Book of Nahum
The Book of Nahum (meaning comforter), was written around 603
B.C., and corresponds with the book of Jonah, which also has Nineveh for its
subject. Some eighty-seven years before, Jonah had proclaimed Yahveh's favor to
Nineveh, which had prolonged its existence till now, when Nahum's prophecy of
coming judgment was fulfilled without further delay. The subject of Nahum's
prophecy is the approaching complete and final destruction of Nineveh, the
capital of the great and at that time flourishing Assyrian empire.
Assur-bani-pal was at the height of his glory. Nineveh was a city of vast
extent, and was then the center of the civilization and commerce of the world, a
"bloody city all full of lies and robbery" (Nahum 3:1), for it had robbed and
plundered all the neighboring nations. It was strongly fortified on every side,
bidding defiance to every enemy. One popular verse is 3:5, "Behold, I am against
thee, saith YHWH of hosts, and I will uncover thy skirts upon thy face; and I
will show the nations thy nakedness, and the kingdoms thy shame." This is very
symbolic showing that Nineveh was known for being a city full of prostitutes.
(Its early importance came from being the home to a statue of the goddess
Nah 1:1 The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite. A vision given by God to Nahum concerning Nineveh. The Elkoshite, Heb. Elkoshi, a village of this name exists to-day, twenty-four miles north of Nineveh (now Konyunjik). (Zephaniah 2:13).
Nah 1:2 God is jealous, and the LORD revengeth; the LORD revengeth, and is furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries, and he reserveth wrath for his enemies. The Lord is a jealous God. (Exodus 20:5, Exodus 34:14, Deuteronomy 4:24). He takes revenge on all who oppose Him and continues to take rage against His enemies. (Psalm 94:1, Hebrews 10:30).
Nah 1:3 The LORD is slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all acquit the wicked: the LORD hath his way in the whirlwind and in the storm, and the clouds are the dust of his feet. The Lord is slow to anger (long suffering), (Psalm 103:8, II Peter 3:9). He never lets the guilty go unpunished. He displays His power in the whirlwind and the storm. (The storm is about to come).
Nah 1:4 He rebuketh the sea, and maketh it dry, and drieth up all the rivers: Bashan languisheth, and Carmel, and the flower of Lebanon languisheth. The oceans dry up at His command and the rivers dry up. "Remember what happened to the red sea." (Psalm 106:9). The lush pastures of Bashan and Carmel fade, and the forest of Lebanon wither. (Amos 1:2).
Nah 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, and all that dwell therein. The mountains quake and the hills melt away as the earth trembles, and its people are destroyed. (Psalm 97:5, Micah 1:4). This should also bring our attention to: (II Peter 3:7-12), when the present Heavens and Earth have been stored up for fire. They are being kept for judgment day, when the ungodly people will be destroyed. Be on guard and know the season for His return, when all evil (all the wicked & rudiments) will be burned up. Judgment Day!
Nah 1:6 Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? his fury is poured out like fire, and the rocks are thrown down by him. Who can stand against His fierce anger? No one. (Revelation 6:17). Who can survive His burning fury? No one. (Revelation 16:8). Even the mountains crumble to dust in His presence.
Nah 1:7 The LORD is good, a strong hold in the day of trouble; and he knoweth them that trust in him. The Lord is good and a strong refuge when trouble comes. He is very close to those who trust Him. (Psalm 100:5). Bringing our attention to: (II Timothy 2:12), If we endure hardship we will reign with Christ, but if we deny Him He will deny us.
Nah 1:8 But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies. Sweep away His enemies in an overwhelming flood. Darkness will cover His enemies. (There will be a flood involved in the destruction of Nineveh).
Nah 1:9 What do ye imagine against the LORD? he will make an utter end: affliction shall not rise up the second time. Scheming against the Lord. (Psalm 2:1-4, Psalm 21:11), not a good idea. He will destroy you with one blow and won't need to strike twice.
Nah 1:10 For while they be folden together as thorns, and while they are drunken as drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry. The enemies of the Lord are tangled like thorn bushes and stagger like a bunch of drunks. They will be burned up like dry stubble. (Malachi 4:1).
Nah 1:11 There is one come out of thee, that imagineth evil against the LORD, a wicked counsellor. Who is the one who plots evil against the Lord? A wicked counselor = a counselor of Belial. The counselor probably = Rabshakeh; and Belial = Sennacherib. Could this be speaking about those fellows that came against Jerusalem in 701 B.C., The Assyrian king's name was Sennacherib, and the general who delivered the message was named Rabshakeh. (II Kings 18:28-32).
Nah 1:12 Thus saith the LORD; Though they be quiet, and likewise many, yet thus shall they be cut down, when he shall pass through. Though I have afflicted thee, I will afflict thee no more. The Lord says: Even though the Assyrians have many allies, they will be destroyed. God is done afflicting His own people.
Nah 1:13 For now will I break his yoke from off thee, and will burst thy bonds in sunder. I will break the yoke of bondage from your neck and tear the chains of Assyrian oppression. (Genesis 27:40).
Nah 1:14 And the LORD hath given a commandment concerning thee, that no more of thy name be sown: out of the house of thy gods will I cut off the graven image and the molten image: I will make thy grave; for thou art vile. God speaking concerning the Assyrians in Nineveh: No more of thy name will be shown, i.e. "the dynasty of Nineveh should end." I will destroy all the idols in your temples of your gods. I am preparing a grave for you because you are despicable.
Nah 1:15 Behold upon the mountains the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace! O Judah, keep thy solemn feasts, perform thy vows: for the wicked shall no more pass through thee; he is utterly cut off. A message is coming over the mountains with good news. A message of peace. People of Judah, celebrate your festivals and fulfill your vows. Your wicked enemies will never invade your land again. They will be completely destroyed. (Sound like when the "wicked one" antichrist, will be cut off in the end times). Maybe Sennacherib was a type of antichrist.
Nah 2:1 He that dasheth in
pieces is come up before thy
face: keep the munition,
watch the way, make thy
loins strong, fortify thy
Your enemy is coming to
crush you Nineveh. Man the
ramparts. Watch the roads.
Prepare your defenses. Call
out your forces. (Describing
the scene of Nineveh's
destruction). Nineveh was
conquered by Cyaxares the
Mede and Nobopolassar the
Babylonian. (A reference or
type of the future
destruction of antichrist).
Nah 2:2 For the LORD hath
turned away the excellency
of Jacob, as the excellency
of Israel: for the emptiers
have emptied them out, and
marred their vine branches.
Even though the destroyer
has destroyed Judah, the
Lord will restore its honor.
Israel's vine has been
stripped of branches, but He
will restore its splendor.
(Israel may have been taken
into captivity, but they
will return; Assyria on the
other hand will not be back
once its been destroyed).
Nah 2:3 The shield of his
mighty men is made red, the
valiant men are in
scarlet: the chariots
shall be with flaming
torches in the day of his
preparation, and the fir
trees shall be terribly
Their mighty warriors
shields flash red in the
sunlight. (The Babylonians
and Meads overlaid their
shields with copper to make
them appear red). "They also
became reddened with blood."
Their uniforms were dyed
scarlet, and their
glittering chariots move
Nah 2:4 The chariots
shall rage in the streets,
they shall justle one
against another in the broad
ways: they shall seem like
torches, they shall run like
The chariots run wild
through the streets flashing
like fire and move swiftly
as lightning. (Isaiah 33:4,
Joel 2:9), just as the
locust swarm and strip the
fields and vines, so
Jerusalem will strip the
fallen army of Assyria.
Nah 2:5 He shall recount
his worthies: they shall
stumble in their walk; they
shall make haste to the wall
thereof, and the defence
shall be prepared.
He = (the king of Assyria),
shouts to his officers as
they stumble in haste,
rushing to the walls to set
up their defenses. (The
Assyrian king getting ready
Nah 2:6 The gates of the
rivers shall be opened, and
the palace shall be
The river gates were open
and the palace is about to
collapse. Gates =
flood-gates, or sluices.
Nineveh lies on the east (or
left) bank of the Tigris.
The Khusur (a perennial
stream ran through it; also
a canal form it to the
Tigris ran through the city.
(At the beginning of the
siege, the enemy closed the
gates and the river was
backed up into reservoirs.
When they opened the flood
gates, the water flooded the
city and destroyed the
Nah 2:7 And Huzzab shall
be led away captive, she
shall be brought up, and her
maids shall lead her
as with the voice of doves,
tabering upon their breasts.
Nineveh's exile has been
decreed, and the servant
girls mourn its capture.
Huzzab = queen of Nineveh,
or queen mother. (She would
be dishonored and taken
captive; the city being thus
Nah 2:8 But Nineveh is
of old like a pool of water:
yet they shall flee away.
Stand, stand, shall they
cry; but none shall look
Nineveh "hath been from of
old (filled with men), as a
pool (is full) of water! The
defenders (flee away),
before their besiegers.
"Shall they cry." They = the
Nah 2:9 Take ye the spoil
of silver, take the spoil of
gold: for there is
none end of the store and
glory out of all the
There were treasures of
silver and gold without end.
(Nineveh was filled with the
spoils of all the nations it
had plundered and now it
would be plundered as
Nah 2:10 She is empty,
and void, and waste: and the
heart melteth, and the knees
smite together, and much
pain is in all loins,
and the faces of them all
The city is plundered,
empty, and ruined. Hearts
melt and knees shake. The
faces of the people are pale
and trembling. (Joel 2:6),
fear grips the people.
Nineveh was taken and
utterly ruined by Assuerus,
or Cyaxares, king of Media,
and Nabuchodonosor, or
Nabopolassar, king of
Babylon, B.C. 606, or 612.
Diodorus, who with others
ascribes the taking of it to
Arbaces the Mede and Belesis
the Babylonian, says that he
"dispersed the citizens in
the villages, leveled the
city with the ground,
transferred the gold and
silver, of which there were
many talents, to Ecbatana
the metropolis of the Medes,
and this subverted the
empire of the Assyrians."
Nah 2:11 Where is
the dwelling of the lions,
and the feedingplace of the
young lions, where the lion,
even the old lion,
walked, and the
lion's whelp, and none made
Where now is the great
Nineveh, that den filled
with young lions? It was a
place where the people (like
lions), walked freely
Nah 2:12 The lion did
tear in pieces enough for
his whelps, and strangled
for his lionesses, and
filled his holes with prey,
and his dens with ravin.
lion "was tearing" meat for
its cubs and strangled prey
for his mate. Filled his den
with prey and caverns with
his plunder. (Just as
Nineveh had done in the
Nah 2:13 Behold, I am
against thee, saith the LORD
of hosts, and I will burn
her chariots in the smoke,
and the sword shall devour
thy young lions: and I will
cut off thy prey from the
earth, and the voice of thy
messengers shall no more be
"I am your enemy." Says the
Lord of Heaven's Armies.
Your chariots will soon go
up in smoke. Your young men
will be killed in battle.
You will never plunder or
conquer nations again. The
voices of your proud
messengers will be heard no
more." (Assyria once
pictured as fierce lions,
now are about to be
Nah 3:1 Woe to the bloody city! it is all full of lies and
robbery; the prey departeth not. Woe to Nineveh, a city of
great blood shed. A city built on murder, robbery and lies. (Ezekiel 22:2-3,
Ezekiel 24:6-9, Habakkuk 2:12, Zephaniah 3:1-3), Nineveh earned the title
"bloody city" by her terrible practice of cutting limbs off captives and
skinning them alive.
Nah 3:2 The noise of a whip, and the noise of the rattling of the wheels, and
of the pransing horses, and of the jumping chariots.
Hear the crack of whips and the rumble of the chariot wheels. (The enemy is
within the gates).
Nah 3:3 The horseman lifteth up both the bright sword and the glittering
spear: and there is a multitude of slain, and a great number of carcases;
and there is none end of their corpses; they stumble upon their
corpses. See the flashing swords and spears as the
chariots charge past. Countless casualties and heaps of bodies as they stumble
Nah 3:4 Because of the multitude of the whoredoms of the wellfavoured harlot,
the mistress of witchcrafts, that selleth nations through her whoredoms, and
families through her witchcrafts. Her countless
idolatries, the mistress of deadly charms, enticed the nations with her beauty.
She teaches them all her magic, enchanting people everywhere with her
witchcrafts. (Isaiah 47:9, Isaiah 47:12-13), This should bring our attention to
the destruction of future Babylon in Revelation 17: (Revelation 17:1-5). Both
the Assyrians and the Babylonians worshipped the same female goddess "Ishtar"
considered by them as the "queen of heaven." Does the worship of "Ishtar" take
place in today's world? Do a little research and see what you come up with.
Nah 3:5 Behold, I am against thee, saith the LORD of hosts; and I will
discover thy skirts upon thy face, and I will shew the nations thy nakedness,
and the kingdoms thy shame. The Lord is against them and
is their enemy. "He will expose their nakedness and shame." (Isaiah 47:2-3,
Jeremiah 13:22, Jeremiah 13:26, Ezekiel 16:37, Ezekiel 23:29).
Nah 3:6 And I will cast abominable filth upon thee, and make thee vile, and
will set thee as a gazingstock. God will expose their
filth and show the world how vile they really are.
Nah 3:7 And it shall come to pass, that all they that look upon thee
shall flee from thee, and say, Nineveh is laid waste: who will bemoan her?
whence shall I seek comforters for thee? All will see
Nineveh be laid waste and no one will care about her destruction. (Isaiah
Nah 3:8 Art thou better than populous No, that was situate among the rivers,
that had the waters round about it, whose rampart was the sea,
and her wall was from the sea? Are you better
than the city of Thebes? They were surrounded by water and protected by the
river on all sides. (Walled in by water).
Nah 3:9 Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was
infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers. Ethiopia and
Egypt gave unlimited assistance. The nations of Put and Libya were also among
her allies. "Put was among the mercenaries of Tyre." (Ezekiel 27:10, Jeremiah
Nah 3:10 Yet was she carried away, she went into captivity: her young
children also were dashed in pieces at the top of all the streets: and they cast
lots for her honourable men, and all her great men were bound in chains.
Thebes fell and her people were led away as captives. Her babies were thrown
against the stones of the streets. The soldiers threw dice to get Egyptian
officers as servants and their leaders were bound in chains. (Thebes, the old
capital of Egypt, was destroyed by Assyria about 663 B.C.).
Nah 3:11 Thou also shalt be drunken: thou shalt be hid, thou also shalt seek
strength because of the enemy. Nineveh will also stagger
like a drunkard. You will hide from your attacking enemy in fear. (Diodorus
relates, that while the Assyrian army were feasting for their former victories,
those about Arbaces being informed of their negligence and drunkenness, fell
upon them unexpectedly, slew many, and drove the rest into the city).
Nah 3:12 All thy strong holds shall be like fig trees with the
firstripe figs: if they be shaken, they shall even fall into the mouth of the
eater. All your fortresses will fall and will be devoured.
Just as the ripe figs fall into the mouths of those who shake the tree. I the
future sense, remember the stars from heaven that fell to the earth and the fig
tree that cast her untimely figs in (Revelation 6:13), The figs that are
harvested out of season. This is the time when Satan is already on the scene and
will be exposed. (666), The sixth seal, the sixth vial, and the sixth trump.
Then after these days of the tribulation, "Not before" is when the real Christ
shall appear. (Mark 13:24-27). This is when our gathering back to Christ will be.
(II Thessalonians 2).
Nah 3:13 Behold, thy people in the midst of thee are women: the gates
of thy land shall be set wide open unto thine enemies: the fire shall devour thy
bars. Your troops will be as weak and helpless as women.
The gates of your land will be opened wide to the enemy and set on fire.
Nah 3:14 Draw thee waters for the siege, fortify thy strong holds: go into
clay, and tread the morter, make strong the brickkiln. Get
ready for the siege. Store up water and strengthen your defenses. Repair your
walls and make them strong with bricks. (Go ahead and try to prepare, but it
won't help you).
Nah 3:15 There shall the fire devour thee; the sword shall cut thee off, it
shall eat thee up like the cankerworm: make thyself many as the cankerworm, make
thyself many as the locusts. Fire
will devour you and the sword will cut you down. The enemy will consume you like
locust, devouring everything they see. There will be no escape, even if you
multiply like swarming locust. "Bringing our attention to the locust army of the
end times." That which the palmerworm hath left
hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the cankerworm
eaten; and that which the cankerworm hath left hath the caterpiller eaten. (Joel
There are four Hebrew words here (gazam = gnawer, yelek = devourer, arbeh =
swarmer, and hasil = consumer), respectively rendered the palmer-worm, canker
worm, locust, and caterpillar, denote four different species of locust, or the
four stages of the destroying agencies. (Revelation 9:3-7). Can you pick out the
hidden word of the swarmer that relates to them today?
Nah 3:16 Thou hast multiplied thy merchants above the stars of heaven: the
cankerworm spoileth, and flieth away. Your merchants have
multiplied until they outnumber the stars. But like a swarm of locust, they
strip the land and fly away.
Nah 3:17 Thy crowned are as the locusts, and thy captains as the great
grasshoppers, which camp in the hedges in the cold day, but when the sun
ariseth they flee away, and their place is not known where they are.
Your guards are like swarming locust that crowd together in the hedges on a
cold day. But, just like the locust that fly away when the sun comes up, they
will also flee and disappear. (Revelation 9:7), again bringing our attention to
the locust army of the end times.
Nah 3:18 Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria: thy nobles shall dwell
in the dust: thy people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man
gathereth them. Your
shepherds are asleep king of Assyria, and your princes lay (i.e. in death) in
the dust. Your people are scattered across the mountains (hiding) with no one to
gather them. "Just as those who will hide in the end times." (Revelation 6:15),
All that were deceived that are in shame for what they believed in and taught to
others. Super preachers, phony pastors, and false teachers.
Nah 3:19 There is no
healing of thy bruise; thy wound is grievous: all that hear the bruit of thee
shall clap the hands over thee: for upon whom hath not thy wickedness passed
continually? No healing for your wound. Your injury is fatal! Everyone
who hears of your destruction will celebrate with joy. Where can anyone be found
that has not suffered from your cruelty? "Just as Babylon the great will fall in
the end times." (Revelation 18:2), Within the confounds of Babylon are caged
everything that is spiritually unclean and evil and it will be destroyed. "So it
will be for Nineveh."
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