also he made thereunto a border of an handbreadth round about; and made a crown of gold for the border thereof round about.
Exo 37:13 And he cast for it four rings of gold, and put the rings upon the four corners that were in the four feet thereof.
Exo 37:14 Over against the border were the rings, the places for the staves to bear the table.
Exo 37:15 And he made the staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold, to bear the table.
Exo 37:16 And he made the vessels which were upon the table, his dishes, and his spoons, and his bowls, and his covers to cover withal, of pure gold.
Exo 37:17 And he made the candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work made he the candlestick; his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same:
Exo 37:18 And six branches going out of the sides thereof; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side thereof, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side thereof:
Exo 37:19 Three bowls made after the fashion of almonds in one branch, a knop and a flower; and three bowls made like almonds in another branch, a knop and a flower: so throughout the six branches going out of the candlestick.
Exo 37:20 And in the candlestick were four bowls made like almonds, his knops, and his flowers:
Exo 37:21 And a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches going out of it.
Exo 37:22 Their knops and their branches were of the same: all of it was one beaten work of pure gold.
Exo 37:23 And he made his seven lamps, and his snuffers, and his snuffdishes, of pure gold.
Exo 37:24 Of a talent of pure gold made he it, and all the vessels thereof.
Exo 37:25 And he made the incense altar of shittim wood: the length of it was a cubit, and the breadth of it a cubit; it was foursquare; and two cubits was the height of it; the horns thereof were of the same.
Exo 37:26 And he overlaid it with pure gold, both the top of it, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns of it: also he made unto it a crown of gold round about.
Exo 37:27 And he made two rings of gold for it under the crown thereof, by the two corners of it, upon the two sides thereof, to be places for the staves to bear it withal.
Exo 37:28 And he made the staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold.
Exo 37:29 And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the apothecary.
Exo 38:1 And he made the altar of burnt offering of shittim wood: five cubits was the length thereof, and five cubits the breadth thereof; it was foursquare; and three cubits the height thereof.
Exo 38:2 And he made the horns thereof on the four corners of it; the horns thereof were of the same: and he overlaid it with brass.
Exo 38:3 And he made all the vessels of the altar, the pots, and the shovels, and the basons, and the fleshhooks, and the firepans: all the vessels thereof made he of brass.
Exo 38:4 And he made for the altar a brasen grate of network under the compass thereof beneath unto the midst of it.
Exo 38:5 And he cast four rings for the four ends of the grate of brass, to be places for the staves.
Exo 38:6 And he made the staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with brass.
Exo 38:7 And he put the staves into the rings on the sides of the altar, to bear it withal; he made the altar hollow with boards.
Exo 38:8 And he made the laver of brass, and the foot of it of brass, of the lookingglasses of the women assembling, which assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Exo 38:9 And he made the court: on the south side southward the hangings of the court were of fine twined linen, an hundred cubits:
Exo 38:10 Their pillars were twenty, and their brasen sockets twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver.
Exo 38:11 And for the north side the hangings were an hundred cubits, their pillars were twenty, and their sockets of brass twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.
Exo 38:12 And for the west side were hangings of fifty cubits, their pillars ten, and their sockets ten; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.
Exo 38:13 And for the east side eastward fifty cubits.
Exo 38:14 The hangings of the one side of the gate were fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three.
Exo 38:15 And for the other side of the court gate, on this hand and that hand, were hangings of fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three.
Exo 38:16 All the hangings of the court round about were of fine twined linen.
Exo 38:17 And the sockets for the pillars were of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver; and the overlaying of their chapiters of silver; and all the pillars of the court were filleted with silver.
Exo 38:18 And the hanging for the gate of the court was needlework, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: and twenty cubits was the length, and the height in the breadth was five cubits, answerable to the hangings of the court.
Exo 38:19 And their pillars were four, and their sockets of brass four; their hooks of silver, and the overlaying of their chapiters and their fillets of silver.
Exo 38:20 And all the pins of the tabernacle, and of the court round about, were of brass.
Exo 38:21 This is the sum of the tabernacle, even of the tabernacle of testimony, as it was counted, according to the commandment of Moses, for the service of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar, son to Aaron the priest.
Exo 38:22 And Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 38:23 And with him was Aholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver, and a cunning workman, and an embroiderer in blue, and in purple, and in scarlet, and fine linen.
Exo 38:24 All the gold that was occupied for the work in all the work of the holy place, even the gold of the offering, was twenty and nine talents, and seven hundred and thirty shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary.
Exo 38:25 And the silver of them that were numbered of the congregation was an hundred talents, and a thousand seven hundred and threescore and fifteen shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary:
Exo 38:26 A bekah for every man, that is, half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty men.
Exo 38:27 And of the hundred talents of silver were cast the sockets of the sanctuary, and the sockets of the vail; an hundred sockets of the hundred talents, a talent for a socket.
Exo 38:28 And of the thousand seven hundred seventy and five shekels he made hooks for the pillars, and overlaid their chapiters, and filleted them.
Exo 38:29 And the brass of the offering was seventy talents, and two thousand and four hundred shekels.
Exo 38:30 And therewith he made the sockets to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the brasen altar, and the brasen grate for it, and all the vessels of the altar,
Exo 38:31 And the sockets of the court round about, and the sockets of the court gate, and all the pins of the tabernacle, and all the pins of the court round about.
Exo 39:1 And of the blue, and purple, and scarlet, they made cloths of service, to do service in the holy place, and made the holy garments for Aaron; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 39:2 And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.
Exo 39:3 And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work.
Exo 39:4 They made shoulderpieces for it, to couple it together: by the two edges was it coupled together.
Exo 39:5 And the curious girdle of his ephod, that was upon it, was of the same, according to the work thereof; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 39:6 And they wrought onyx stones inclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel.
Exo 39:7 And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod, that they should be stones for a memorial to the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 39:8 And he made the breastplate of cunning work, like the work of the ephod; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.
Exo 39:9 It was foursquare; they made the breastplate double: a span was the length thereof, and a span the breadth thereof, being doubled.
Exo 39:10 And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this was the first row.
Exo 39:11 And the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.
Exo 39:12 And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.
Exo 39:13 And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper: they were inclosed in ouches of gold in their inclosings.
Exo 39:14 And the stones were according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, every one with his name, according to the twelve tribes.
Exo 39:15 And they made upon the breastplate chains at the ends, of wreathen work of pure gold.
Exo 39:16 And they made two ouches of gold, and two gold rings; and put the two rings in the two ends of the breastplate.
Exo 39:17 And they put the two wreathen chains of gold in the two rings on the ends of the breastplate.
Exo 39:18 And the two ends of the two wreathen chains they fastened in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod, before it.
Exo 39:19 And they made two rings of gold, and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, upon the border of it, which was on the side of the ephod inward.
Exo 39:20 And they made two other golden rings, and put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart of it, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod.
Exo 39:21 And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 39:22 And he made the robe of the ephod of woven work, all of blue.
Exo 39:23 And there was an hole in the midst of the robe, as the hole of an habergeon, with a band round about the hole, that it should not rend.
Exo 39:24 And they made upon the hems of the robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen.
Exo 39:25 And they made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates upon the hem of the robe, round about between the pomegranates;
Exo 39:26 A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, round about the hem of the robe to minister in; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 39:27 And they made coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and for his sons,
Exo 39:28 And a mitre of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches of fine twined linen,
Exo 39:29 And a girdle of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, of needlework; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 39:30 And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote upon it a writing, like to the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.
Exo 39:31 And they tied unto it a lace of blue, to fasten it on high upon the mitre; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 39:32 Thus was all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation finished: and the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did they.
Exo 39:33 And they brought the tabernacle unto Moses, the tent, and all his furniture, his taches, his boards, his bars, and his pillars, and his sockets,
Exo 39:34 And the covering of rams' skins dyed red, and the covering of badgers' skins, and the vail of the covering,
Exo 39:35 The ark of the testimony, and the staves thereof, and the mercy seat,
Exo 39:36 The table, and all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread,
Exo 39:37 The pure candlestick, with the lamps thereof, even with the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels thereof, and the oil for light,
Exo 39:38 And the golden altar, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the tabernacle door,
Exo 39:39 The brasen altar, and his grate of brass, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot,
Exo 39:40 The hangings of the court, his pillars, and his sockets, and the hanging for the court gate, his cords, and his pins, and all the vessels of the service of the tabernacle, for the tent of the congregation,
Exo 39:41 The cloths of service to do service in the holy place, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons' garments, to minister in the priest's office.
Exo 39:42 According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work.
Exo 39:43 And Moses did look upon all the work, and, behold, they had done it as the LORD had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them.
Exo 40:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Exo 40:2 On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation.Moses gets the final instructions from the Lord to set up the Tabernacle on the first day of the new year.
Exo 40:3 And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the vail.The Ark of the Covenant was placed inside the Tabernacle.
Exo 40:4 And thou shalt bring in the table, and set in order the things that are to be set in order upon it; and thou shalt bring in the candlestick, and light the lamps thereof.
Exo 40:5 And thou shalt set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the testimony, and put the hanging of the door to the tabernacle.
Exo 40:6 And thou shalt set the altar of the burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation.
Exo 40:7 And thou shalt set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and shalt put water therein.
Exo 40:8 And thou shalt set up the court round about, and hang up the hanging at the court gate.
Exo 40:9 And thou shalt take the anointing oil, and anoint the tabernacle, and all that is therein, and shalt hallow it, and all the vessels thereof: and it shall be holy.Moses anoints every part of the Tabernacle and everything within. (A picture of the Holy Spirit involved in everything).
Exo 40:10 And thou shalt anoint the altar of the burnt offering, and all his vessels, and sanctify the altar: and it shall be an altar most holy.
Exo 40:11 And thou shalt anoint the laver and his foot, and sanctify it.
Exo 40:12 And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and wash them with water.
Exo 40:13 And thou shalt put upon Aaron the holy garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him; that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.
Exo 40:14 And thou shalt bring his sons, and clothe them with coats:
Exo 40:15 And thou shalt anoint them, as thou didst anoint their father, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office: for their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.Anoint them to serve as priests of God.
Exo 40:16 Thus did Moses: according to all that the LORD commanded him, so did he.
Exo 40:17 And it came to pass in the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was reared up.
Exo 40:18 And Moses reared up the tabernacle, and fastened his sockets, and set up the boards thereof, and put in the bars thereof, and reared up his pillars.
Exo 40:19 And he spread abroad the tent over the tabernacle, and put the covering of the tent above upon it; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 40:20 And he took and put the testimony into the ark, and set the staves on the ark, and put the mercy seat above upon the ark:Placed the Ten Commandments inside the Ark of the Covenant.
Exo 40:21 And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set up the vail of the covering, and covered the ark of the testimony; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 40:22 And he put the table in the tent of the congregation, upon the side of the tabernacle northward, without the vail.
Exo 40:23 And he set the bread in order upon it before the LORD; as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Exo 40:24 And he put the candlestick in the tent of the congregation, over against the table, on the side of the tabernacle southward.
Exo 40:25 And he lighted the lamps before the LORD; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 40:26 And he put the golden altar in the tent of the congregation before the vail:
Exo 40:27 And he burnt sweet incense thereon; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 40:28 And he set up the hanging at the door of the tabernacle.
Exo 40:29 And he put the altar of burnt offering by the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation, and offered upon it the burnt offering and the meat offering; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 40:30 And he set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and put water there, to wash withal.
Exo 40:31 And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet thereat:
Exo 40:32 When they went into the tent of the congregation, and when they came near unto the altar, they washed; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exo 40:33 And he reared up the court round about the tabernacle and the altar, and set up the hanging of the court gate. So Moses finished the work.The tabernacle: The tabernacle might either be called a house or a tent, because it had wooden walls and partitions like a house, and curtains and hangings like a tent; but as it externally resembled a common oblong tent, and the wooden walls were without a roof, and properly only supports for the many curtains and hangings spread over them, it is more properly called a tent. Even the ordinary tents of the Arabs have at least two main divisions; the innermost for the women, and hence called sacred, i.e., cut off, inaccessible. In the tent of an (emir), the innermost space is accessible to himself only, or those whom he particularly honors; into the outer tent others may come. The furniture is costly, the floor covered with a rich carpet, and has a stand with a censer and coals, on which incense is strewed. Hence we have the simple idea after which this magnificent royal tent of Jehovah, the King and God of the Hebrews, was made.
Exo 40:34 Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.In the end time, the Glory of the Lord and the Tabernacle of God will be within men. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. (Revelation 21:3), He will dwell here with men. In Hebrew; The Shekinah Glory! (Shekinah meaning "He caused to dwell").
Exo 40:35 And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
Exo 40:36 And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys:Always follow God when He calls.
Exo 40:37 But if the cloud were not taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up.
Exo 40:38 For the cloud of the LORD was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.The presence of God with them through all their journeys. Make sure the presence of God in your life with tough times ahead, and you will do just fine.
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